Essays in Honor of Bonnie Wheeler
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: Medieval Institute Publications
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Title Page, copyright
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...he editors gratefully thank Jo Goyne of Southern Methodist university forher crucial role in helping develop this volume and then assisting in the edit-ing in its early stages. Susan Raymond-Fic and Julie R. Howland of the Amherst College english department provided much-appreciated secretarial help, assis-tance in copy-editing, and computer support. brigitte buettner (Art History, ...
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... nswering boccaccio’s De mulieribus claris in her Book of the City of Ladies (Le Livre de la Cité des Dames, 1405), Christine de Pizan celebrates queens, female warriors, prophetesses, foundresses, inventors of arts and science, instruc-tors, and saints, drawing not only upon classical legends but also from her own experience of educated women, talented artisans, virtuous and valiant women from ...
Part 1Old and Middle English Literature
Kiyoko Nagase and Her“Grendel’s Mother”
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...n February 1996 Professor Fred C. Robinson was generous enough to send mea copy of a portfolio file entitled “Beowulf in the Floating World: The Poem Illustrated with Japanese block Prints from Several Centuries,” edited and com-piled by his former student, Professor Marijane osborn. His cover note indicated that as his birthday gift she presented him with two copies of this privately made ...
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...he ambit of Chaucer’s works ranges from england to Africa, from the “errtik sterres” wandering the firmament to the literal bowels of hell. Yet the island from which he writes is a strangely diminished geography. This essay examines Chaucer not as an english poet, not as an international man of letters, but as a writer within a polyglot, culturally restless archipelago. Chaucer’s attenuated britain ...
Just How Loathly Is the “Wyf”?:Deconstructing Chaucer’s “Hag”in The Wife of Bath’s Tale
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...hroughout his oeuvre, Chaucer betrays extreme authorial anxiety about beingmisinterpreted by readers, about his texts being erroneously transmitted, and about misrepresenting other “auctours” himself.1 He curses future readers/critics who for various reasons “mysdeme” his dream report about visiting Fame’s House (House of Fame [HF] 94–100). He curses his scribe, Adam Scriveyn, in the poem ...
Lectio difficilior and All That:Another Look at Arcite’s Injury
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... s anyone who has tried to parse Theseus’s “first moevere” speech (perhaps ex tempore before a classroom of undergraduates) will agree, the language of Chaucer’s Knight’s Tale is anything but straightforward and precise. Yet much Chaucer criticism has followed Theseus’s injunction to “make a virtue of neces-site” and has systematically disregarded or glossed over many of the knotty verbal ...
Part 2Arthuriana Then and Now
Arthurian Bones and English Kings,ca. 1180–ca. 1550
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...erald of Wales, in his De instructione principum, gives a vivid, probably eye-witness account of the “discovery” at Glastonbury in 1191 of what the abbot and monks (who staged the event) declared to be the bones of King Arthur and his queen, Guenevere. It was the advice of King Henry II, he says, that guided the monks as to where to dig: “Though there were certain indications in writings that ...
The Prophecies of Merlin:Their Originality and Importance
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...erlin makes his literary debut on a Welsh hill, usually identified as dinasemrys on the fringe of Snowdonia. He is not, of course, an old man with a long white beard. He is a youth, a teenager in fact, and he has been brought there as a human sacrifice. but he saves his life by outwitting his would-be sacrificers.Geoffrey of Monmouth, whose History of the Kings of Britain introduced ...
Notes toward a Reappraisalof Malory’s Prose Style
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Style: Jonathan Swift unhelpfully tells us that “proper words in proper places make the true definition of a style.”1 More helpful are Elizabeth Closs Traugott and Mary Louise Pratt, whose Linguistics for Students of Literature provides a useful approach. ...
The Scottish Lancelot of the Laikand Malory’s Morte Darthur:Contrasting Approaches to the Same Story
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...he Scots-english Lancelot of the Laik, found in Cambridge university library Kk.1.5.vii, is an incomplete mid-to-late fifteenth-century verse adaptation of the noncyclic Prose Lancelot do Lac’s account of the love of lancelot and Guenevere and of the knight Galehot’s war against Arthur. A better known and quite different account of lancelot in english is in Sir Thomas Malory’s Morte ...
“The Strength of Ten”: The CulturalResonance of Tennyson’s “Sir Galahad”
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...ennyson’s poem “Sir Galahad,” written in 1834 and first published in 1842, In the author’s preface to her novel Blessed Bastard (1997), Ruth P. M. lehmann quotes this passage and comments that “in four lines [tennyson] makes an inhu-man monster of [Galahad].”1 but that was not the view of nineteenth- and early twentieth-century readers. Though tennyson’s “Sir Galahad” can hardly be con-...
