Love in the Time of Revolution
Transatlantic Literary Radicalism and Historical Change, 1793-1818
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: The University of North Carolina Press
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List of Illustrations
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PROLOGUE: A Revolution in Favor of Love
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Gilbert Imlay was a citizen of the United States, and Mary Wollstonecraft a subject of George III of Great Britain. He avoided confrontation, she em-braced it. He had been a soldier and speculator, she a teacher and govern-ess. They were both writers. His Topographical Description of the Interior of North America had appeared in 1791, and he would soon publish a novel, ...
1 “Quite Alone in a Crowd,”
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Armed with a letter of credit for thirty pounds from her publisher, Mary Wollstonecraft traveled from London to Paris in December 1792 determined to experiment with the possibilities of life at the epicenter of revolution. She was thirty-three years old and the acclaimed author of A Vindication of the Rights of Woman. In many ways, the journey was an affirmation of her hard-...
2 A “Very Sensible” American
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April came at last. Winter was over, and with it went Mary Wollstonecraft?s melancholy mood. Life was better, mainly because she was no longer alone. She had found friends within a community of English-speaking writers, some of whom she had known in London. Through Thomas Paine, she had become acquainted with French men and women such as Jacques-Pierre ...
3 “I Wish to Be Necessary to You,”
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Jacques-Pierre Brissot de Warville and his allies were in serious trouble by the end of May 1793. Neither eloquence nor equivocation could save them from the growing wrath of the Montagnards in the National Convention. Skeptical colleagues and distrustful Parisians transformed Brissot?s am-bivalence about the execution of Louis XVI, his disastrous handling of the ...
4 “We Are . . . Differently Organized,”
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In September 1794, Mary Wollstonecraft responded to Gilbert Imlay?s ob-session with ?alum or soap? by insisting on the revolutionary quality of their relationship. Imlay ought to stay with her not so much from ?love, which is always rather a selfish passion, as reason?that is, I want you to promote my felicity, by seeking your own.? She warned that she could not love him un-...
5 An “Exchange of Sympathy,”
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Mary Wollstonecraft first met William Godwin at a small party in London in November 1791. ?The interview was not fortunate,? Godwin later recalled. He had sought an invitation to dinner at a friend?s to meet Thomas Paine, who had recently published The Rights of Man. Godwin had no interest in Wollstonecraft, whose style he found distasteful. Unfortunately, Paine was ...
6 Modern Philosophers
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The publication of Memoirs of the Author of ?A Vindication of the Rights of Woman? ignited a firestorm of controversy throughout the English-speaking world. Mocked as ?Modern Philosophers,? William Godwin, Gilbert Imlay, and Mary Wollstonecraft were derided as ineffectual egoists inhabiting a dream world disconnected from the laws of God and nature. They were all ...
7 American Commerce
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...?What are the mutual influences of beings on beings: how far is the well-being of each, consistent with that of every other,? asked Elihu Hubbard Smith, a young man living in New York City in the mid-1790s. Like many admirers of William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft, Smith hoped that Americans would ponder exactly how they could exercise their newfound ...
8 The New Man of Feeling
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Like Charles Brockden Brown, William Godwin was struggling to survive as a man of letters in a nation suddenly overrun with speculators, bank-ers, lawyers, and soldiers. By the early nineteenth century, the eighteenth-century blend of intellectual, social, and economic speculation uneasily embodied in the person of Gilbert Imlay had fractured. Commerce, which ...
9 Love’s “Very Essence Is Liberty,”
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Their runaway romance became famous because they became famous. Percy Bysshe Shelley was twenty-one in the early summer of 1814. Although he could not have known it, he had already lived two-thirds of his life. In the eight years that remained before he drowned in a storm off the coast of Italy, he would write some of the most celebrated poems in the English language. ...
10 “The True Key of the Universe Is Love,”
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In May 1846, Thomas Medwin informed Mary Shelley that he was writ-ing a biography of his second cousin Percy Shelley, who had drowned off the coast of Italy almost a quarter century earlier. Medwin implied that he would mine the records of the 1817 Chancery suit in which Percy had lost guardianship of his children by Harriet Westbrook to detail the poet?s deser-...
EPILOGUE: “The Subject Was of Love,”
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In 1825, forty-seven-year-old William Hazlitt published a collection of char-acter sketches intended to reveal The Spirit of the Age. The names of several of his subjects?Jeremy Bentham, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Walter Scott, Lord Byron, William Wordsworth, and Thomas Malthus?remain familiar to us. Most, however, have grown dim in memory, or vanished altogether. Some ...
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I wish I could acknowledge adequately the influence of scholars I have never met. Without the work of G. J. Barker-Benfield, Pamela Clemit, Mark Philp, Barbara Tay-lor, Janet Todd, and Wil Verhoeven, among many others, I could never have imag-ined Love in the Time of Revolution, let alone written it. Luckily, I can thank the many people who helped shape this book in conversation as well as in print. In the late ...
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Page Count: 368
Illustrations: 14 halftones
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Published for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, Williamsburg, Virginia