The UN Secretary-General and Moral Authority
Ethics and Religion in International Leadership
Publication Year: 2007
Published by: Georgetown University Press
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The first and most important acknowledgment is to Harold Guetzkow. Dr. Guetzkow initiated the project that produced this volume and ensured generous funding that supported research, travel, and meetings. He stressed the need for a detailed examination of the religious and moral...
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The office of the UN secretary-general has been described as a needed voice in an international arena where moral principles are often seen as subservient to concerns over power and interest. In fact, because the secretary-generalship is a relatively constrained position lacking in traditional...
1. Moral Authority and the UN Secretary-General’s Ethical Framework
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This chapter begins by considering the place of the UN secretary-general in the international arena. This includes a discussion of the perceived moral authority of the secretary-generalship, along with the personal religious and moral values of officeholders that have been viewed as influencing...
2. Seeking Balance: The Secretary-General as Normative Negotiator
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When the secretary-general of the United Nations looks for guidance in his role as chief administrative officer of the organization, he finds that he stands between two normative codes, each with claims upon his loyalty. On one side is his own code of behavior, the set of personal beliefs...
3. The House That Trygve Lie Built: Ethical Challenges as the First UN Secretary-General
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It is interesting that Trygve Halvdan Lie, who, on February 1, 1946, became the first elected secretary-general of the United Nations, is all but forgotten.2 What accounts for the amnesia about this man, a respected labor lawyer, social democrat, and lifelong politician who toiled for seven long...
4. The UN Charter, the New Testament, and Psalms: The Moral Authority of Dag Hammarskjöld
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On July 29, 2005, the world celebrated the hundredth anniversary of Dag Hammarskjöld’s birth. The anniversary provided an opportunity to reflect on this extraordinary individual and his role in world politics. Hammarskjöld would approve of our contemplation on his birthday, as he himself...
5. U Thant: Buddhism in Action
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The election of U Thant as secretary-general on November 3, 1961, six weeks after the tragic death of Dag Hammarskjöld, was a novelty in international relations. U Thant (pronounced Oo Thawnt)1 was the first non-European secretary-general in the United Nations or the League of...
6. An Ethical Enigma: Another Look at Kurt Waldheim
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Kurt Waldheim, as the fourth secretary-general of the United Nations, in many ways remains an enigma. How can one man represent the world’s loftiest principles as grounded in the UN charter, yet fall to the level of a suspected war criminal condemned for the international community’s...
7. Religion, Ethics, and Reality: A Study of Javier Perez de Cuellar
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This chapter analyzes the personal values of Javier Perez de Cuellar and the extent to which his ethical framework influenced him during his tenure as UN secretary-general between 1982 and 1991. The research question at the heart of this chapter inquires whether, during these ten years as...
8. A Realist in the Utopian City: Boutros Boutros-Ghali’s Ethical Framework and Its Impact
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Boutros Boutros-Ghali was sworn in as secretary-general of the United Nations on December 3, 1991. The first post–Cold War secretary-general was raised an Egyptian Coptic Christian and educated in France as an international lawyer. These aspects of his background contributed to an...
9. Politics and values at the United Nations: Kofi Annan’s Balancing Act
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The day after his appointment as the seventh secretary-general of the United Nations, on December 17, 1996, Kofi Annan was asked during a press conference how he would define his new job. He responded that “the Secretary-General’s role is multifaceted. Some have referred to it as...
10. The Secular Pope: Insights on the UN Secretary-General and Moral Authority
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This concluding chapter provides a comparative analysis of the secretariesgeneral. The chapter looks back across the individual case studies to examine the components of the officeholders’ ethical frameworks and whether, in conjunction with external contextual considerations, the role played by...
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Page Count: 384
Publication Year: 2007