This Corner of Canaan
Essays on Texas in Honor of Randolph B. Campbell
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of North Texas Press
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This volume reflects a shared debt that many of us owe to the scholarly work of Randolph B. âMikeâ Campbell. Among those whose work intersects with Texas, there are few whose legacy and influence loom as large as Campbellâs. Over the course of almost fifty years, his books, essays, journal articles, and public lectures have painted a nuanced portrait of the Texas past that has become a model for the field. Perhaps just as important, Campbellâs work as a teacher and...
Teacher, Mentor, Friend: A Reflection
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I have had many good teachers; I recall them very well and even speciï¬c things I learned from each, but only a few were life- changingâmy ï¬rst grade teacher, my twelfth grade teacher, my thesis committee, and then there was the Virginian, Randolph B. Campbell. Dr. Campbell did not just want to teach a prescribed curriculum; he wanted to teach students; he wanted to change the world (at least his On the ï¬rst day of my ï¬rst class in the Department of History at the ...
Chapter 1. Texas Identity: Alternatives to the Terrible Triplets
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For more than a century Texas historians have nurtured three competing views on Texas identity. These terrible triplets, now well into a vital and vigorous old age, have a family resemblance and a similar effect on the study of the state. One stubbornly insists that Texas remains and always has been unique and exceptional. Another brusquely argues that Texas, at ...
Chapter 2. History, Memory, and Rebranding Texas as Western for the 1936 Centennial
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Whether Texas is southern or western in its basic historical character has long been debated b y historians of the Lone Star State and the Southwest. Numerous articles, essays, and books have explicitly touched on this subject over the decades. Several scholars have played signiï¬cant roles in this debate. Notably, Frank Vandiver wrote a timely book in 1975 titled The Southwest: South or West? Vandiver inconclusively found vestiges of both inï¬uences that shaped ...
Chapter 3. JosÃ© Antonio Pichardo and the Limits of Spanish Texas, 1803â1821
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From the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 to Jul y 21, 1821, w hen the ï¬ag of Castile and LeÃ³n was lowered for the last time at San Antonio, Spanish Texas experienced its most turbulent and bloody years. The province faced an aggressive United States with its expansion- minded President Thomas Jefferson, and in 1813 Texas suffered the bloodiest war in its history, followed by an agonizing aftermath. To help retain its hold on Texas, Spain turned to a Mexican savant, man ...
Chapter 4. Sam Houston, Indian Agent
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Sam Houston is revered as a Texas hero. At least twelve major biographies along with countless other works have chronicled the adventures of this larger- than- life American. But even before he entered the pages of Texas history, he had carved out a wide- ranging and remarkable career. Houston was an accomplished frontiersman, schoolmaster, soldier, lawyer, and politician who became governor of...
Chapter 5. Stephen F. Austinâs Views on Slavery in Early Texas
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In 1830, Stephen F. Austin made a bold declaration to a group of potential settlers from Alabama who were interested in moving to Texas. âI am of the opinion,â he informed them, âthat Texas will never become a Slave state or country.â Such sentiments might have struck his Alabama audience as strange, since Austin had spent the majority of the previous decade doing everything in his power to ensure the passage of proslavery laws in Mexico. Yet Austin...
Part III: Texas in Civil War and Reconstruction
Chapter 6. Landholding in Brazos County, Texas: Frontier, War, and Reconstruction
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One of the most persistent historical questions concerning the American Civil War and Reconstruction is what impact the war and the end of slavery had on local elites in the South. The answer to that question has varied. Some historians have seen relatively little change, while others have perceived a more radical transformation.1 As historian James Roark points out, however, resolving these interpretations is difï¬cult because of the narrow geographic focus of most of these ...
Chapter 7. Soldiering on the Texas Coast and the Problem of Confederate Nationalism
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Beginning with the publication of Bell I. Wileyâs pioneering works on Johnny Reb and Billy Yank, scholarly literature on Civil War soldiers has been bold and controversial. Historians have long since developed myriad interpretations to recreate the lives and experiences of the countless men who donned the blue and gray. In fact, scholars increasingly and effectively have utilized soldiersâ wartime accounts as useful tools to investigate the nineteenth-centuryâs deep cauldron of ...
Chapter 8. North Texans and Civil War Amnesty: Helpless Instruments in the Hands of Rebellion?
