Distant Provinces in the Inka Empire
Toward a Deeper Understanding of Inka Imperialism
Publication Year: 2010
Who was in charge of the widespread provinces of the great Inka Empire of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries: Inka from the imperial heartland or local leaders who took on the trappings of their conquerors, either by coercion or acceptance? By focusing on provinces far from the capital of Cuzco, the essays in this multidisciplinary volume provide up-to-date information on the strategies of domination asserted by the Inka across the provinces far from their capital and the equally broad range of responses adopted by their conquered peoples.
Contributors to this cutting-edge volume incorporate the interaction of archaeological and ethnohistorical research with archaeobotany, biometrics, architecture, and mining engineering, among other fields. The geographical scope of the chapters—which cover the Inka provinces in Bolivia, in southeast Argentina, in southern Chile, along the central and north coast of Peru, and in Ecuador—build upon the many different ways in which conqueror and conquered interacted. Competing factors such as the kinds of resources available in the provinces, the degree of cooperation or resistance manifested by local leaders, the existing levels of political organization convenient to the imperial administration, and how recently a region had been conquered provide a wealth of information on regions previously understudied. Using detailed contextual analyses of Inka and elite residences and settlements in the distant provinces, the essayists evaluate the impact of the empire on the leadership strategies of conquered populations, whether they were Inka by privilege, local leaders acculturated to Inka norms, or foreign mid-level administrators from trusted ethnicities.
By exploring the critical interface between local elites and their Inka overlords, Distant Provinces in the Inka Empire builds upon Malpass’s 1993 Provincial Inca: Archaeological and Ethnohistorical Assessment of the Impact of the Inca State to support the conclusions that Inka strategies of control were tailored to the particular situations faced in different regions. By contributing to our understanding of what it means to be marginal in the Inka Empire, this book details how the Inka attended to their political and economic goals in their interactions with their conquered peoples and how their subjects responded, producing a richly textured view of the reality that was the Inka Empire.
Published by: University of Iowa Press
Preface and Acknowledgments
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The 1993 publication of Provincial Inca: Archaeological and Ethnohistorical Assessment of the Impact of the Inca State was a step forward in our understanding of how the Inkas interacted with the people of their conquered provinces. The book’s main focus was on comparing the two forms of information...
One - Provincial Inka Studies in the Twenty-first Century
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This book began as a symposium at the 2004 Society for American Archaeology meetings in Montreal. The purpose of the symposium was to bring together researchers who had advanced our ideas about the nature of the Inka Empire, both geographically and in the details of the processes involved....
Two Archaeobotany of Cerro del Inga, Chile, at the Southern Inka Frontier
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This study represents the introduction of systematic water flotation archaeobotany to Chilean archaeology. As such, Rossen et al. provide new lines of analysis for understanding the interaction between the Inkas and their conquered people. Specifically, using archaeobotany to identify the food remains and stored foods at the site...
Three - An Archaeological Perspective on the Inka Provincial Administration of the South-Central Andes
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This chapter constitutes an important contribution to the Inka archaeology of northern Chile. In particular, the authors focus on Arica, one of the most distant, and seemingly marginal, regions of the empire. Based on extensive archaeological research, ranging from regional studies, changes in the artifact assemblages, architecture, and dietary patterns from a household scale...
Four - Yampara Households and Communal Evolution in the Southeastern Inka Peripheries
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This chapter presents relevant data to understand the interaction of the Inka Empire with Yampara elites, in a region facing the southeastern Inka frontier. This region, according to colonial narratives, was part of the Inka frontier that witnessed the advances of Chiriguano-Guaran� groups entering from the southeastern tropical piedmonts and Chaco. In this ...
Five - Living under the Imperial Thumb in the Northern Calchaqu� Valley, Argentina
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The chapter provides the results of several years of intensive study of the Inka and pre-Inka occupation of the northern Calchaqu� Valley of north-western Argentina. In contrast to the previous chapter, this one provides a fine-grained study of the Inka presence at two specific sites: the local Inka centers of La Paya/Guiti�n and the four related areas of the site of ...
Six - Forms of Imperial Control and the Negotiation of Local Autonomy in the Cinti Valley of Bolivia
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This chapter presents novel information on the valley of Cinti, Chuquisaca, part of the Qaraqara territory. Based on a regional-scale analysis, intrasite artifact assemblage, architectural analysis, and ethnohistorical information, Rivera discusses the kinds of changes that the Inkas introduced in the valley of Cinti to assess the nature of the Inka control. Using ...
Seven - The Organization of Inka Silver Production in Porco, Bolivia
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The most important contribution of this chapter is its assessment of the degree of imperial control in provinces that were distant and ecologically marginal and with low population levels, but that nevertheless held valuable resources for the Inkas. This was the case of Porco, the silver mines located near the city of Potos�, in what was the territory of Qaraqara. Al-...
Eight - A Bioarchaeological Approach to the Search for Mitmaqkuna
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This study marks a milestone in Inka studies by the authors’ analysis of a skeletal population to evaluate imperial practices concerning a local pop-ulation of weavers. The study uses Rostworowski de Diez Canseco’s (1972, 1975, 1977, 1978, 1988a, 1990) ethnohistorical research to indicate that the local Ychma ethnic group of the region was one of several groups whose ...
Nine - The Socioeconomic and Ideological Transformationof Farf�n under Inka Rule
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The kingdom of Chimor was the most complex society that fell to the Inkas. This chapter provides the most detailed information to date about how the Inkas manifested control over this state-level polity. As a well-developed society, theory suggests that the Inkas should have exercised hegemonic control, with little need to construct facilities for their imperial ...
Ten - Inkas and Yumbos at Palmitopamba in Northwestern Ecuador
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The research by Lippi and Gudi�o provides an important window into the poorly understood issue of the Inka conquest of northern Ecuador. We know from the chroniclers that the local groups provided fierce resistance, and their conquest took many years. Yet the exact nature of the relationship between the Inkas and these groups after conquest has yet to ...
Eleven - Toward a Better Understanding of Inka Provincialism
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The many chapters in this book have deepened our understanding of the different forms of Inka control and Inka provincialism. Because of the geographical scope of the chapters, the contributions provide the foundation for a comparative work on the strategies used by the Inka elite in the control of the provinces, the distinct organizational layouts of the imperial ...
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Page Count: 368
Publication Year: 2010