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Sociolinguistics in Deaf Communities

Ceil Lucas, Editor

Publication Year: 1995

The first volume in the new Sociolinguistics in Deaf Communities series presents a rich collection of essays showcasing the breadth and depth of this exciting discipline. Topics of inquiry in the premiere volume include fingerspelling in Langue des Signes Quebecoise (LSQ) in Quebec, Canada; language used by a Navajo family with deaf children; language policy, classroom practice, and multiculturalism in deaf education; aspects of American Sign Language (ASL) discourse and of Filipino Sign Language discourse; and the nature and role of rhetorical language in Deaf social movements. Among the noted contributors are Dominique Machabee, Arlene Blumenthal-Kelly, Jeffrey Davis, Melanie Metzger, Samuel Supalla, Barbara Gerner de Garcia, Liza B. Martinez, Kathy Jankowski, and also Ceil Lucas. Sociolinguistics in Deaf Communities affords an invaluable opportunity to assess up-to-date information on sign language linguistics worldwide and its impact on policy and planning in education, interaction with spoken languages, interpreting, and the issues of empowerment.

Published by: Gallaudet University Press

Contents

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pp. vi-vii

Editorial Advisory Board

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pp. viii-

Contributors

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pp. 9ix-

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Introduction

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pp. x-xi

When I think about the concept of sociolinguistics in Deaf communities, I consistently see an image of a powerful explosion: all over the world, as self-awareness and self-empowerment grow in Deaf communities, issues in all areas of sociolinguistics are emerging. The occurrence and distribution of sign languages throughout the world...

PART ONE: VARIATION

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Sociolinguistic Variation in ASL: The Case of DEAF

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pp. 3-25

Since William C. Stokoe's pioneering work in the 1960s, it has been recognized that natural sign languages are autonomous linguistic systems, structurally independent of the spoken languages with which they may coexist in any given community...

PART TWO: LANGUAGE CONTACT

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Description and Status of Initialized Signs in Quebec Sign Language

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pp. 29-61

The first idea for this work was triggered by the observation that there exists a relationship between the handshape of some signs in Quebec Sign Language (henceforth LSQ) and the first letter of the equivalent written French word. This phenomenon, also observable in other sign languages, is called initialization. It quickly...

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Fingerspelling Interaction: A Set of Deaf Parents and Their Deaf Daughter

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pp. 62-73

Since 1985, the Culture and Communication Studies Program (CCSP), a unit within the Gallaudet Research Institute, has collected ethnographic data on Deaf children of Deaf parents by videotaping these families at home and appending fieldnotes. Spontaneous interaction between children and their parents and other relatives is taped...

PART THREE: MULTILINGUALISM

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A Sociolinguistic Description of Sign Language Use in a Navajo Family

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pp. 77-106

In what is perhaps the most well known quote in the field of sign language studies, George Veditz (1913) stated that "as long as we have deaf people we will have sign language." The fact that deaf people have a strong inclination for developing and acquiring sign language can be traced through history and is common throughout the world....

PART FOUR: LANGUAGE POLICY AND PLANNING

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Politics and Language: American Sign Language and English in Deaf Education

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pp. 109-163

Language and power are essential ingredients of the politics of everyday life. This paper examines the role of American Sign Language (ASL), pedagogical practices, and bureaucratic institutions in the education of deaf children and young adults within the framework of "language planning" (Eastman 1983; Nover and Ruiz 1992; Ruiz 1994; Tollefson 1991)....

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Language and Learning in A Deaf Education Classroom: Practice and Paradox

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pp. 164-220

The relationship between language and learning is interwoven in any classroom, but for deaf students it has most often functioned to impede academic success, not secure it. This ethnographic microanalysis focuses on the language practices of one hearing teacher and the educational and linguistic context within which they take place...

Communication and Language Use in Spanish-Speaking Families with Deaf Children

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pp. 232-263

PART FIVE: DISCOURSE ANALYSIS

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Constructed Dialogue and Constructed Action in American Sign Language

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pp. 255-271

Fifty years ago, the sign language used by Deaf people in the United States was thought to be little more than a primitive form of gesturing used by a group of people who had no real language. However, William Stokoe (1960) began a systematic investigation of these signs based on linguistic principles and discovered, on the basis of the linguistic description of spoken languages, that these signs...

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Turn-Taking and Eye Gaze in Sign Conversations Between Deaf Filipinos

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pp. 272-306

Recent studies of discourse analysis by Thibeault (1993) and Martinez (1993) on a sign conversation between two deaf Filipinos reported some interesting findings. Thibeault's (1993) data revealed a high number of turns with overlap. He described...

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Empowerment from Within: The Deaf Social Movement Providing a Framework for a Multicultural Society

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pp. 307-329

Although the study of social movements by rhetorical scholars is still a relatively new area of study, the tendency has been to treat social movements as marginalized groups trying to establish access to the dominant society. Such an approach is basically an integrationist theory of appeal. Social movements...


E-ISBN-13: 9781563682483
E-ISBN-10: 1563682486
Print-ISBN-13: 9781563680366
Print-ISBN-10: 156368036X

Page Count: 352
Illustrations: 21 tables, 36 figures
Publication Year: 1995

Series Title: Sociolinguistics in Deaf Communities Series
Series Editor Byline: Ceil Lucas