A Transnational History
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: The University of North Carolina Press
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To the extent possible, names of local people, places, and institutions are rendered as they appear in the relevant sources of the era. Most Chinese mi-grants in Cuba had at least two names, a Chinese name and a Western or hybrid name (e.g., Tung Kun Sen and Pastor Pelayo), and used both in daily interactions, depending on the context. I generally use both names, when ...
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In 1859, the fifteen- year- old Tung Kun Sen (Dong Gongcheng), a native of Dongguan County in Guangdong Province, China, was kidnapped and taken to the Spanish Caribbean colony of Cuba as part of the infamous coolie trade. He signed a contract of indenture that obligated him to work for eight years on a sugar estate in CÃ¡rdenas, Matanzas Province. There he was bap-...
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Two or three white men, bringing hundreds of Chinese thousands of miles, to a new climate and people, holding them prisoners, of a lot of Chinese laborers, called coolies, just from the vessel, after a voyage of nearly five months. They came to labor under contract for eight years, receiving, beyond their living, the remarkable low wages of four dollars a ...
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Here he is, now, a regular thorough going âJohn Chinaman,â who, after having served out his term as a Coolie on perhaps some large sugar estate, has become imbued with the ambitious desire of being a merchant, and no longer remaining in his hard working way of life as a âtrabajadorâ in the hot sugar fields. Having saved suf_f_icient money from his hard earnings, or, ...
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In Sagua la Grande they had their own clubs. They gathered there to speak their languages and read newspapers from China out loud. They probably did it to be annoying, but since nobody could understand them, they kept right on with their reading as if nothing else mattered.Chen Pan had gone of_f to deliver machetes to Commander Sian. Little ...
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Once they had achieved their goal, they peacefully and silently retired to their homes, without great displays or propaganda that might call into question their good faith toward the Cuban motherland, whose creation was the sole interest that animated them in serving it. And they served.âGuillermo Tejeiro, Historia ilustrada de la Colonia China en Cuba (1947)...
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...the black, without producing . . . descendants whose vitality is poor.Cuba needs immigrants who come with the intention of becoming citizens and who will conform to the laws, usages, and reliable customs of the country, and not those who come to merely get work and return to their homes with the fruits of their toil.In 1920, the Cuban fishing boat Remplazo was stopped off the coast of Tampa, ...
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Itâs been eight years, or is it already ten, and you havenât thought of home.In her bedroom, the young womanâs bosom is filled with frustration and grief.Antonio Gong, Fernando, Manuel, Alfonso, Mario, Benito, RamÃ³n and MartÃn, all of the surname Jhon, have a magnificent vegetable garden and dedicate all the hours of the day to extract what is necessary to live ...
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Those Chinese, besides their unruly and false character, are a terrible competition to commerce in the capital and to native workers. As they live grouped by the hundreds and eat delicacies as eccentric as they are cheap, rats, lizards, dogs, shark fins, and rice seasoned with strange gelatins, their expenses are the lowest, and therefore they can be a ruinous competition to merchants and to Cuban and Spanish workers....
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Anyone who had ever heard the words of Mao Tse- tung would recognize Castro for what he was. We knew he was a communist from his student days.Whatâs the dif_ference in the experience of Chinese in Cuba and other countries of the diaspora? The dif_ference is that here a socialist revolution took place. The revolution eliminated discrimination based on the color of a ...
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In January 2012, members of the Chinese Cuban community gathered in Havana to commemorate the 125th anniversary of the founding of the Aso-ciaciÃ³n Nacional Min Chih Tang (Minzhidang; formerly Chee Kung Tong). As I entered the recently renovated building, I experienced an extreme sense of disorientation. Was this the same association that over the past decade ...
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My journey tracing the history of the Chinese in Cuba began with my own migra-tion from the field of East Asian to Latin American and Caribbean studies. Along the way, the generosity of scholars, archivists, and librarians and the willingness of Chinese Cubans to share their memories, letters, and photographs with me made In Cuba, the Archivo HistÃ³rico Provincial de Cienfuegos is a repository of docu-...
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Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: Envisioning Cuba