The Formation of Candomblé
Vodun History and Ritual in Brazil
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: The University of North Carolina Press
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Title Page, Copyright Page
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The result of more than seven years of research, this book aims to recover the historical memory of a group that is largely forgotten, both within Afro-Brazilian studies and among Candombl? practitioners. The prestige of the Jeje nation within Candombl?1 is still recognized among religious experts, and scholars do refer occasionally to certain aspects of its ritual practice. However, ...
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This book is the result of a long research process that would have been impos-sible without the help of a great many people and institutions to whom I would like to express my gratitude. First, I would like to give my thanks to those more elderly individuals who very patiently shared their time and wisdom with me: the late Humbono Vicente Paulo dos Santos, the late Gaiaku Luiza ...
Note on Names and Abbreviations
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1 Between Two Coasts: Nations, Ethnicities, Ports, and the Slave Trade
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This chapter reflects on the so-called Jeje nation based on an analysis of the context of West Africa and the historiography of this ethnonym in relation to the slave trade. Before evaluating who the Jeje were, however, it is important to understand what the term nation meant in the seventeenth and eighteenth Along with other terms such as country or kingdom, nation was used at that ...
2 The Formation of a Jeje Ethnic Identity in Bahia in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
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Having reviewed the Portuguese and Bahian slave trade on the Mina Coast, we can now examine the possible processes that led to the formation of a Jeje ethnic identity among the African population in Bahia in the eighteenth and first half of the nineteenth centuries. What was the demographic importance Unfortunately, the data on the evolution and demographic structure of the ...
3 From Calundu to Candomblé: The Formative Process of Afro-Brazilian Religion
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The dialogic dynamic of ethnic differentiation among the diverse nations ana-lyzed here found a privileged context for expression early on in the blacks? festive gatherings and in their religious practices of African origin. As early as the eighteenth century, in a frequently cited letter from Martinho de Mello e Castro, Count of Povolide, dated June 10, 1780, there is talk of the festivities ...
4 The Jeje Contribution to the Institutionalization of Candomblé in the Nineteenth Century
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Although they could be restricted to the domestic sphere, the religious prac-tices based on the ?altar-offering complex??and their extension into public ceremonies of drumming, dance, and the manifestation of multiple deities in the bodies of their adepts?tended to be organized in private spaces reserved for such purposes. The increased ritual complexity and the maintenance of ...
5 Bogum and Roça de Cima: The Parallel History of Two Jeje Terreiros in the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century
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This chapter examines historical information from the second half of the nineteenth century regarding two Jeje terreiros: Bogum in Salvador and the terreiro known as Ro?a de Cima (which could be translated roughly as ?the upper farm?) in Cachoeira. Seja Hund? (also known as Ro?a do Ventura) arose from Ro?a de Cima at the end of the century. The two terreiros maintained ...
6 Leadership and Internal Dynamic of the Bogum and Seja Hundé Terreiros in the Twentieth Century
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Continuing with the historical reconstruction of the Bogum and Seja Hund? terreiros, this chapter examines the leadership and internal dynamic of these congregations in the twentieth century. Additionally, the end of the chapter presents information on other Jeje terreiros that operated during the same period. I discuss Seja Hund? first, beginning with table 5, which presents the ...
7 The Jeje Pantheon and Its Transformations
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Having reconstructed the microhistory of the Jeje-Mahi terreiros of Salvador and Cachoeira, I will now examine their religious system, beginning, in this chapter, with the spiritual entities or voduns, and the internal dynamic of the ?pantheons? into which they are organized. Continuing with a topic high-lighted in chapter 4, in the first part of this chapter I analyze one of the aspects ...
8 The Ritual: Characteristics of the Jeje-Mahi Liturgy in Bahia
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The objective of this final chapter is to examine certain liturgical characteris-tics of the Jeje-Mahi terreiros of Salvador and Cachoeira in order to evaluate those elements that differentiate the ?Jeje nation? from other religious tra-ditions within Candombl?. This highly ethnographic and descriptive task is not easy. As in many other social institutions, in Candombl? knowledge is ...
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Despite the detail given to certain aspects of Jeje liturgy, this book is far from exhaustive. There are yet other important rituals, such as the zelim funeral rites,which present singularities that differentiate them from homologous rituals performed in the candombl?s of other nations. However, they do not consti-tute ritual segments that practitioners identify as exclusive to the Jeje nation, ...
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Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Latin America in Translation/en Traducción/em Tradução