When Robots Kill
Artificial Intelligence under Criminal Law
Publication Year: 2013
Gabriel Hallevy develops a general and legally sophisticated theory of the criminal liability for AI and robotics that covers the manufacturer, programmer, user, and all other entities involved. Identifying and selecting analogous principles from existing criminal law, Hallevy proposes specific ways of thinking through criminal liability for a diverse array of autonomous technologies in a diverse set of circumstances.
Published by: Northeastern University Press
Download PDF (148.8 KB)
Title Page, Copyright
Download PDF (127.8 KB)
Download PDF (104.4 KB)
...1.1.1. History and Prehistory of Artificial Intelligence . 12.3. Criminally Liable Entities for Intentional AI Offenses . 643.3. Criminally Liable Entities for AI Negligence Offenses . 95...
Download PDF (98.7 KB)
...1.1. Target Questions of the Factual Element Components . 31...
Download PDF (144.6 KB)
...the most efficient way to eliminate the threat was to push the In most developed countries, unmanned vehicles, surgical robots, indus-trial robots, trading algorithms, personal robots, and other artificial intel-ligence (ai) entities are in common use. Such use may be personal, medi-cal, military, commercial, or industrial. The question of criminal liability ...
1The emergence of machina SapienS criminaliS
Download PDF (243.8 KB)
Since the dawn of humanity, we have sought tools to make life easier. In the Stone Age, tools were made of stone. As humans discovered the advan-tages of metals, metal replaced stone. With the expansion of knowledge, tools proliferated and played increasing roles in daily human life. Tools were continually challenged by increasingly complicated tasks. When ...
2ai criminal liaBiliTy for inTenTional offenSeS
Download PDF (263.0 KB)
In 1981, a thirty- seven- year- old Japanese employee in a motorcycle factory was killed by an ai robot working near him. The robot identified the em-ployee as a threat to its mission and calculated that the most efficient way to eliminate the threat was to push the worker into an adjacent machine. Using its very powerful hydraulic arm, the robot smashed the surprised ...
3ai criminal liaBiliTy for negligence offenSeS
Download PDF (170.2 KB)
One of the common applications of ai expert systems is medical,1 generally used for more accurate diagnosis. Patient symptoms are entered into the system using visual scanners or other means to capture verbal data, after which the expert system analyzes the factual data and suggests a diagno-sis to the medical staff. Based on machine learning (inductive analysis of ...
4ai criminal liaBiliTy forSTricT liaBiliTy offenSeS
Download PDF (179.2 KB)
The operations carried out by drones are based on artificial intelligence technology. ai drones operate not only on the ground (unmanned vehi-cles), but also in the air and underwater.1 For example, in 2012 the US Navy examined an operative drone that was slated to land on an aircraft carrier, relying on pinpoint cpr coordinates and advanced avionics. Com-...
5applicaBiliTy of general DefenSeSTo ai criminal liaBiliTy
Download PDF (217.5 KB)
Can an ai system be insane? An infant? Intoxicated? Caught in situations of self- defense, necessity, or duress? One of the most common uses of ai technology is for guarding, as noted in chapter 1.1 For example, the South Korean government uses ai robots as soldiers along its border with North Korea, and since 2012 as prison guards.2 This technology faces par-...
Download PDF (192.7 KB)
Is it possible to impose a prison sentence on an ai robot? How can such a punishment be carried out in practice? One of the objectives of the crimi-nal process is sentencing. The legal discussion taking place in court re-garding the criminal liability of the defendant is often considered to be a preliminary discussion before sentencing. Debating the criminal liability ...
Download PDF (98.5 KB)
Criminal liability for artificial intelligence entities may sound radical. For centuries, criminal liability was considered to be part of an exclusively human universe. The first crack in the concept occurred in the seventeenth century, when corporations were admitted into this exclusive club. Cor-porate offenders joined human offenders, as both criminal liability and ...
Download PDF (297.7 KB)
...1. This is the opening example of chapter 2, analyzed there in detail.1. See, for example, aage gerhardt drachmann, the mechanical tech-nology of greek and roman antiquity: a study of the literary sources (1963); j. g. landels, engineering in the ancient world (rev. ed. 2000).2. renÉ descartes, discours de la mÉthode pour bien conduire sa raison ...
Download PDF (265.4 KB)
...franz alexander & hugo staub, the criminal, the judge, and the public franz alexander, our age of unreason: a study of the irrational forces harry e. allen, eric w. carlson, & evalyn c. parks, critical issues in adult Susan M. Allan, No Code Orders v. Resuscitation: The Decision to Withhold Life- Prolonging Treatment from the Terminally Ill, 26 wayne l. rev. 139 ...
Download PDF (104.8 KB)
Page Count: 264
Publication Year: 2013