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Scotus and Ockham

Selected Essays

Allan B. Wolter, OFM

Publication Year: 2004

Produced over a career of six decades, Allan Wolter's monumental editions, translations, commentaries and studies constitute by far the largest and most influential body of scholarship by any modern author. The present collections brings together twelve of Wolter's seminal articles, most of which have never been reprinted, as well as two new studies written for this volume. They range over the length of Wolter's career and represent the breadth of his interests: Scotus's literary production and academic career, his metaphysics, ethics, and theologoy, and his relation to Ockham and other Franciscan theologians, This is a valuable collection for anyone working in late medieval philosophy or theology.

Published by: Franciscan Institute Publications

Covers

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p. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-4

Table of Contents

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p. 5-5

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Preface

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pp. vii-6

Fr. Allan Bernard Wolter, O.F.M., has had a long and illustrious teaching career. Whether he was teaching at The Franciscan Institute of St. Bonaventure University, Our Lady of Angels Seminary in Cleveland, or The Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C., he was a true philosopher who followed Aristotle’s tenet that...

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1. Reflections on the Life and Works of Scotus

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pp. 1-34

Shortly after his untimely death on November 8, 1308, as Master of theology in the Franciscan House of Studies in Cologne, the mortal remains of Blessed John Duns Scotus were moved to a place of honor in the Conventual church known as the Minoritenkirche that dates back to the mid-thirteenth century like the Cologne Cathedral...

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2. The Early Works of Scotus

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pp. 35-52

I would like to comment on three chronological issues raised by the introductory notes to volume XIX of the Vatican edition of Scotus’s Opera omnia.2 The publication of this volume coincided with the International Scotistic Congress held at Rome in 1993. It completes the Lectura version on the first two books of the Sentences done...

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3. Duns Scotus at Oxford

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pp. 53-61

In as detailed a speculative account as that of Brampton, based on his familiarity with the special university requirements at Oxford as early as we can trace them today, it is indeed important to “separate fact from conjecture” as Courtenay points out, especially since most of the extant documents on such studies date from the second...

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4. A Scotistic Approach to the Ultimate Why-Question

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pp. 63-83

This title and subject warrant a word of explanation. On reading Paul Edwards’ article “Why”2 and Milton K. Munitz’s earlier work on the why of the world’s existence,3 I wondered how a medieval philosopher might approach their problem. At the time I was lecturing on Aquinas, Scotus, and Ockham, so my speculation began with...

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5. God’s Knowledge: A Study in Scotistic Methodology

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pp. 85-100

This chapter has a tangled history. It grew out of three previous papers that are published. Since the date of their publication gives no indication of the sequence in which they were originally written I take this occasion to clarify this in some measure, since it has a bearing on how I came to the conclusions I would like to present...

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6. William of Alnwick on Scotus and Divine Concurrence

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pp. 101-127

The late Carl Baliç, president of the Scotistic Commission, who planned and did the most work to initiate and bring to its present state of completion the critical Vatican edition of John Duns Scotus’s Opera omnia, once remarked that when the edition of the Ordinatio, Scotus’s most important theological work, was finished, one might...

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7. Scotus on the Origin of Possibility

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pp. 129-141

The Questions on Aristotle’s Metaphysics, in the opinion of the Scotistic Commission, is a work Duns Scotus composed early in his academic career. Portions of what he wrote there are more fully developed in his Oxford Lectura.2 According to the editors working on a critical edition at work in the Franciscan Institute of St. Bonaventure...

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8. Scotus’s Lectures on the Immaculate Conception

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pp. 143-172

Duns Scotus lectured on the Immaculate Conception of Mary first at Oxford and then at Paris. Carl Baliç, on the occasion of the centenary of the Ineffabilis Deus that declared this prerogative of Mary to be a dogma of the church, reedited the collection of texts that Scotus had composed on this subject.1 He followed the same...

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9. Scotus’s Ethics

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pp. 173-183

Scotus’s ethics may be one of the least well known aspects of his philosophy because of the status of the critical Vatican edition. Though work on it began half a century ago, the eleven volumes done to date contain but a fraction of his major works and little specific to his ethics. We can appreciate Gilson’s complaint: “Waiting...

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10. Scotus’s Eschatology: Some Reflections

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pp. 185-218

Pope Paul VI points out in his apostolic letter Alma parens that Duns Scotus built his systematic philosophical and theological conception of God upon two passages of Scripture, one from Exodus, namely "I am who am" and the other from the first Johannine epistle, namely: "God is love."2 As a philosopher Scotus interpreted the first...

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11. Scotism

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pp. 219-228

Scotism, the philosophical and theological heritage of the Blessed John Duns Scotus (c. 1265-1308), represented one of the three major trends of scholastic philosophical theology, the first being that of Thomism, and the last that of nominalism, inspired by William Ockham. The mendicant orders founded by St. Francis of Assisi...

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12. An Oxford Dialogue on Language and Metaphysics

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pp. 229-281

In the never-never land of science fiction and fantasy there are not only space-transporters that can whisk one across the English channel from Paris or Cologne, but more wondrous still, time machines that can people the present with famous men of the past and, by reverse polarity, change the time-vector and send them back...

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13. Ockham and the Textbooks

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pp. 283-306

The neophyte in scholastic philosophy can scarcely avoid receiving a distorted view of Ockham’s doctrines if he reads the neo-scholastic textbooks used in most of our seminaries and colleges today. To illustrate this contention, we have selected the question of the origin of possibility. We have examined thirteen typical textbooks whose...

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14. Ockham’s Conception of Matter

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pp. 307-334

His contempt for these “moderns” stands in sharp contrast to his respect for Scotus, whom he cites frequently, and his attitude towards Aquinas, to whom he rarely refers. Obviously Ockham did not go to the latter’s works in attacking positions reputedly Thomist, for as he presents these views they appear too often as “crude caricatures...

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

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pp. 335-342

SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY

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pp. 337-349

ADDENDA TO BIBLIOGRAPHY

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pp. 350-357


E-ISBN-13: 9781576592816
E-ISBN-10: 1576592812
Print-ISBN-13: 9781576591888
Print-ISBN-10: 1576591883

Page Count: 350
Publication Year: 2004

Edition: First