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Multi-Ethnic Bird Guide of the Subantarctic Forests of South America

Ricardo Rozzi and collaborators

Publication Year: 2010

The subantarctic forests of South America are the world’s southernmost forested ecosystems. The birds have sung in these austral forests for millions of years; the Yahgan and Mapuche peoples have handed down their bird stories from generation to generation for hundreds of years. In Multi-ethnic Bird Guide of the Subantarctic Forests of South America, Ricardo Rozzi and his collaborators present a unique combination of bird guide and cultural ethnography. The book includes entries on fifty bird species of southern Chile and Argentina, among them the Magellanic Woodpecker, Rufous-Legged Owl, Ringed Kingfisher, Buff-Necked Ibis, Giant Hummingbird, and Andean Condor. Each bird is named in Yahgan, Mapudungun, Spanish, English, and scientific nomenclature, followed by a description, full color photographs, the bird’s distribution map, habitat and lifestyle, and its history in the region. Each entry is augmented further with indigenous accounts of the bird in history and folklore. “Highly original in its approach of combining information on natural history and biodiversity with information on the region’s human cultural and linguistic diversity.”—Chris Elphick, coauthor of The Sibley Guide to Bird Life and Behavior

Published by: University of North Texas Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

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CONTENTS

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pp. vii-

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FOREWORD

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pp. 9-11

I begin with the following statement from Section III: “Each time we observe a bird, our perception is informed by something of the bird, and something of ourselves—our senses, instruments, and concepts.” Our instruments, surely: we often observe birds with the help of binoculars, which bring the birds closer and reveal detail not revealed to the naked eye. Our senses, not so obviously, but just as surely as our instruments: our eyes perceive the bird’s shape and color. But what is color? It is the ...

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PREFACE

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pp. 13-

The forests of southern Chile and Argentina are unique ecosystems and they are highlighted by their great richness and productivity. A relevant element of their diversity is the avian fauna, which are very close animals for humans; they are in our dreams and our fears, in myths and legends. They are in the stories that our grandparents pass down to us, and they are in the national coat of arms of many nations (e.g. the Andean condor is on the shield of Chile, Bolivia, and Colombia). With their ...

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INTRODUCTION

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pp. 15-37

The bird songs, names and stories recorded on the CDs of this guide book begin with the song of the hummingbird, the cry of the barn owl, the percussion and calls of a woodpecker family, together with the murmur of the Robalo River and the music of Mapuche poet Lorenzo Aillapan’s trutruka. The auditory journey continues with the vocalizations of fifty birds that inhabit the forests of austral South America along with their Yahgan, Mapudungun, Spanish and English names. Then, we present ...

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BRIEF BIOGRAPHIES OF

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pp. 38-39

After the death of her mother, when she was barely 7 years old, she lived with her half-sister Dora and her brother Juan. When she was 14, she worked on the R

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BRIEF BIOGRAPHY OF THE Mapuche Bird-Man or Üñümche

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pp. 40-41

At age 11, Lorenzo went for the first time in primary school (the Methodist School of Rucatraru), and he began to understand the Chilean/Spanish language. After completing his primary education, with the help of the North American benefactors Rann Crawford, Husell Sargent and Nancy Sargent, Lorenzo went to the Methodist Farming School of Nueva Imperial. He also studied at the Men’s High School of Nueva Imperial. Later, he completed his higher education and worked in Santiago, the ...

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Explanation of the Layout Forest Birds

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pp. 42-46

This guidebook includes the names and narratives of fifty bird species. The sequence of birds follows an imaginary journey from the forest interior towards the margins and adjacent open habitats. The order of the bird species in the illustrated text is the same as the sequence of their recorded names in the tracks of the enclosed CD I. The sequence includes: ...

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I. BIRDS OF THE FOREST INTERIOR

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pp. 47-76

The Magellanic Woodpecker is the largest woodpecker species in South America. It belongs to the same genus (Campephilus) as the two largest species of woodpeckers known worldwide: the Imperial Woodpecker (C. imperialis) and the Ivory-Billed Woodpecker (C. principalis). Both species inhabited the forests of North America, and today are presumed to be extinct due to the destruction of their habitats, and hunting pressures. ...

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II. OWLS AND FOREST INTERIOR BIRDS OF PREY

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pp. 77-92

The Rufous-Legged Owl is a close relative of the Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis), who helped to motivate the conservation of the old-growth forests of the Pacific Northwest of the United States and Canada. In the Northern Hemisphere or the Southern Hemisphere, these owls prefer to inhabit old-growth temperate forests with dense canopy cover. From the complex vegetation structure of the austral primary forests, sometimes incorrectly called “overly mature forests,” emerges the powerful, ...

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III. WETLAND BIRDS, ASSOCIATED WITH RIPARIAN, COASTAL OR PRAIRIE HABITATS

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pp. 93-122

It is a conspicuously colored species with an elegant white collar and a blue crest, especially marked in the male. It possesses a long, strong beak that permits it to catch fish in rivers, lakes, channels and fjords of the extreme south. It is frequently observed perched on branches or rocks that overhang rivers or the shoreline. On these, the Ringed Kingfisher waits for the appearance of marine and freshwater fish, crustaceans and larvae that it hunts on the surface of the water or by plunging itself ...

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IV. BIRDS OF THE FOREST MARGINS

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pp. 123-182

In the forests of southern Chile and Argentina, inhabits a Chilean Pigeon or Kono, an endemic pigeon larger than the domestic one so common in the world’s cities. Kono has a beautiful, reddish-chestnut coloration, orange eyes, and an elegant white band at the nape of the neck with a metallic green patch below. It is gregarious, and lives in flocks high in the trees where they eat fleshy fruits like the peumo (Cryptocaria alba), the lingue (Persea lingue), the Winter’s Bark (Drimys winteri) or the olivillo ...

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V. RAPTORS OF THE FORESTS AND ADJACENT HABITATS

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pp. 183-210

This is the most common raptor in and around the austral forests. The Chimango Caracara uses trees to sleep and nest, and builds its large nests with twigs and branches. Although it is mainly a scavenger, it is omnivorous, as well, hunting frogs, lizards, mice, small fish, insects, earthworms, larvae, caterpillars and even slugs. Therefore, it is a very beneficial bird for agriculture. When cows are browsing in the prairies or people are hoeing the land, groups of up to one hundred Chimango ...

THE VOICES AND STORIES MUST CONTINUE

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pp. 211-212

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

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pp. 213-215

SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY

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pp. 216-223

PARTICIPANTS

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pp. 224-

IMAGE CREDITS

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pp. 225-226

INDEXES

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pp. 227-231

RECORDING INDEX

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pp. 232-233


E-ISBN-13: 9781574413458
Print-ISBN-13: 9781574412826

Page Count: 236
Illustrations: 100 color illus.
Publication Year: 2010

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Birdsongs -- Argentina.
  • Birdsongs -- Chile.
  • Yahgan Indians -- Folklore.
  • Mapuche Indians -- Folklore.
  • Forest birds -- Argentina -- Identification.
  • Forest birds -- Argentina -- Names.
  • Forest birds -- Chile -- Names.
  • Forest birds -- Chile -- Identification.
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