Human Rights Treaties, Abusive States, and Citizen Activism
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: Georgetown University Press
Cover, Title Page, Copyright
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List of Illustrations
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My interest in human rights and global mechanisms of justice developed early in response to conversations with my grandfather. He told me of his experiences as a young man escaping Nazi Germany and showed me pictures of our family members who were not as lucky...
List of Abbreviations
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In the wake of World War II, the international community has made great progress toward promoting democracy, the rule of law, and a common set of human rights protections for the world’s population. Today, more than 48 percent of states in the international...
1. A New Approach to Commitment and Compliance
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Traditionally in international relations, we conceive of the state as the final locus of authority. Citizens take their complaints of abuse to domestic courts; whatever remedy they may receive accrues to them through domestic legal channels. Prior to the introduction...
2. Patterns of Commitment
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Which countries grant their citizens the right to file complaints before the UN treaty bodies? Which countries merely ratify human rights treaties to avoid UN intrusion into their domestic affairs? In chapter 1 we considered theories explaining commitment and compliance...
3. Causes of Commitment
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In some instances governments ratify treaties sincerely, in the hopes that domestic policy will follow their global commitment. In other instances they may feel pressured to demonstrate a commitment to policies similar to those of regional peers. In still other circumstances...
4. Individual Petitions in Eastern Europe: Racial Discrimination in Slovakia
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During the 1990s, Eastern Europe was what Central Asia is today—a new front in the battle between citizens and their governments over the protection of human rights. Why did the Slovaks choose to offer minorities the opportunity to voice patterns of domestic...
5. Hungary and the Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
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Insincere commitments to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) have the capacity to improve domestic rights protections. This chapter explores why the Hungarians ratified the Optional Protocol...
6. The UN Human Rights Committee in Central Asia: Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan
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The governments of Central Asia have not been known for their steadfast commitment to their citizens’ human rights in recent years. In May 2005, President Karimov in Uzbekistan suppressed an uprising in the Ferghana Valley. Official state reports...
7. The Causes and Consequences of Commitment Reconsidered
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Why do new governments commit to individual petition mechanisms in human rights treaties? What are the effects of allowing citizens in newly independent states to file grievances before UN bodies? The traditional approaches to commitment, which stress de facto compliance...
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Page Count: 224
Illustrations: 18 figures, 16 tables
Publication Year: 2012