Mapping the Jewish World
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: NYU Press
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Conventional thinking about Jewish history has pivoted around a number of key dates, going from 70 CE with the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem by the Romans to 1492 and the expulsion from Spain. Most commentators would agree that 1881 with the outbreak of the pogroms in the Czarist empire, ...
Part I: Global Ties
1. Living Locally, Organizing Nationally, and Thinking Globally: The View from the United States
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The 1929 volume of the American Jewish Yearbook included a lengthy obituary for Louis Marshall, a constitutional lawyer and American Jewish communal activist who died that year while attending a Zionist conference in Lausanne, Switzerland. Marshall, decidedly not a Zionist, ...
2. Jewish Diplomacy at a Crossroads
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Three personal ends and one institutional beginning that took place within slightly more than a year of one another offer a way of understanding Jewish diplomacy in the year 1929. Those events, when taken together, symbolize the waning of one approach to a fundamental problem of modern Jewish politics ...
3. The Stalinist “Great Break” in Yiddishland
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The year 1929 marked the end of a five-year “romantic” period in Soviet Jewish history. This period started around 1924, when the Soviet regime began to deal much more seriously with issues related to Jews, while previously the state and party apparatus responsible for Jewish affairs was involved largely with testing its propaganda function. ...
4. Permanent Transit: Jewish Migration during the Interwar Period
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On a night in late April 1929 Benjamin M. Day, commissioner of immigration, attended a Passover Seder at Ellis Island, together with 150 people, many of them Jewish immigrants. According to the New York Times, “he instructed all departments to lend every possible hand in permitting the fullest enjoyment of the festival in true holiday fashion.”1 ...
5. Polish Jewry, American Jewish Immigrant Philanthropy, and the Crisis of 1929
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It was a particularly cold morning on December 12, 1930, when thousands lined up in front of the Bank of United States on Orchard Street to withdraw their savings. Founded in 1913 by Jacob Marcus, the Bank of United States stood as a celebrated symbol of Jewish economic success. ...
6. Jewish American Philanthropy and the Crisis of 1929: The Case of OZE-TOZ and the JDC
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“It is very beautiful for Lord Rothschild, Sir Samuel Intone and other Europeans to pass the buck to us,” wrote Louis Marshall to Joseph Hyman. Marshall, the vice president of the Joint Distribution Committee and chairman of the Agro-Joint, continued in this letter to Hyman, the JDC’s vice chairman, ...
7. Territorialism and the ICOR “American Commission of Scientists and Experts” to the Soviet Far East
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Most of the world remembers the year 1929 for the New York stockmarket crash at the end of October, ushering in what became known as the Great Depression. For American Jewish Communists, though, there were other issues that same year perhaps more significant. ...
Part II: Local Stories
8. From Universal Values to Cultural Representations
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1929 was a crucial year in the history of the Marxist movement in Eretz-Israel/Palestine. After a decade of stimulating circulation of Marxist ideology and the establishment of local Communist parties that were declared official branches of the world communist movement—the Comintern—by 1929, ...
9. The Struggle over Yiddish in Postimmigrant America
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In 1930, the first convention of the recently formed Yidishe kulturgezelshaft (Yiddish Cultural Society) in New York provided the Yiddish journalist Bentsien Goldberg—the son-in-law of Sholem Aleichem—an opportunity to reflect on the differences between Yiddish culture in the United States and in eastern Europe. ...
10. When the Local Trumps the Global: The Jewish World of São Paulo, Brazil, 1924–1940
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I am not sure if 1929 was a particularly significant year for Jews in Brazil. 1930—perhaps? That year a golpe de estado brought Getúlio Vargas to power, eventually leading to a protofascist dictatorship that had a profound impact on both Jewish immigration and images of Jews, both positive and negative. ...
Part III: Literature
11. Patterning a New Life: American Jewish Literature in 1929
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The notion of delimiting the object of literary analysis to texts produced in a specific year—in this case, American Jewish texts produced in 1929—might make a critic conceive a project in two ways. One might tackle the project historically (or diachronically) in an attempt to determine how the American Jewish literature of 1929 arose, ...
12. David Vogel: Married Life 1929
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During the period of transition from Haskalah literature to the literature of the so-called revival (1880 to 1920), Jewish intellectuals, many of them writers, debated the future and nature of Hebrew literature, drawing up prescriptive lists of what the literature should or should not do. ...
13. Radical Conservatism: Bashevis’s Dismissal of Modernism
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Warsaw in 1929, the publishing house of Boris Kletskin brought out a miscellany titled Amol in a yoyvl. Bearing the subtitle zamlbukh far beletristik, this volume contained a selection of poetry and prose by some of the leading Yiddish writers of the day, including Kadia Molodowsky, Rokhl Korn, Meylekh Ravitsh, and Yehoshue Perle. ...
14. Desire, Destiny, and Death: Fantasy and Reality in Soviet Yiddish Literature around 1929
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1929 was the last year when texts that openly challenged the proletarian aesthetics could still appear in the Soviet Union, but this was also a year when a series of high-profile ideological campaigns against prominent writers made it clear that this kind of writing would not be tolerated any longer. ...
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Page Count: 240
Publication Year: 2013