Prostitution, Modernity, and the Making of the Cuban Republic, 1840-1920
Publication Year: 2013
Sippial shows how prostitution became a prism through which Cuba's hopes and fears were refracted. Widespread debate about prostitution created a forum in which issues of public morality, urbanity, modernity, and national identity were discussed with consequences not only for the capital city of Havana but also for the entire Cuban nation.
Republican social reformers ultimately recast Cuban prostitutes--and the island as a whole--as victims of colonial exploitation who could be saved only by a government committed to progressive reforms in line with other modernizing nations of the world. By 1913, Cuba had abolished the official regulation of prostitution, embracing a public health program that targeted the entire population, not just prostitutes. Sippial thus demonstrates the central role the debate about prostitution played in defining republican ideals in independent Cuba.
Published by: The University of North Carolina Press
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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication, Quote
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illustrations and tables
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Contemporary view of the site of the San Francisco de Paula Hospital [ 35 ]Sleeping quarters for white patients at Havana’s hygiene hospital [ 78 ]Contemporary view of houses in Havana’s San Isidro neighborhood [ 103 ]External view of the Department of Immigration at Tiscornia [ 130 ]Map of Havana (1909) showing the parameters of the tolerance zone [ 143 ]...
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I owe a debt of gratitude to so many people who have encouraged me along this journey. First and foremost, I would like to thank my friends and col-leagues at Auburn University who welcomed me in 2007 with open arms and are truly dream colleagues in every sense of the word. I am especially indebted to Morris Bian, Donna Bohanan, Christopher Ferguson, Charles ...
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Deviance is not a quality that lies in behavior itself, but in the interaction between those who commit an act and those who respond to it.Cities . . . are made of desires and fears, even if the thread of their discourse is secret, their rules are absurd, their perspectives A city map off ers a glimpse into a society’s hopes, dreams, fears, and desires. ...
CHAPTER ONE: Zones of Delinquency, Zones of Desire: Locating Public Women in the Walled City, 1840–1868
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The city is a map of the hierarchy of desire, from the valorized to the stigmatized. It is divided into zones dictated by the way its citizens value or denigrate their needs. Separating the city into areas of specialization makes it possible to meet some needs more effi ciently; it is also an attempt to reduce confl ict between opposing sets of desires and the roles people adopt ...
CHAPTER TWO: Sex, War, and Disease in the Tropics Colonial Conflict and the Cuban Social Body, 1868–1886
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...a quota which does not even correspond to fi rst-class brothels, despite the fact that Chapter XXII, Article V of the current General Hygiene Regulation states that the monthly quota for third-class casas de recibir is eight pesos per month.—Candelaria Ruiz, Dolores Taronel, Felisia Roig, María Marcos, Amalia Lorente, Micaela Martínez, Josefa Mella, and Ana Madruga, grievance fi led with Hygiene ...
CHAPTER THREE: We the Horizontals: Redefining Citizenship and Challenging Colonial Authority, 1886–1890
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Those ominous days of grin-and-bear-it are gone, never to return.Between 1886 and 1890 Cuba entered a new phase of political, economic, social, and demographic transition. The end of the Ten Years’ War (1868–78) and the Guerra Chiquita (1879–80) spurred massive foreign immigration to the island, primarily from Spain and the Canary Islands. According to his-...
CHAPTER FOUR: A Pearl in the Mud Social Regeneration, U.S. Intervention, and the Demise of the Colonial Order, 1890–1902
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In the fi rst sixty days of American occupation and control . . . the twig was bent for future growth. Whether the grown tree shall bear the fruit of national independence or of colonial dependence or of complete political assimilation depends largely upon the development and conditions of the future.Prostitution [in Cuba] . . . has changed in form but not essence. ...
CHAPTER FIVE: On the Road to Moral Progress: The New Republic and the Abolition of Regulated Prostitution, 1902–1925
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The Americans outlawed cockfi ghts, bullfi ghts, and the lottery. . . . Why then did they leave public prostitution? In the United States it does not exist, it is not permitted; nor is it permitted in other civilized countries.With the establishment of the republic in 1902, and the fi nal withdrawal of U.S. troops from the island in 1909, Cubans expressed lingering concerns ...
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This study of Cuban prostitution is fi rmly grounded in a desire to under-stand the untidy dynamics of nation building in a colonial and postcolonial setting. Unlike in many other Latin American countries, prostitution reg-ulation in Cuba during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries was essentially a colonial project fi rst implemented by Spain and then bolstered ...
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Tiff any A. Sippial, Prostitution, Modernity, and the Making of the Cuban Republic, 1840–1920 Kathleen López, Chinese Cubans: A Transnational History (2013).Lillian Guerra, Visions of Power in Cuba: Revolution, Redemption, and Resistance, 1959–1971 Carrie Hamilton, Sexual Revolutions in Cuba: Passion, Politics, and Memory (2012).Sherry Johnson, Climate and Catastrophe in Cuba and the Atlantic World during the Age of ...
Page Count: 256
Illustrations: 2 line drawings, 1 map
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Envisioning Cuba