Savage Frontier Volume IV 1842-1845
Rangers, Riflemen, and Indian Wars in Texas
Publication Year: 2002
Published by: University of North Texas Press
Download PDF (76.8 KB)
Download PDF (105.5 KB)
The completion of this final volume of the Savage Frontier series would not have been possible without the support of several key people. First and foremost, Donaly Brice of the Texas State Archives deserves great credit for his tireless efforts to support the research of this Texas Rangers series during the past ten years...
1. The Vasquez Incursion
Download PDF (195.8 KB)
In his first full year as a Texas Ranger captain, John Coffee Hays had gained the respect of the men he rode with and the men he rode against. His first combat had been under Captain Deaf Smith in 1837 and he had later helped defeat the Comanches in the battle of Plum Creek in August 1840...
2. Spring and Summer Ranger Actions
Download PDF (318.8 KB)
The buildup of volunteer troops in Texas as a result of the Vasquez incursion lasted only for a month. In Goliad, citizen soldiers from Victoria, Jackson, Matagorda and Brazoria counties had remained on station for two weeks under the direction of commander Clark L. Owen before disbanding...
3. Woll Seizes B
Download PDF (146.7 KB)
President Santa Anna was intent on restoring the territory of Texas to Mexico during the summer of 1842 and he urged his Congress to approve a new campaign. He sent orders on June 5 to the new commander in chief of the Army of the North, General Isidro Reyes, to prepare for another attack upon San Antonio. The July battle at Lipantitl
4. Salado Creek Battle: "Give Them Hell!"
Download PDF (236.4 KB)
When Reverend Zachariah [or Zacharius] Morrell reached Seguin on Monday, September 12, he assisted the volunteers in gathering ammunition to use in their attack on General Woll. Recruits poured into Seguin during Monday night. On Tuesday morning, Colonel Caldwell...
5. Hondo Creek Skirmish
Download PDF (179.8 KB)
Colonel Caldwell's volunteers spent a dark, anxious night camped on the Salado following their battle with General Woll's troops. Reverend Zachariah Morrell received word that Captain Dawson's forces had been overrun and massacred. He was deeply worried about the fate of his son, Allen Morrell...
6. The Somervell and Mier Expeditions
Download PDF (228.5 KB)
The Texans had allowed Woll's troops to escape, but they did not give up the plans for revenge and for recapturing their own men. Mathew Caldwell's report indicates that many of his men had returned home but that he planned to reassemble forces in 30 days...
7. "Active, Vigilant and Efficient"
Download PDF (250.8 KB)
The Texas Congress was taxed with creating a new system for protecting its frontiers in the wake of the Mexican incursions of 1842. Citizens from the eastern portions of the state had not been of benefit to the more sparsely settled western counties during the times of crisis. Deciding that reestablishing a formal Texas Army was futile...
8. The Deadly Colts on Walker's Creek
Download PDF (251.9 KB)
The key Indian agent in Texas from the U.S., Pierce Butler, had more resources and thus more negotiating power than Sam Houston's appointed agents. He found the Indians receptive when he called for a meeting of all Plains Indians to be held at Cache Creek of the Red River in December 1843...
9. "I Laid Down to Die"
Download PDF (185.1 KB)
Captain Hays' rangers remained in San Antonio through the latter days of June to let his men recover from their wounds received in the Walker's Creek fight. They were still in town on June 27, when his company completed new muster rolls...
10. The 1845 County Ranging Companies
Download PDF (222.7 KB)
Newly seated President Anson Jones quickly took steps to reimburse the senior ranger commander for the expenses he had incurred while keeping Mexican bandits and Comanches in check throughout 1844. Jones recommended after his December inauguration that the Ninth Congress should pass legislation to settle the various...
11. Rangers in Federal Service
Download PDF (181.4 KB)
U.S. President James Polk did not want war but Mexico's hostile nature had compelled him to move U.S. regular army troops into Texas after the Ninth Congress had voted overwhelmingly in favor of annexation. The impending movement of Texas under control of the United States had brought about discussion of the Texas Rangers in Austin...
Download PDF (122.2 KB)
The Republic of Texas was no more but the legendary Texas Rangers continued by necessity. John Coffee Hays would also continue to be the predominant figurehead of the ranging service even as it came under control of the U.S. military during the Mexican War...
Appendix: Texas Ranger Companies of the Republic of Texas
Download PDF (140.4 KB)
Download PDF (163.6 KB)
Download PDF (111.5 KB)
Download PDF (93.7 KB)
Page Count: 280
Illustrations: 24 b&w illus., 5 maps
Publication Year: 2002