They Called Them Soldier Boys
A Texas Infantry Regiment in World War I
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: University of North Texas Press
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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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List of Illustrations
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List of Maps and Tables
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I would like to thank the Donley County Historical Society and the Burton Memorial Library, Clarendon, Texas; the Southwest Collection at Texas Tech University, Lubbock; the Texas State Library and Archives, Austin, Texas; The Abilene Public Library, Abilene, Texas; the Foard County Library, Crowell, Texas; the University of Texas at Arlington Libraries Special Collections Branch; Pat and ...
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In a small Texas town, thousands of miles and nearly a century removed from the battlefields of France, the influence of World War I on the Lone Star State can still be observed. Two worn statues stand on each side of a World War I-era German artillery piece in the courthouse square of Crowell, the county seat of Foard County, Texas, in the northwestern part of the state. The statues are copies of E. ...
Chapter 1 - Recruiting the 7th Texas Infantry
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On April 2, 1917, President Woodrow Wilson addressed a joint session of the United States Congress where he responded to a number of events, including the resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare by Germany and the disclosure of the infamous Zimmerman Telegram. He then asked Congress for a declaration of war. Congress debated the presidentâs request for several days, ...
Chapter 2 - A Portrait of the 7th Texas Infantry
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An examination of the make-up of the 7th Texas Infantry from a socio-economic standpoint off ers a useful composite portrait of its soldiers. Th is serves not only to broaden historical knowledge of those individuals, but also off ers a starting point for comparing them soldiers with others in the state and other sections of the country. Who were those soldiers that Texans asked to uphold its ...
Chapter 3 - Camp Bowie and France
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Although local communities treated the soldiers of the 7th Texas as heroes before the regiment had even left North and Northwest Texas, their arrival at Camp Bowie in the fi rst week of September underscored their lack of training and unfamiliarity with Army ways. Th e companies from Potter, Donley, and Childress counties arrived fi rst, followed by the companies from Hardeman, Foard, and ...
Chapter 4 - “Fit to Get Down to Serious Business”
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Th e 142d Infantry Regiment, still containing a large core of men from the old 7th Texas Infantry and the former 1st Oklahoma Infantry regiments, arrived in France at a critical moment in the war. Th e German Army had launched a massive series of off ensives beginning in March of 1918, which German leaders hoped would end the war before the infl uence of the United States could be felt ...
Chapter 5 - The Western Front, October 6–13, 1918
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As the 142d Infantry marched north out of the French village of Somme-Py, they passed a group of Marines walking south, away from the front. One of those Marines recalled passing âfull strong companies of National Guardsmen. Th ey went up one side of the road; and in ragged columns of twoâs, unsightly even in the dim and fi tful light, the Marines plodded down the other side.â Th e Guard ...
Chapter 6 - The Western Front, October 13–30, 1918
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As the 142d Infantry fi ltered into the lines on the night of October 13, 1918, they were certainly not aware that in several weeks they would have to attack such a strongly fortifi ed position as Forest Farm. Lieutenant Saylesâ weapons platoon dug in on the side of a hill and managed to bring up straw from Vaux to line their holes. Several soldiers also found doors to use as roofs over their fox holes, but it turned ...
Chapter 7 - “Bad Enough at the Best”
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As they left the line near the end of October 1918 and marched to Valmy, James McCan of Quanah recalled that his comrades were âthe worst looking bunch of men you ever saw,â and about âhalf a dozen could barely talk above a whisper as our lungs were full of gas.â From Valmy, the division marched southeast toward the American First Army, to which they had been assigned. Th e division stopped ...
Chapter 8 - Coming Home and the War’s Legacy
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While the soldiers of the old 7th Texas and their comrades in the 142d Infantry and the 36th Division refl ected on their experiences and tried to put into words what they had seen and felt, the press and other observers quickly picked up on the divisionâs exploits. For example, Gen. Stanislas Naulin, commander of the French XXI Corps, under whom the 36th Division served for a time, wrote to ...
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A typical Texas National Guard recruiting poster from the Wichita Daily Colonel Alfred Wainwright Bloor. Colonel Bloor, an Austin attorney, commanded the 7th Texas Infantry, Texas National Guard, and later the 142d Infantry Regiment during World War I (Photo from C. H. Barnes, History of the 142d Infantry of the Thirty-Sixth Division, Octo-ber 15 1917, to June 17, 1919 [Blackwell Job Printing Company, 1922].)...
Page Count: 352
Illustrations: 21 b&w illus. 5 maps.
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: War and the Southwest Series