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Deaf Sport

The Impact of Sports Within the Deaf Community

David A. Stewart

Publication Year: 1991

Deaf Sport describes the full ramifications of athletics for Deaf people, from the meaning of individual participation to the cultural bonding resulting from their organization. Deaf Sport profiles noted deaf sports figures and the differences particular to Deaf sports, such as the use of sign language for score keeping, officiating, and other communication. This important book analyzes the governing and business aspects of Deaf sport, both local deaf groups and the American Athletic Association of the Deaf and the World Games for the Deaf. It shows the positive psychological and educational impact of Deaf sport, and how it serves to socialize further the geographically dispersed members of the Deaf community. David A. Stewart was Professor in the Department of Counseling, Educational Psychology, and Special Education at Michigan State University in East Lansing, MI.

Published by: Gallaudet University Press

CONTENTS

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pp. v-

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PREFACE

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pp. vii-viii

Sitting before my fellow CISS (Comité International des Sports des Sourds) executives at international meetings I am often awed by the sense of togetherness that we all share. We come from different countries and very different societies around the world. We bring to our meetings...

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INTRODUCTION

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pp. ix-xii

My introduction to the Deaf community came one Saturday night more than fifteen years ago at an ice rink. Sitting on a bench, I paused from lacing my skates to gaze over the hundred or so Deaf people enjoying an evening of skating. At least that's what I thought. For me, an ice rink was always a place to skate, play games of speed...

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1 DEAFSPORT: Portrait of a Deaf Community

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pp. 1-19

There is something about being "Deaf" that is quietly comforting to those who have this identity. It has to do, in part, with American Sign Language (ASL), a language oblivious to the rambling operation of speech. It has to do with experiences among Deaf people that cannot be shared with hearing people....

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2 A LOOK AT DEAFNESS: Redefining Reality

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pp. 20-43

From a cultural perspective, the Deaf population consists of a group of people who have a hearing loss, use signs to communicate, and interact in the Deaf community. The primary sign language of the Deaf community in the United States and most of Canada is ASL, which is symbolic of the linguistic minority status of this group (Padden and Humphries 1988)....

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3 PSYCHOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS for a Denied Minority

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pp. 44-63

Deaf people use ASL to express their thoughts, TDDs to make phone calls, decoders to watch close-captioned television and videos, and signal devices to translate the sound of the doorbell to a visual or tactile medium. All of these tools are seen as accommodations to living in a world that is dominated by the needs of a hearing majority....

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4 PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS of Deaf Sport

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pp. 64-85

The array of opportunities offered in Deaf sport allows deaf individuals to reflect upon their own roles and values in life. The challenge of physical activities, competitive and noncompetitive sports, socialization opportunities, involvement in organizational activities, sign language, immersion in environments where there are few or no hearing persons,...

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5 DEAF IN A HEARING WORLD A Quest for Equity

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pp. 86-110

In the common vernacular used in most literature on deafness, deaf persons are individuals "lacking the full complement of physical and mental capabilities" that are traits of those who possess hearing. The task is then to analyze the effects, which are invariably assumed to be detrimental, of not being a hearing person. This framework typically leads to the assumption that deafness is an abnormal and undesirable trait....

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6 SOCIALIZATION in Deaf Sport

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pp. 111-154

An examination of the social processes that socialize individuals into Deaf or hearing sport reveals the popularity that sport holds for Deaf people. Sport, in general, offers a unique circumstance for the investigation of social processes and relationships (Coakley 1982), and it provides a context for looking at the social behavior ...

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7 THE EDUCATIONAL IMPLICATIONS of Deaf Sport

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pp. 155-174

There are sharp contrasts between the spheres of influence of Deaf sport and deaf education. In Deaf sport the experts are Deaf; in deaf education most of the experts are hearing. In Deaf sport Deaf people administer; in deaf education there are few Deaf people involved in decision-making processes....

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8 DEAF SPORT as a Vehicle for Deaf Integration

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pp. 175-186

At first, the notion of Deaf sport as providing a setting for the integration of deaf individuals with one another appears to contradict prevailing concepts of integration. After all, the schooling of other students within their own ethnic groups is better known as segregation....

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9 FUTURE DIRECTIONS for Deaf Sport

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pp. 187-203

Society is naive about the magnetic pull of the Deaf community. Most people are perplexed as to why Deaf people choose to maintain a distinct cultural identity that separates them from the hearing population. Despite...

REFERENCES

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pp. 204-217

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APPENDIX. National Deaf Sport Organizations

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pp. 218-224

The following list provides quick reference to selected national sport organizations serving the sport and/or recreational interests of Deaf communities in Canada and the United States. Most organizations are run by volunteers and the names and addresses of their contact persons are subject to change...

INDEX

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pp. 225-234


E-ISBN-13: 9781563685163
E-ISBN-10: 1563685167
Print-ISBN-13: 9780930323745
Print-ISBN-10: 0930323742

Page Count: 248
Publication Year: 1991

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Subject Headings

  • Sports for people with disabilities -- United States.
  • Deaf -- United States.
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