The Legacy of American Copper Smelting
Industrial Heritage versus Environmental Policy
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: The University of Tennessee Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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This project was the culmination of the first Michigan Technological Uni-versity (MTU) dissertation in industrial heritage and archaeology, a unique multidisciplinary program dedicated to exploring and understanding the social, cultural, and physical remains of industrial societies. MTU and the social sciences department provided a collegial and engaging academic ...
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Essential for social identity and collective purpose, heritage enriches us through remembered precursors and prospective heirs. But these enduring benefits blind us to a mounting backlash. Age-old aver-sion toward husbanding the past today grows more virulent. nature conservation arouses similar hostility, but animus against heritage is ...
Chapter 1. The Historic Roots of Copper Production and Smelter Pollution
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Copper has been a highly valued commodity in the global economy for eight thousand years. Its use has expanded as its specific properties—ductility, alloy-ability, corrosion-resistance, and conductivity—were successively ex- ploited. Despite its utility, the production of copper consumed significant resources and caused visible and not-so-visible human health threats and ...
Chapter 2. The American System: A Technological Context
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The seriously degraded American copper mining and smelting landscapes that required extensive EPA involvement in the late twentieth century resulted from the ever-increasing and nationally significant role that technology played both in smelting copper ores and in escalating demands for the metal. Were it not for copper’s high conductivity, the rapid spread ...
Chapter 3. Ducktown
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...observations were made on the condition of the vegetation in the neighborhood of the copper smelters during the month of September, 1913. . . . The area affected by the acute form of injury is probably larger than it was in 1905 and 1906. . . . In the worst affected area little herbage is found, and the hills look like a desert with a greatly eroded ...
Chapter 4. Montana
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The city wasn’t pretty. Most of its builders had gone in for gaudiness. Maybe they had been successful at first. Since then the smelters whose brick stacks stuck up tall against a gloomy mountain to the result was an ugly town of forty thousand people, set in an ugly notch between two ugly mountains that had been all dirtied up by mining. ...
Chapter 5. Quincy Smelter
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WHEREAS, the Quincy Smelting works is the last remaining historic smelter left anywhere in the world and reflects smelting technologies WHEREAS, the smelter site continues to severely deteriorate with successful in securing funds to stabilize buildings nor to restore any and Hancock City Councils . . . do hereby support the restoration ...
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Two key factors combined to drive the dramatic technological change in American copper mining and smelting in the nineteenth century. first, cop-per demand increased at such a rate in the industrial and modern periods that supply lines often required significant modifications to existing tech-nologies to achieve ever-greater output and efficiency. Second, expansive ...
Appendix: Mining District Heritage Model
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Publication Year: 2013