Pinky Extension and Eye Gaze
Language Use in Deaf Communities
Publication Year: 1998
Published by: Gallaudet University Press
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The title of volume 4 of the Sociolinguistics in Deaf Communities series focuses on an aspect of variation in sign languages-pinky extension- and an aspect of sign language discourse-eye gaze-in order to evoke the richness and uniqueness of language use in Deaf communities. Pinky Extension and Eye Gaze: Language Use in Deaf Communities is a ...
Part I. Variation
A Preliminary Examination of Pinky Extension:Suggestions regarding Its Occurrence,Constraints, and Function
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Studies of the phonological and phonetic structure of signed languages have indicated both parallels with and contrasts to the phonological structure of spoken languages. One interesting parallel is the description of the prosodic structure of signed languages. This paper presents findings of a preliminary study of a phonological characteristic of American ...
What Happens in Tactile ASLl
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In American Sign Language (ASL), the receiver watches the signer and receives the communication through a visual mode. However, many Deaf-Blind people use ASL even though they are unable to see the signer. Instead, these Deaf-Blind people put one hand on top of the signer's hand and receive ASL tactilely. What happens when a language that was ...
Part 2. Languages in Contact
Grammatical Constraints on Flngerspelled English Verb Loans In BSL
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Fingerspelling is used in many countries in communication among and with the deaf community. It is an important part of sign languages in countries where deaf people receive regular education and are literate. It has been defined as "delivering a rapid sequence of hand-configurations, each corresponding to a letter of the alphabet" (Padden 1991b). In many ...
Contact between a Sign Language and a Written Language:Character Signs in Taiwan Sign Language
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This article examines a contact situation between Taiwan Sign Language (TSL) and written Chinese that has resulted in the invention of "character signs" —signs that are representations of Chinese characters. The specific claim of the article is that, phonologically, the character signs of TSL are somewhat outside the system. The article is divided into three ...
Part 3. Language in Education
The Relationship of Educational Policy to Language and Cognition in Deaf Children
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Language plays a critical role in the development of cognition and communicative competence in humans. Language is required to process information, construct meaning, and participate in human interaction. Children who have limited language capabilities are disadvantaged learners. Proficiency in language is critical for facilitating communication and ...
Part 4. Discourse Analysis
Conversational Repairs in ASL
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Studies on spoken language conversations indicate that natural languages contain mechanisms called repairs. Repairs are used for handling breakdowns in the conversation but also come into play when a speaker is monitoring and adjusting his or her own utterances. In fact, speakers in conversations are more likely to repair their own utterances than ...
Eye Gaze and Pronominal Reference in American Sign Language
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For many years linguists have focused on the role of the hands in the phonology and syntax of signed languages. More recently, researchers have focused on other aspects of signed languages, including meaningful forms conveyed by body movements, head tilts, and eyebrow, cheek, and mouth movements. These aspects of signed languages, appropriately ...
Spatial Mapping and Involvement in ASL Storytelling
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Spatial mapping is an essential ASL discourse feature and is used by fluent signers throughout discourse. Signers use space and spatial structuring in ASL to help the audience process the flow of information they are watching, structuring it into coherent and cohesive chunks of language. By using space both referentially and prosodically, signers can structure, ...
Part 5. Second-Language Learning
An Acculturation Model for Learners of ASL
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Why do some ASL students learn the target language well while other students struggle? What do the "strong" students have that the weak students do not? For the past few years, educators have been attempting to find the best method for teaching ASL, yet some of our students continue to have problems learning the language. Why? ...
Part 6. Language Attitudes
Irish Sign Language:Ireland's Second Minority Language
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Irish Sign Language (ISL) is the native language of the Irish Deaf community. It is the third indigenous language in Ireland after Irish and English. Over the years, it has been suppressed and subjugated-much like the Irish language-and its use has been forbidden in the schools for Deaf people. More recently, inspired by the Deaf Pride movement in the United ...
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Page Count: 296
Illustrations: 21 tables, 54 figures
Publication Year: 1998