The Tuscarora War
Indians, Settlers, and the Fight for the Carolina Colonies
Publication Year: 2013
La Vere details the innovative fortifications produced by the Tuscaroras, chronicles the colony's new practice of enslaving all captives and selling them out of country, and shows how both sides drew support from forces far outside the colony's borders. In these ways and others, La Vere concludes, this merciless war pointed a new direction in the development of the future state of North Carolina.
Published by: The University of North Carolina Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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It was a hard place. Geography and climate worked against North Caro-lina, making it a hot, wet, humid country with more water than dry land. Indians had long adapted to it, but European settlers found it tough going. Down among the pine barrens, dreams that began with so much promise withered in the summer heat. Reality met ideals along the dark rivers and ...
Introduction—The Makings of a War
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Even God seemed to hate North Carolina. Evidence of this appeared defi -nite by the late summer of 1711. When King Charles II granted the colony to the Lords Proprietors back in 1663, these eight English lords imagined a steady fl ow of American wealth into their pockets. Now almost fi ft y years later, North Carolina was one of the poorer, if not the poorest, of ...
1. Christopher de Graff enried—The Dreamer
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It was a pleasant late-summer day, around the eleventh or twelft h of Sep-tember 1711. Baron Christopher de Graff enried, John Lawson, the sur-veyor general for the colony of North Carolina, and Christopher Gale, its chief justice, had decided to make a trip up the Neuse River. 1 Since De Graff enried’s colony of Swiss and German Palatines at the mouth of ...
2. King Hancock and Core Tom—The Defenders
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Once De Graff enried, Lawson, and their two slaves appeared before him, King Hancock of Catechna town found himself caught in his own bad situation. He had sent his warriors only to turn them back, prevent them from venturing further into Tuscarora territory. He had no intention of taking the men captive. But the war party overstepped its orders. Think-...
3. William Brice—The Fighter
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The watershed in men’s lives comes at diff erent times. For Christopher de Graff enried and William Brice, two neighbors on the Neuse River, they overlapped. Brice had been living on Brice’s Creek, a tributary of the Trent River just south of the mouth of the Neuse, when De Graff enried and his colonists moved in. Almost immediately the two men clashed. ...
4. Col. John Barnwell—The Opportunist
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It took almost a month for news of the September 22 attacks to reach Charles Town, South Carolina. A black slave named Fenwick began spreading a rather sketchy account of an Indian attack in North Caro-lina, but no one knew how he learned of it or even exactly what he told. Nevertheless, his story worried the citizens of that thriving town and ...
5. Thomas Pollock—The Destroyer
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The arrival of Barnwell’s army in Bath truly was a boost for the colonists of North Carolina. Here stood visible evidence that they were not alone in this. Many believed that the tide of war had already turned and it would only be a short time before Barnwell destroyed the Tuscaroras and their allies. Barnwell’s army also gave confi dence to the North Carolina gov-...
6. King Tom Blount—The Negotiator
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Barnwell thought he had achieved a great victory. In reality, he had left the Tuscaroras as strong as ever, though their Indian allies had certainly been hit hard by the surprise attack on Core Town. As for the Tuscaroras, Thomas Pollock calculated that Barnwell had only killed about thirty of them. They were, if anything, he believed, more confi dent, even to the ...
7. Col. James Moore—The Soldier
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It would have been easy for South Carolina to wash its hands of North Carolina. Offi cials had already appropriated £4,000 pounds to prosecute the war, sent an expedition commanded by the experienced Col. Barn-well, forced a peace treaty with the Tuscaroras, and still North Carolina wanted more. Once again, South Carolina did not hesitate. On August 6, ...
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For North Carolina, it had been a tough, costly victory. But a victory nonetheless. As Thomas Pollock saw it, the colony had survived in the face of extreme dangers. But now it was a new day and he saw a new North Carolina coming. “The fi re of diff erence and division amongst the people being in a manner extinguished, most of our Indian enemies killed, taken, ...
A Note from the Author
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This was the fi rst time biography played a major role in my historical writing. So as I got closer to these eight men—Christopher de Graff enried, King Hancock, Core Tom, William Brice, Col. John Barnwell, Thomas Pollock, King Tom Blount, and Col. James Moore—the more my preconceived notions about them changed. Of course, the most mysterious of all of them are the Indians—King Hancock, ...
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Though my name will be put down as the author, all historians know that a book is an endeavor done by so many more people. First and foremost, I would like to thank Dr. Alan Watson, my colleague at the University of North Carolina Wilmington, whom I consider the best and most knowledgeable historian of North Carolina’s colonial period. A kind man and a true gentleman, he allowed me to pester him con-...
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Page Count: 272
Illustrations: 2 line drawings, 1 map
Publication Year: 2013