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Florence Nightingale: The Crimean War

Collected Works of Florence Nightingale, Volume 14


Publication Year: 2010

Florence Nightingale is famous as the “lady with the lamp” in the Crimean War, 1854—56. There is a massive amount of literature on this work, but, as editor Lynn McDonald shows, it is often erroneous, and films and press reporting on it have been even less accurate. The Crimean War reports on Nightingale’s correspondence from the war hospitals and on the staggering amount of work she did post-war to ensure that the appalling death rate from disease (higher than that from bullets) did not recur.

This volume contains much on Nightingale’s efforts to achieve real reforms. Her well-known, and relatively “sanitized”, evidence to the royal commission on the war is compared with her confidential, much franker, and very thorough Notes on the Health of the British Army, where the full horrors of disease and neglect are laid out, with the names of those responsible.

Published by: Wilfrid Laurier University Press

Series: Collected Works of Florence Nightingale

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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pp. v


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pp. vii

Dramatis Personae

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pp. ix

List of Illustrations

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pp. x

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Florence Nightingale: A Précis of Her Life

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pp. xi-xiv

Florence Nightingale was born in Florence, Italy, 1820, the second daughter of wealthy English parents taking an extended European wedding trip. She was raised in England at country homes, Lea Hurst, in Derbyshire, and Embley, in Hampshire. She was educated largely by her father...

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An Introduction to Volume 14

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pp. 1-40

Florence Nightingale is still, for many people around the world, the heroine of the Crimean War (1854-56), the ‘‘lady with the lamp’’ whose presence on her late-night walks through the Barrack Hospital, Scutari, comforted sick and wounded soldiers. That status as a ‘‘legend in her time,’’ however, has been challenged in recent years. ...

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Key to Editing

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pp. 41-44

All the manuscript material in the Collected Works has been carefully transcribed and verified (see Life and Family Appendix E: Research Methods and Sources for a description of the process of obtaining and processing this information). Illegible words and passages are so...

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Letters from the Crimean War

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pp. 45-438

Although the country had been in the throes of war fever, with troops East for months, and the decision made to invade the Crimea on 28 June 1854, there is nothing to show that Nightingale was concerned about the coming war. On the eve of the war’s first battle, the Alma, on 20 September...

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On Return from the Crimean War [Includes Image Plates]

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pp. 439-572

Nightingale returned from the war exhausted, but utterly dedicated to ensuring that such a calamity would not happen again. She took her first step when she visited Balmoral Castle at the invitation of Queen Victoria. There she took the opportunity to make her case to the war...

Nightingale’s Reports on the Crimean War

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Notes on the Health of the British Army

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pp. 575-888

The significance of Notes on the Health of the British Army, its commissioning, purpose and relationship with ‘‘Answers to Written Questions’’ are all set out above in the Introduction to the volume. This section is an overview of its production and criteria for materials selection. ...

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‘‘Answers to Written Questions’’

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pp. 889-974

‘‘Answers to Written Questions,’’ while Nightingale’s public statement on the Crimean War, is a partial and sanitized document. It is a mere thirty-five pages (albeit on extra-long paper) in the original report, somewhat extended in the revised version of 1859 reproduced here, as compared with 853 pages in the ‘‘confidential report,’’ Notes on the Health of the British Army. ...

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Promotion and Distribution of the Reports

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pp. 975-1053

Nightingale made arrangements for copies of the royal commission report to be sent to key individuals, some with a view to getting a favourable review written, some simply for information. A great deal of care was taken in matching the right reviewer with the right periodical for the best readership.1 ...


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pp. 1054-1059


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pp. 1062-1074

E-ISBN-13: 9781554582457
E-ISBN-10: 1554582458
Print-ISBN-13: 9780889204690
Print-ISBN-10: 0889204691

Page Count: 1096
Publication Year: 2010

Series Title: Collected Works of Florence Nightingale