The Great Archimedes
Publication Year: 2011
In this exclusive English edition of the elucidating and award-winning investigation of Archimedes’ life, Mario Geymonat provides fresh insights into one of the greatest minds in the history of humankind. Archimedes (ca 287 BCE–ca 212 BCE) was a mathematician, physicist, scientist, and engineer. Born in Syracuse, Sicily, the Greek Archimedes was an inventor par excellence. He not only explored the displacement of water and sand, worked out the principle of levers, developed an approximation of pi, discovered ways to determine the areas and volumes of solids, and invented the monumental Archimedes’ screw (a machine for raising water), Archimedes also developed machinery that his fellow Syracusans successfully employed to defend their native city against the Romans. The Great Archimedes is already a highly acclaimed telling of the life and mind of one of antiquity’s most important and innovative thinkers, and, now in translation, it is sure to be cherished by experts and novices alike across the English-speaking world. This wonderfully illustrated and multifarious book is enriched by numerous quotations and testimonies from ancient sources.
Published by: Baylor University Press
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Half Title Page, Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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...ther interest in complex and difficult scientific questions. In ...
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...tist’s dealings in Alexandria. At the height of the third cen-of Colerus’ work with an enigmatic allusion: “Behold,” he saying would be ‘a machine from hell.’” I have always won-are possibly even corrupt; nevertheless, it is useful to recall thus had maintained their status as “allies,” were exempted ...
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As translator and editor, I would like to thank first Mario Geymonat for the opportunity to encounter the great Archimedes in a meaningful way through his Italian original, Il Grande Archimede. I would also like to thank my...
1. The Adventurous Life of a Remarkable Scientist
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Archimedes’ style has a surprisingly personal tone, described ures as formed (or ‘filled’) from their level sections parallel faster intuitive processes. The historical reality is quite dif-as if it were life itself, not simply research for research’s develop in antiquity is a question that requires fuller inquiry ...
2. The Mysterious Greek Letter Pi
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The beginning of Measurement of a Circle in a copy of the Latin translation of Jacopo of Cremona. The translation was rendered in approximately 1450 on the order of Pope Nicholas V and was used by, and half of a circle’s circumference would be equal to three,2calculation of pi, the perimeter of a regular polygon inscribed ...
3. Give Me a Lever Long Enough and I Will Move the World
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...at the achievement, is said to have cried out enthusiastically: as heavy as that of the earth, were it possible to find a fixed tion 10), the triangle (“the center of gravity of any triangle mid-points of the sides intersect,” proposition 14), the trap-“GIVE ME A LEVER LONG ENOUGH AND I WILL MOVE THE WORLD” 25 ...
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...address this topic in his treatise. In the letter of dedication The development of the spiral studied by Archimedes in an Ionic capital of the Temple of Portunus (formerly known as Fortuna Virilis) in Rome, constructed during the second century BC and preserved it, I have found it!” It is an expression used cross-culturally ...
5. Archimedes' Magnum Opus "On the Sphere and the Cylinder"
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...hypothesis by bringing it to an absurd, even “meaningless,” cepts, such as “concavity” (in the definitions for book I), that is to say, ”the shortest distance between two points is a The volume of a sphere is four times the volume of the cone that has as a base the maximum circle and as a height the radius of the sphere....
6. How Many Grains of Sand Does It Take To Fill the Universe
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Frontispiece of the first modern edition of Archimedes, published at Basel in 1544. It represents the Greek text of both works of commentary of Eutocius and a complete Latin translation. Thereafter the base of readers of Archimedes throughout Europe would expand and, within a few years, would form a daringly innovative scientific ...
7. Archimedes as Civil and Military Engineer
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...a special place. It was, in all likelihood, the largest vessel of System of winches and pulleys (also known as Archimedes’ block and tackle) invented to move with little effort even very large weights, such as the ship Syracusia, here depicted in a reconstruction by Gian Maria Sicilian city’s wealth and political sway. In a gesture suited ...
8. An Original and Persuasive Method
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Archimedes’ ancient text, copied afresh in the tenth century, ...
9. Archimedes and the Poets Catullus, Horace, and Virgil
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...tist begins with a metrical unit known as a “cretic” (long–earth’s radius, and the Latin word radius (line 41 of Virgil’s poem) signifies the “radius of a circle,” which is one of the Parabola. In the verses of Catullus, as well as later, in those ...
10. The "Myth" of Archimedes, Yesterday and Today
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...ies of legend.”1 It is no surprise that the possessor of such and the Cylinder, specifically introducing “infinitely small” magnitudes (the first stage of today’s infinitesimal analysis) One of the more serious and established Italian mathematical journals ...
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Page Count: 125
Publication Year: 2011