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James J. Kilpatrick

Salesman for Segregation

William P. Hustwit

Publication Year: 2013

James J. Kilpatrick was a nationally known television personality, journalist, and columnist whose conservative voice rang out loudly and widely through the twentieth century. As editor of the ###Richmond News Leader#, writer for the ###National Review#, debater in the "Point Counterpoint" portion of CBS's ###60 Minutes#, and supporter of conservative political candidates like Barry Goldwater, Kilpatrick had many platforms for his race-based brand of southern conservatism. In ###James J. Kilpatrick: Salesman for Segregation#, William Hustwit delivers a comprehensive study of Kilpatrick's importance to the civil rights era and explores how his protracted resistance to both desegregation and egalitarianism culminated in an enduring form of conservatism that revealed a nation's unease with racial change. Relying on archival sources, including Kilpatrick's personal papers, Hustwit provides an invaluable look at what Gunnar Myrdal called the race problem in the "white mind" at the intersection of the postwar conservative and civil rights movements. Growing out of a painful family history and strongly conservative political cultures, Kilpatrick's personal values and self-interested opportunism contributed to America's ongoing struggles with race and reform. William P. Hustwit is visiting assistant professor of history at the University of Mississippi.

Published by: The University of North Carolina Press

Cover

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p. 1-1

Title Page, Copyright Page

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pp. 2-7

Contents

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pp. vii-9

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Acknowledgments

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pp. ix-11

My debts are many to Charles W. Eagles for generously reading the manu-script during various drafts, suggesting improvements, and running over a few of my puppies; to Ted Ownby and Bob Haws for their encouragement; to Joe Ward for arranging research support; to William A. Link and Nancy MacLean for offering sensible advice; to Jeff Roche for conversations and ...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-6

In 1960 or “thereabouts,” James J. Kilpatrick vaguely, unhappily remem-bered, two black journalists came to his office in Richmond to report on the city’s response to the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education ruling and asked for his opinion as editor of the Richmond News Leader . Forty-two years later, in 2002, Kilpatrick noted the reporters as about his age, attractive, and intelli-...

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ONE: Into the Byrd Cage

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pp. 7-40

When James J. Kilpatrick went to Richmond in 1941, he had a limited un-derstanding of writing for a professional newspaper, even less knowledge of Virginia, and only a nascent political philosophy. But that Kilpatrick was an authentic conservative in the making there could be no doubt. Although he did not come from aristocratic Virginia bloodlines or from a powerful ...

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TWO: Jim Cronyism

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pp. 41-78

By Christmas 1955, James Kilpatrick was one of the loudest voices of intran-sigence toward civil rights reform and a budding star in the segregationist South and the conservative intellectual movement. In a series of columns, beginning in late November 1955 and ending in early February 1956, the News Leader editor revived the states’ rights philosophy of James Madison, ...

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THREE: If at First You Don’t Secede

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pp. 79-106

In the summer and fall of 1957, James J. Kilpatrick’s work at the Richmond News Leader consumed at least fourteen hours of each day, and the pres-ervation of segregation dominated much of his thought. The man most responsible for making interposition a reality and stirring portions of the white South to protest the Supreme Court’s Brown decision was once ...

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FOUR: A Cross of Goldwater

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pp. 107-142

New Year’s Day 1960 fell in the middle of a winter of discontent for Rich-mond segregationists. The day before, columnist Lenoir Chambers stung massive resisters for the school closures with an editorial drenched in More intelligent handling of problems of great difficulty will continue and increase only if commonsense and courage continue to direct the ...

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FIVE: Newspeak

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pp. 143-201

...“I find myself in a peculiar limbo just now, unwilling to identify myself with the total segregationists in their supposed hell, and twice as unwilling to identify myself with the gauzy liberals in their phony heaven,” James Kilpatrick speculated about his own beliefs. By March 1961, he had left the familiarity and security of segregation for the unknown. His uncer-...

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SIX: The Revolution Will Not Be Televised

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pp. 202-224

On a Thursday afternoon in September 1973, James J. Kilpatrick stood behind a podium waiting for television studio cameras to start rolling. A flamboyant African American technician walked into the set. Glancing at the young man’s pink and purple, high-heeled, platform shoes, Kilpatrick exclaimed, “Wow!” “Do you wear those out on the street?” he asked with ...

Notes

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pp. 225-264

Bibliography

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pp. 263-300

Index

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pp. 301-310


E-ISBN-13: 9781469608112
E-ISBN-10: 1469608111
Print-ISBN-13: 9781469602134
Print-ISBN-10: 146960213X

Illustrations: 9 illus.
Publication Year: 2013

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Kilpatrick, James Jackson, 1920-2010.
  • Television journalists -- United States -- Biography.
  • Journalists -- United States -- Biography.
  • Editors -- United States -- Biography.
  • Segregation -- Political aspects -- Southern States -- History -- 20th century.
  • Government, Resistance to -- Southern States -- History -- 20th century.
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