What's Wrong with the Poor?
Psychiatry, Race, and the War on Poverty
Publication Year: 2013
Raz analyzes the political and cultural context that led child mental health experts, educators, and policymakers to embrace this deprivation-based theory and its translation into liberal social policy. Deprivation theory, she shows, continues to haunt social policy today, profoundly shaping how both health professionals and educators view children from low-income and culturally and linguistically diverse homes.
Published by: The University of North Carolina Press
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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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It is a gr eat pleasur e to acknowledge the many people who have sup-ported me throughout this project. I began this research while a Polonsky Postdoctoral Fellow at the Van Leer Jerusalem Institute in 2009. I am grate-ful to Gabriel Motzkin and the administrative staff who supported my work and my archival research. As a historian of American psychiatry working in ...
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At a White House after noon tea in February 1965, Lady Bird John-son announced the establishment of Project Head Start, an early childhood educational program that would serve children—many of them African American—from low-income homes. Designed and administered by the Office of Economic Opportunity, this new program drew much media at-...
CHAPTER ONE: A Mother’s Touch?: From Deprivation to Day Care
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...pointed as a short-term consultant to the World Health Organization on the subject of homeless children in post–World War II Europe. This position proved to be a turning point in his career. Bowlby, who had previously con-ducted research on the impact of children’s separation from their mothers or mother-substitutes early in life, had a long-standing interest in what he later ...
CHAPTER TWO: Cultural Deprivation?: Race, Deprivation, and the Nature-Nurture Debate
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During the 1960s, cultural deprivation was the conceptual axis by which poverty and its long-term detrimental effects were viewed. The theory of cultural deprivation considered poverty not simply an economic condition but rather a distinct sociocultural pathology that caused academic and even intellectual disadvantage and social disability. Even worse, it created an ad-...
CHAPTER THREE: Targeting Deprivation: Early Enrichment and Community Action
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In 1967, journalist Fred Powledge published a short book describing the early intervention program run by psychologist Martin Deutsch at New York City’s Institute for Developmental Studies (IDS). This preschool program, which had opened its doors in 1962 to African American children in Har-lem, later served as a model for Project Head Start. Funded by the Anti-...
CHAPTER FOUR: Deprivation and Intellectual Disability: From “Mild Mental Retardation” to Resegregation
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In the late 1950s and 1960s, child mental health experts created a new category of disability: “mild mental retardation” caused by deprivation.1Profoundly influencing public policy, this diagnosis was as a highly political category and had far-reaching practical implications.2 The diagnosis of “mild mental retardation” was often the first step in placing children in separate ...
CHAPTER FIVE: Environmental Psychology and the Race Riots
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On a spring night in 1964, as Catherine Genovese was returning to her New York apartment from her work as a night manager at a bar, she was raped and murdered. Initial reports (later found to be unsubstantiated) indicated that as many as thirty-eight of her neighbors witnessed the attack or heard her screams, and none had called the police or offered their help.1 The crime ...
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During the 2012 R epub.alican pr esidential prim.aaries, former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich argued that children from low-income families lacked role models to teach them the importance of a good work ethic; they thus failed to understand the concept of “showing up on Monday and staying all day.” They should be employed, he suggested, in jobs such as ...
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Nancy M. P. King, Gail E. Henderson, and Jane Stein, eds., Beyond Regulations: Laurie Zoloth, Health Care and the Ethics of Encounter: A Jewish Discussion of Susan M. Reverby, ed., Tuskegee’s Truths: Rethinking the Tuskegee Syphilis Beatrix Hoffman, The Wages of Sickness: The Politics of Health Insurance in Margarete Sandelowski, Devices and Desires: Gender, Technology, and American ...
Page Count: 264
Illustrations: 2 line drawings, 1 map
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Studies in Social Medicine