A Fair Chance in the Race of Life
The Role of Gallaudet University in Deaf History
Publication Year: 2008
Published by: Gallaudet University Press
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ARTICLES IN THIS collection are adapted in part from the presentations given at the conference â150 Years on Kendall Green: Celebrating Deaf History and Gallaudet,â chaired by Brian Greenwald. The conference marked the celebration of the sesquicentennial anniversary of the beginning of deaf education on Kendall Green. On February 16, 1857, President Franklin Pierce signed into law an act authorizing federal funding ...
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GALLAUDET UNIVERSITY, located on Kendall Green in the northeast quadrant of Washington, D.C., is a long-standing, complex, and diverse institution. Simultaneously a world cultural center, a locus of research on deaf culture, history, and language, an experimental elementary and secondary school, and the primary higher education home of nearly every American deaf leader for well over one hundred years, Gallaudetâs ...
1. A Fair Chance in the Race of Life: Thoughts on the 150th Anniversary of the Founding of the Columbia Institution
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ON THE FOURTH OF JULY 1861, President Abraham Lincoln delivered his first message to the United States Congress, which he had called into special session to deal with the Civil War that had begun three months earlier. Explaining what the North was fighting for in this war, Lincoln said: âThis is essentially a Peopleâs contest. On the side of the Union, it ...
2. John Carlin and Deaf Double-Consciousness
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DU BOISâS FAMOUS ASSERTION IN The Souls of Black Folk (1903) that African Americans have a double-consciousness, a psychic split brought about by living among a white majority that views them with âamused contempt and pity,â potentially illuminates the psychology of many oppressed people.1 According to Du Bois, black Americans internalize ...
3. A Legacy of Leadership: Edward Miner Gallaudet and the Columbia Institution, 1857â1864
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IT IS SAID THAT any new business will either succeed or fail in its first three years of existence. This seems relevant to the Columbia Institution, whose start-up was indeed a bumpy road filled with financial challenges, operating ordeals, and political machinations. Edward Miner Gallaudet was a young man, only twenty years old, when he began his ...
4. The Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet and Alice Cogswell Statue: Controversies and Celebrations
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IN 1883, AT THE SECOND CONVENTION of the National Association of the Deaf (NAD), held in New York City, C. K. W. Strong, a Deaf member from Washington, D.C., proposed that the NAD sponsor the erection of a bronze statue of Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet on the 100th anniversary of Gallaudetâs birth in 1887. The statue would be situated on the grounds ...
5. Two Views on Mathematics Education for Deaf Students: Edward Miner Gallaudet and Amos G. Draper
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ON APRIL 25, 1876, Amos G. Draper, a deaf professor at the National Deaf-Mute College (now Gallaudet University), delivered an oration on âThe Influence of Mathematical Studies upon Personal Character.â He gave the speech during the exercises of the collegeâs regular public anniversary in the District of Columbia. In his presentation, Draper noted that, ...
6. Douglas Craig, 186?-1936
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THE CHILD WAS approximately nine years old, but he did not know his age, could not speak or hear, and could not find his way home. That was the dilemma for an African American boy found on the streets of Washington, D.C., in 1870. New Hampshire Senator Aaron Harrison Cragin just happened to drive by in his buggy that cold wintry night. ...
7. The Women of Kendall Green: Coeducation at Gallaudet, 1860â1910
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COEDUCATION IN AMERICA was a source of controversy during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, delineating distinct boundaries between those who viewed womenâs familial roles as incompatible with classroom education, particularly higher education, and those who saw gender equality in education as an inalienable right. While this issue has ...
8. The Struggle to Educate Black Deaf Schoolchildren in Washington, D.C.
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FOR MANY AMERICANS the chance to obtain an education has been a struggle. Frederick Douglass recounts how during his enslavement his ownerâs wife started teaching him to read only to stop after her husband forbade the lessons. At the risk of severe physical punishment he used every opportunity he could find to continue his education.1 For a great ...
9. George Detmold, The Reformer
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GEORGE DETMOLD BECAME the dean of instruction at Gallaudet College in 1952. He was hired with the primary charge of revamping the college program so that it could be accredited within five years. Detmold was able to enact multiple reforms and carry out many changes in the face of controversy and dissension from (mostly hearing) educators at ...
10. Building Kendall Green: Alumni Support for Gallaudet University
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PHILANTHROPIC SCHOLARS, nonprofit organizations, and foundations recently began looking at traditions of giving outside of majority communities. One study stated that philanthropy in the United States was connected to âa relatively small number of White [hearing] families and individuals who enjoyed access to education, owned major businesses, ...
11. The Power of Place: The Evolution of Kendall Green
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DEAF PEOPLE INHABIT a highly visual world; they have a visual and spatial language, a visually centered way of orienting themselves within the world, and a strong cultural bond built around their shared experiences. It should follow, then, that the places they build be completely responsive to and expressive of the unique physical, cognitive, and cultural ...
12. DPN and the Evolution of the Gallaudet Presidency
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During the first 120 years of its existence, Gallaudet University was led by only four presidents. In the next four years, there were four more. The eighth president was named by the Gallaudet Board of Trustees after an historic protest known as Deaf President Now or DPN. Reading about Gallaudetâs presidents while preparing this chapter was a fascinating ...
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Page Count: 208
Illustrations: 1 figure, 17 photographs
Publication Year: 2008