Women and Deafness
Publication Year: 2006
Published by: Gallaudet University Press
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We began our work on this volume by skirting the issues. As early as 2000 we were having conversations with each other about the absence of published intersectional scholarship in Deaf studies generally. To our knowledge, no single volume of work and even very few articles or essays existed that blended, compared, or complicated what it meant...
In and Out of the Community: Editorsâ Introduction
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This section generally assesses issues of female identity and specifically analyzes the influence of deafness on traditional interpretations of womenâs roles. By addressing both internal community relations and external influences on gender and Deaf cultural identities, these essays expose similarities and differences in the experiences of deaf and hearing women...
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Scholars in Deaf history commonly use the metaphor of home to describe Deaf residential schools because these institutes were the birthplace of Deaf culture.1 Regardless of era or geographic location, residential schools served as surrogate homes for generations of Deaf people, fostering close relationships between students and staff. The structure of residential...
Was Helen Keller Deaf? Blindness, Deafness, and Multiple Identities
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Helen Keller remains, even more than thirty years after her death, the worldâs most famous ââout of the closetââ person with a disabilityâ most certainly the most famous female with a disability. The Alabama native lost both her sight and hearing as the result of an illness at nineteen months of age and became an international star at seven years,...
The Extended Family: Deaf Women in Organizations
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Deaf organizations are the ââextended familyââ in the adult Deaf world.1 After exiting residential schools, Deaf people historically turned to the organizations to maintain their cultural connection with fellow Deaf people.2 Associations specifically offered a place that welcomed signed communication, provided outlets for social and intellectual...
Deaf Women and Inequality in Educational Attainment and Occupational Status: Is Deafness or Femaleness to Blame?
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Research on the effect of disability on socioeconomic status has shown that workers with disabilities are disadvantaged compared to workers without (Berkowitz and Hill 1986; Burkhauser and Haveman 1982; Weaver 1991). Additionally, a substantial amount of evidence suggests that women with disabilities are disadvantaged when compared to men...
(Womenâs) Authority and Shaping Deafness: Editorsâ Introduction
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The issue of authority is a central theme in both Deaf studies and womenâs studies. Throughout American history, both Deaf people and women have had to fight for civil liberties against a domineering society. Citizens who happened to be deaf and female experienced a double share of discrimination: once from society in general and another from...
Marcelina Ruiz Ricote y Ferna
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...teachersâall of them hearingâto instruct the girls in labores, which included sewing, embroidery, crochet, knitting, darning, and so on.3 From 1869 to 1897 the job fell to Marcelina Ruiz Ricote y FernaÂ´ndez. As a single woman obliged to support herself, Ruiz Ricote recognized her studentsâ need to prepare themselves not only for matrimony but also for the...
The Ladies Take Charge: Women Teachers in the Education of Deaf Students
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Educational historians have long been interested in gendered occupational structures; one critical strand is the meanings and tensions generated by the feminization of teaching. The multiple perspectives on the history of women as teachers, however, have tended to set the phenomenon in the context of the common schools. Far less attention has been directed toward women teachers in the field...
ââLike Ordinary Hearing Childrenââ: Mothers Raising Offspring according to Oralist Dictates
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During the early twentieth century, a broad campaign sought to transform maternal practice in the United States. Advice manuals proliferated. Mass-circulation magazines such as Good Housekeeping and the Ladies Home Journal were filled with recommendations about feeding and disciplining infants and children. National womenâs organizations,...
Merging Two Worlds
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On a sunny day in May 2002, Summer Crider was first in line as she marched toward the stage with her graduating class. That she was the valedictorian at Florida School for the Deaf and Blind (FSDB) (instead of her local high school) was no small wonder, considering that she had received one of the first cochlear implants in the state of Florida at...
Reading Deaf Women: Editorsâ Introduction
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The broad theme of this section is the body as a vehicle for cultural manifestation. The essays here explore various corporal characteristics in the expression of Deaf and gendered identity. Brueggemann illustrates the creative, authoritative space offered by deafness for two women during what was an otherwise particularly disadvantaged age for deaf people...
Deaf Eyes: The Allen Sistersâ Photography, 1885â1920
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ââThe Misses Allenââ they were most often calledâpersonally, by those who knew them in Deerfield, Massachusetts, and also professionally, by those critics who wrote about their photography at the time. Although their individual names appear in relationship to a few of their photographs, more often than not they appear as a unit, Mary and...
The Aesthetics of Linguistic Envy: Deafness and Muteness in Children of a Lesser God and The Piano
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In Robert Browningâs poem ââDeaf and Dumb: A Group by Woolner,ââ the qualities of deafness and dumbness are physical obstructions that nevertheless reveal somethingâââthe secret of a sunbeam.ââ1 In Browningâs revelation, the qualities of deafness and dumbness thus function to facilitate the expression of abstract concepts such as love and language, as the...
ââSlain in the Spiritââ
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You have to look hard, but if you drive on the interstate that slices through the head of Columbia, Missouri, you can see a red, brick building flash through the trees: Praise Assembly of God. Praise is a Christian charismatic, Pentecostalist church, and in 1991, Praise became the host site for a small Deaf ministry within its congregation....
How Deaf Women Produce Gendered Signs
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Deaf female teachers of mostly hearing American Sign Language (ASL) learners must attempt to bridge the gap between Deaf culture and the mainstream hearing culture through teaching ASL and Deaf culture. To find out how they construct gender and feminism and then name the cultural sources of their constructions, I conducted an ethnographic...
ââBeautiful, though Deafââ: The Deaf American Beauty Pageant
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The rise and continued popularity of beauty contests in the Deaf world reflect the differing notions of cultural deafness and beauty, both within the Deaf world and in mainstream society.1 These pageants have primarily emphasized the physicality of women, while often downplaying or denying their Deaf cultural identity. At the same time, Deaf...
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Page Count: 312
Illustrations: 4 tables, 15 photos, 11 sign illustrations
Publication Year: 2006