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Florence Nightingale: The Nightingale School

Collected Works of Florence Nightingale, Volume 12

Lynn McDonald

Publication Year: 2009

Although Florence Nightingale is famous as a nurse, her lifetime’s writing on nursing is scarcely known in the profession. Nursing professors tend to “look to the future, not to the past,” and often ignore her or rely on faulty secondary sources.

Nightingale’s work on nursing is now available to scholars and general readers alike through the publication of volumes 12 and 13 in the Collected Works of Florence Nightingale. Volume 12, The Nightingale School, relates the founding of her school at St Thomas’ Hospital and her guidance of its teaching for the rest of her life. Volume 13, Extending Nursing, relates the introduction of professional training and standards outside St Thomas’, beginning with London hospitals and others in Britain, followed by hospitals in Europe, America, Australia and Canada.

As medical knowledge progressed, nursing practice changed and Nightingale with it. Her evolving views on nursing, and on germ theory (typically misrepresented in the literature), are revealed.

In this volume, editor Lynn McDonald brings to light much unknown material on the early years of the school. The crisis of its near breakdown in the early 1870s is covered, followed by the measures Nightingale brought in to improve instruction, including her mentoring relationships with emerging nursing leaders. Nursing historians may be surprised to learn that Nightingale was keeping up on best operating theatre practices in 1898. Struggles with cost-conscious hospital administrators are part of the story, as is the challenge to keep nurses safe at a time when hospitals were dangerous places.

Published by: Wilfrid Laurier University Press

Title Page, Copyright

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Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-viii

Acknowledgments are due to a large number of individuals and organizations for assistance on this volume, and even more for assistance at various stages in the Collected Works project. First of all acknowledgments are due to the Henry Bonham Carter Will Trust for permission to publish...

Dramatis Personae

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pp. ix-

List of Illustrations

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pp. x-

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Florence Nightingale: A Précis of Her Life

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pp. xi-xiv

Florence Nightingale was born in Florence, Italy, 1820, the second daughter of wealthy English parents taking an extended European wedding trip. She was raised in England at country homes, Lea Hurst, in Derbyshire, and Embley, in Hampshire. She was educated largely by her...

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An Introduction to Volume 12

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pp. 1-43

Florence Nightingale is still probably best known as the major founder of the profession of nursing. This and the next volume repor t the core work she did to establish and oversee the training school established in her name, the Nightingale School at St Thomas’ Hospital, and...

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Key to Editing

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pp. 45-48

All the manuscript material in the Collected Works has been carefully transcribed and verified (see Life and Family Appendix E: Research Methods and Sources for a description of the process of obtaining and processing this information). Illegible words and passages are so indicated, with [illeg] or [?] inserted to indicate our best reading...

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Nightingale’s Preparation for Nursing

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pp. 49-140

Nightingale’s preparation for nursing, apart from visiting hospitals and workhouses when she could as a young woman, consisted of a three-month stay at Kaiserswerth (1851), several months at Paris hospitals (1853), her year and a half as superintendent at the Establishment...

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The Nightingale School in Operation

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pp. 141-514

The Nightingale School that opened 9 July 1860 at St Thomas’ Hospital was the first secular nursing school in the world, and the only one to have been funded solely by private donations to an individual. The reason for choosing St Thomas’ Hospital for the training school, as noted earlier, was the quality of the matron, with a favourable mention...

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State Registration of Nurses

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pp. 515-574

The British Nursing Association (B.N. A.) was founded in 1887 by Ethel Bedford-Fenwick,1 Catherine J. Wood, Isla Stewart and some prominent men doctors, including Dr Bedford-Fenwick. The royal patron was Princess Christian, daughter of Queen Victoria.2 The association became...

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Notes on Nursing: What It Is, and What It Is Not

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pp. 575-712

The seldom-read second or ‘‘librar y standard’’ edition of Nightingale’s most famous book, Notes on Nursing: What It Is and What It Is Not, is published here in full. This is the most elegant of the four editions, and the one sent to Queen Victoria. None was intended for the use

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‘‘Nurses, Training of,’’ and ‘‘Nursing the Sick,’’ in Quain’s Dictionary of Medicine

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pp. 713-754

I n 1876 Nightingale was asked to provide an article on nursing for the Dictionary of Medicine published by Dr Richard Quain (1816-98). Eventually there would be two (consecutive) articles, in dictionary style: ‘‘Nursing, Training of,’’ and ‘‘Nursing the Sick.’’ These articles are immensely useful in tracing the development of Nightingale’s views...

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Florence Nightingale’s Addresses to Nurses

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pp. 755-882

Nightingale wrote some fifteen ‘‘addresses,’’ or lengthy public letters, to probationers and nurses, from 1872 to 1900. With the exception of 1884, for which only a typed copy is available, they were printed. They were usually marked ‘‘for private use only,’’ or with words to that effect, but Nightingale...

Appendixes

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pp. 882-910

Bibliography

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pp. 911-918

Index

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pp. 919-935


E-ISBN-13: 9781554581696
E-ISBN-10: 1554581699
Print-ISBN-13: 9780889204676
Print-ISBN-10: 0889204675

Page Count: 944
Publication Year: 2009

Series Title: Collected Works of Florence Nightingale

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Subject Headings

  • Nightingale, Florence,--1820-1910.
  • Nursing--Europe.
  • Nightingale Training School (London, England)--History.
  • Nursing--Study and teaching--Great Britain--History.
  • Nursing.
  • Nurses--Great Britain--Biography.
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