Googling the Grail
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...“The power of the Grail, even today, comes from its obscurity.”ur quest, to Google “The Holy Grail” and see what popped up, proved to be a more arduous and daunting undertaking than we had anticipated.1 What “popped up” was more than fourteen million hits, and we found ourselves adrift in a chaotic and alien environment, forced to blunder about in a Perilous Forest ...
Part 3Joan of Arc, Then and Now
“Because It Was Paris”:Joan of Arc’s Attack on Paris Reconsidered
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...he wished to attack such a strong town and so well stocked with men andartillery, simply because it was the city of Paris.” So rationalized the author of the Journal du siège d’Orléans at the conclusion of his account of the failure of Joan of Arc to take Paris in September 1429.1 Joan of Arc’s attack on Paris had lasted for only one day before she was wounded and her soldiers withdrew. Most ...
Warrior not Warmonger:Screen Joans during World War I
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...ary leder’s 2002 film, The Impostor, based on a short story by Philip K.dick, is set on a war-ravished earth in the year 2079. decades of con-flict with invading Alpha Centauri have reduced large parts of the planet to rubble as the human race fights for survival. Global leadership is vested in someone simply referred to in the film as “the Chancellor,” whose care-...
The Drama of Left-Wing Joan:From “Merlin’s Prophecy” to Hellman’s Lark
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...oan of Arc has functioned as an important political symbol for all manner offactions and causes within and outside France, although her most frequent appropriation in modern times has been by the right in France, most recently Jean-Marie le Pen’s national Front Party (1990s).1 but when the so-called “Merlin’s Prophecy” cited by Geoffrey of Monmouth in the twelfth century, and then mar-...
Part 4Nuns and Spirituality
A Letter to the Abbess of Fontevraultfrom the Abbot of Clairvaux
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...ost medieval letters survive in collections, and comparatively few are knownfrom isolated copies.1 The letter published here from Stiftsbibliothek Ad-mont MS 446, fol. 110v was written probably in the middle of the twelfth century by the abbot of Clairvaux to the abbess of Fontevrault. The text breaks off in the middle (not the end) of a line, which suggests that the scribe copied all that he had ...
The Nuns of Bivalin the Thirteenth Century
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...ven the best scholars of the history of medieval normandy have had little tosay on the Cistercian nunnery of bival.1 The exception was Joseph Strayer, who in the 1950s discovered a late twelfth-century forged charter pertaining to the abbey, whose text he edited and whose circumstances of production he explained in an article in Speculum.2 other authentic twelfth- and thirteenth-...
The Sonic Presence of Mary Magdaleneat the Last Supper: The Maundyof the Poor at Barking Abbey
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...n the wake of dan brown’s phenomenally popular book The DaVinci Code, several humorous representations of davinci’s Last Supper have made the rounds of the Internet with Mary Magdalene inserted into the scene. While these were intended primarily as jests, the chants accompanying the Mandatum paupe-rum as practices by the nuns at barking Abbey in the fifteenth century do more ...
The Royal Purple Mantleof El Greco’s Espolio
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...onnie Wheeler’s keen, capacious intellectual imagination enveloped our years of shared teaching like a protean mantle, measured to an ever more demand-ing body of insight. In our last semester it reached to envelop the very spaces of Southern Methodist university’s Meadows Museum of Spanish Art in a course drawing personnel from all of the university’s six schools and attracting students ...
Part 5Royal Women
Signed, Sealed, and Delivered:The Patronage of Constance de France
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...n late July or early August 1165, Constance, Countess of toulouse, duchess ofnarbonne, and Marquise of Provence, was suddenly repudiated and “divorced” by her second husband, Raymond v, Count of toulouse, et cetera. Shortly there-after, she likely managed to join her brother, louis vII, in the Auvergne for the journey to Paris, where she subsequently lived as a single woman, the self-styled ...
The TestamentaryStrategies of Jeanne d’Évreux:The Endowment of Saint-Denis in 1343
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...efore her death at brie-Comte-Robert on March 4, 1371, Jeanne d’Évreuxspent forty-three years as a very rich widow after losing her husband, King Charles Iv of France (1294–1328) on February 1, 1328.1 The couple had been married since July 5, 1324. Jeanne had had two daughters (one of whom prede-ceased her father) and was pregnant with a third when Charles died. during her ...
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Dorsey Armstrong is Associate Professor of Medieval Literature in the English Department at Purdue University, where she teaches courses on late medieval literature, Anglo-Saxon language and literature, gender and Women’s Studies, and the medieval world. ...
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Page Count: 282
Illustrations: 19 halftones, 1 color
Publication Year: 2013