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At the end of the Civil War, President Andrew Johnson pursued a lenient plan of Reconstruction designed to return the former Confederate states to their proper relationship with the Union as swiftly as possible. His plan included amnesty proclamations intended to restore full legal and political rights to ex-Confederates, in most cases, in exchange for an oath of allegiance to the United States and a pledge to obey emancipation legislation. Johnsonâs ï¬rst and most important...
Chapter 9. Texas Reconstruction in Popular Memory: What Really Happened in Hill County in 1871
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Texas legislators in 1874 righted a terrible wrong, or so the y claimed. It had already become part of Democratic lore that Re-publican governor Edmund J. Davis was an oppressive dictator. The same idea was quickly becoming embedded in popular memory in the Lone Star State as conservative Democrats âredeemedâ it from Re-construction by beating the Republicans at the ballot box. Perhaps the most persuasive evidence in the portrayal of Davis as an oppressor was ...
Chapter 10. The Roots of Southern Progressivism: Texas Populists and the Rise of a Reform Coalition in Milam County
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In the introduction to his 1997 book, Grass-Roots Reconstruction in Texas, Randolph B. Campbell noted that although Reconstruction had been the subject of intense academic scrutiny at the state and national levels, few scholars had âsought to determine how the issues of the era came home to people at the local level.â Campbellâs point about Re-construction holds true for the subject of this essay: the political circumstances that gave rise to southern progressivism. In the past half- century, ...
Chapter 11. African-American Housing and Health Patterns in Southwestern Cities, 1865â1900
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After the Civil War, many African Americans in southwestern cities, including some former urban slaves and all new migrants into the towns, faced an immediate need for housing. The resolution of that problem would inï¬uence their lives and the nature of the cities in several ways. It could perpetuate integrated antebellum residential patterns, when domestic slaves lived in the houses of their owners or in quarters nearby. Or it could enhance the residential segregation that had ...
Chapter 12. Populism and the Poll Tax in Cooke County, Texas
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Generally, poll taxes are considered in terms of their role within the Jim Crow systemâ laws formulated to limit the political inï¬uence of blacks. These taxes, however, also served to reduce the political power of poor whites, as exempliï¬ed by the Populist movement at the turn of the century. Rural Populists, most of whom were poor farmers, advocated the abolition of the national banking system, an increase in the money supply, and a commodity credit system. Another ...
Chapter 13. Investing in Urban: The Womanâs Monday Club and the Entrepreneurial Elite of Corpus Christi, Texas
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Newly urban areas in the South, around the turn of the twentieth century, promised opportunity to thousands of people looking to make their mark. Spread across the region, cities sprung up in areas where plantation and ranching agriculture was once the primary path to regional inï¬uence. Like most of the South, Cor pus Christi in 1900 was surrounded by a mostly rural landscape, but a growing class of optimistic urban social elites believed that a different future lay ahead ...
Chapter 14. Denton County, Texas, and the Draft During the First World War
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The Denton County courthouse was quiet on July 20, 1917. The local newspaper noted that ânothing was ï¬led in county court, no ï¬lings were reported in the district court, no birth or death certiï¬cates and no marriage licenses were applied for.â The reason for the lack of ofï¬cial business was obvious to county residents: the ï¬rst draft since the Civil War was taking place in Washington, D.C. As blindfolded administration ofï¬cials pulled numbers from a glass bowl, they were ...
Chapter 15. âGente Decenteâ: Tejanos Jovita GonzÃ¡lez and Edmundo E. Mireles
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When Jovita GonzÃ¡lez married Edmundo E. Mireles in 1935, she had already accomplished more than most Mexican Americans of her generation, male or female. By the time she was thirty, the Tejana was an acclaimed folklorist, historian, speaker, author, and teacher. GonzÃ¡lezâs marriage, however, would dramatically change the course of her life and career. Her interests became secondary to those of her husband, the Mexican-born Mireles, who was destined to ...
Chapter 16. National Ideal Meets Local Reality: The Grassroots War on Poverty in Houston
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President Lyndon B. Johnsonâs War on Poverty, launched in Au-gust 1964 with the passage of the Economic Opportunity Act as part of his larger Great Society project, proved to be a bold and ambitious series of initiatives fueled by the spirit of 1960s American liberalism. The act created the Job Corps to provide unemployed and underemployed young men with marketable skills, Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA) to tap the great resource of idealistic youth eager to ...
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Page Count: 480
Illustrations: 17 b&w illus.
Publication Year: 2013