Preventing Eating-Related and Weight-Related Disorders
Collaborative Research, Advocacy, and Policy Change
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: Wilfrid Laurier University Press
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Over the past decade, there has been an enormous amount of social and professional concern about an array of disorders related to weight, body shape, body image, and eating. On the one hand, there is research that documents that this spectrum of disordered eating and eating disorders is prevalent, serious, and often chronic (Hudson, Hiripi, Pope, & Kessler, 2007; Jones,...
I. Working with Larger and Broader Systems
1. Prevention, Prevention Science, and an Ecological Perspective: A Framework for Programs, Research, and Advocacy
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There are many detailed analyses of the current and increasingly complex state of affairs in the prevention of negative body image, disordered eating, and related conditions such as abuse of steroids and food supplements (Becker, Stice, Shaw, & Woda, 2009; Holt & Ricciardelli, 2008; Levine & Smolak, 2006, 2008, 2009; Piran, 2005, 2010; Sinton & Taylor, 2010; Wilksch...
2. Prevention of Disordered Eating through Structural Change: The Population Health Framework and Lessons from Case Studies in Intensive Community-Based Intervention
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Body dissatisfaction, disordered eating behaviour, and eating disorders have been linked with numerous correlates or risk factors operating at various levels, including the individual level (e.g., the internalization of thinness, body dissatisfaction, perfectionism; see Stice, 2001); the level of one’s family or peer group (e.g., critical comments about body weight...
3. Public Health Interventions for Body Dissatisfaction and Eating Disorders: Learning from Victoria
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The need for the prevention of body image and eating disorders using a public health approach has been increasingly recognized as the extent of the burden of these disorders is better understood. If an effective population- based means of preventing body image and eating disorders could be identified and implemented, much pain and suffering would be alleviated...
4. Mass Media 1: A Primer on Media Literacy’s Role in the Prevention of Negative Body Image and Disordered Eating
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A great deal of research-based evidence supports the proposition that mass media and other socio-cultural factors play a causal role in creating and reinforcing the mediating factors that directly increase the probability of a spectrum of negative body image, disordered eating, and unhealthy methods of managing weight and shape (Grabe, Ward, & Hyde, 2008; Levine...
5. Mass Media 2: Advocacy, Activism, and Social Change in the Digital Era: The Potential of Cyber-Action
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It might not be the first time for some of you to find Margaret Mead’s quote at the beginning of an article or chapter related to advocacy and/or activism. I found this quote several times during my readings. I decided to open this chapter with Mead’s words because, first, I truly believe in the power of people, even if just a few, to generate social change and, second,...
II. Risk, Resilience, and Prevention
6. Risk and Protective Factors in Body Image Problems: Implications for Prevention
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Causal models of the development of body image and eating problems, supported by empirical data, are an important element in designing prevention programs. Indeed, along with an assessment of the needs, strengths, and weaknesses of the target community, such models are arguably the most crucial component for program designers to consider. Knowledge of...
7. The Developmental Theory of Embodiment
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Embodiment has been a construct developed and discussed mostly in the disciplines of philosophy and critical sociology. A definition of the construct, rooted in the writings of Merleau-Ponty (1962) and his students, that is in line with this chapter is the “experience of engagement of the body with the world” (Allan, 2005, p. 177). This definition reflects not only the breadth of possible subjectively perceived embodied experiences...
8. Gender and the Prevention of Eating Disorders
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American boys stage fights and rescues with muscular “action figures” (which are never called “dolls”), while American girls change the clothes of thin but large-breasted Barbie dolls to suit their work and leisure activities. This single difference captures many of the issues to be addressed in this chapter. Children grow up with gendered “ideal” body image prototypes...
9. Eating Disorders and Obesity: Epidemiology and the Perception of Risk
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Risk is difficult to interpret and manage. Even for scientists and clinicians, understanding how risk impacts your life is nearly impossible given the widely varying, and often disparate, messages we receive. Additionally, realizing subtle differences in absolute risk (one’s overall chance of developing diabetes, for example) and relative risk (your change in diabetes risk...
10. Socio-Economic Position, Social Inequality, and Weight-Related Issues
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From a public health perspective, social inequalities in health are a pressing concern (CSDH 2008). Social inequalities in health refer to variation in health outcomes (i.e., morbidity, mortality) that occurs within and between countries, which reflects variation in economic and social circumstances that are unjust, or avoidable (Commission on the Social...
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Publication Year: 2012