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Ireland in the Virginian Sea

Colonialism in the British Atlantic

Audrey Horning

Publication Year: 2013

In the late sixteenth century, the English started expanding westward, establishing control over parts of neighboring Ireland as well as exploring and later colonizing distant North America. Audrey Horning deftly examines the relationship between British colonization efforts in both locales, depicting their close interconnection as fields for colonial experimentation. Focusing on the Ulster Plantation in the north of Ireland and the Jamestown settlement in the Chesapeake, she challenges the notion that Ireland merely served as a testing ground for British expansion into North America. Horning instead analyzes the people, financial networks, and information that circulated through and connected English plantations on either side of the Atlantic.

Published by: The University of North Carolina Press

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. i-vi

Preface

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pp. vii-x

Acknowledgements

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pp. xi-xiv

Contents

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pp. xv-xvi

List of Illustrations

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pp. xvii-xx

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Intorduction: Ireland and the Virginian Sea

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pp. 1-16

“I had rather labour with my hands in the plantation of Ulster,” declared Sir Arthur Chichester, accomplished military man and Lord Deputy of Ireland, “than dance or play in that of Virginia.” Chichester’s 1610 statement references the contemporary entanglement of two of England’s colonial...

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Chapter One: Toward a Colonial Ireland? The Sixteenth Century

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pp. 17-100

The idea of Ireland as a testing ground for Elizabeth’s New World colonial adventures hinges upon the sixteenth-century actions of the English in Ireland and their changing attitudes toward their western neighbor. In the wake of the Reformation, recalcitrant Catholic Ireland served...

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Chapter Two: Across the Virginian Sea: Contact and Encounter

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pp. 101-176

Following the cessation of the sixteen-year-long Anglo-Spanish War and the concomitant end of armed conflict in Ireland in the wake of Hugh O’Neill’s 1603 submission, England once again began focusing upon the territories of the New World. Spurred by the 1598 publication of the...

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Chapter Three: Laboring in the Fields of Ulster

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pp. 177-2170

The twenty-year period between the establishment of the last ill-fated colony at Roanoke in 1587 and the successful foothold gained by England at Jamestown in 1607 saw England’s efforts to control Ireland devolve into outright warfare, ultimately delivering political control to the...

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Chapter Four: Creating Colonial Virginia

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pp. 271-352

Nine months before the September 1607 Flight of the Earls provided individuals like Sir Arthur Chichester, Sir John Davies, and Sir Thomas Phillips with the opportunity to compile their varying designs for the plantation of Ulster, three small ships set sail from London charged with...

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Conclusion: Convergence and Divergence: Ireland and America

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pp. 353-368

Fynes Moryson was both correct and incorrect in situating Ireland in the Virginian Sea. He knew that his readership would be familiar, and perhaps even directly involved, in New World expansion. As the quintessential traveler, known for his chronicles of Turkey, Bohemia, Poland, and Germany...

Index

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pp. 369-385


E-ISBN-13: 9781469611358
E-ISBN-10: 146961135X
Print-ISBN-13: 9781469610726
Print-ISBN-10: 1469610728

Page Count: 408
Illustrations: 33 halftones
Publication Year: 2013

Series Title: Published for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, Williamsburg, Virginia

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Subject Headings

  • Great Britain -- Colonies -- History -- 16th century.
  • Colonization -- History -- 16th century.
  • Ireland -- Colonization -- History -- 16th century.
  • Virginia -- Colonization -- History -- 16th century.
  • North Atlantic Region -- History -- 16th century.
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