Pauli Murray and Caroline Ware
Forty Years of Letters in Black and White
Publication Year: 2006
Published by: The University of North Carolina Press
Series: Gender and American Culture
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Title Page, Copyright
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This book is built on an exchange of letters between two remarkablewomen, Pauli Murray, black, born in 1910, raised in segregated NorthCarolina, and Caroline Farrar Ware, white, born in 1899, raised inThis project began by chance. A meeting at the Schlesinger Library inCambridge, Massachusetts, ended unexpectedly early, and I found myself...
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Lina Ware reached adulthood at the end of the First World War—at the close of what the British historian Eric Hobsbawm once called ‘‘the long nineteenth century.’’ She grew up in Brookline, Massachusetts, in a family of New England Unitarians with a long tradition of social concern as well as of attachment to Harvard University. Her great grandfather, Henry Ware, as dean...
Chapter 1. The Correspondence Begins
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In 1942 the country was at war, and victory was by no means certain.War production was barely under way, though President Roosevelt as-sured citizens that they could do what was necessary. They could indeed,and in a very short time the needs of the war would take over the econ-omy, with attendant disruptions to the accustomed way of doing things....
Chapter 2. The Cold War, McCarthyism, and Civil Rights
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The end of her venture as a candidate for office and the completion of the great compilation of state laws affecting discrimination, to which she returned after her electoral defeat, left Murray somewhat downhearted, although she remained much involved in party politics. At midcentury she was still having trouble making a decent living. American history is littered...
Chapter 3. Family History, Global History
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While Murray struggled to perfect her family history, Ware’s life took a sudden turn when she was asked to undertake a very large, challenging responsibility as editor of the sixth volume of UNESCO'S History of Man-kind: Cultural and Social Development, which would cover the twentieth century. Her first reaction, spelled out in a long letter to Helen Lock-...
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Chapter 4. Ghana, UNESCO, and Beyond
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By 1959 Pauli Murray was once again restless. Maida Springer, whohad had a long association with what had been the Gold Coast and was,as of 1957, the newly independent nation of Ghana, sent her an advertise-ment for a lawyer who could teach in the new University of Ghana LawSchool. Murray applied for the job, and when the Ghanian government...
Chapter 5. Writing, Editing, and Brandeis
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By 1965 Murray had completed her course work at Yale and was writ-ing a dissertation titled ‘‘Roots of the Racial Crisis: A Prologue to Policy.’’Harper and Row, which had published Proud Shoes, expressed an interesting publishing the volume if she could turn it into a readable book. Working very hard to that end, she relies as heavily as ever on Ware’s editorial...
Chapter 6. The Last Phase
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After 1972 the correspondence slowed. Ware’s eyes were giving hertrouble and Murray was busy. There is plenty of evidence that theyremained close and that Murray was often at The Farm. In 1973, afterthe death of her close friend and comrade Renee Barlow, Pauli decidedto leave Brandeis and undertake training the for holy orders in the Epis-...
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A Personal Postscript
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What, my friends ask with some insistence: what did you learn from this enterprise? The answer is: a great deal that I did not guess at the About Pauli Murray and her forty-three-year friendship with Lina Ware, I had everything to learn. As I re-read Murray’s two autobiographies and read and re-read the extraordinary correspondence between the two...
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The ‘‘community of scholars’’ is not an idle phrase, nor is the idea of a circle of friends. Without both I would not have made it. Three people were present at the creation: Susan Ware, Linda Kerber, and Nancy Cott. Susan stayed with the project from start to finish, going far beyond the call of friendship. Early on, members of the staff at the Schlesinger Library of the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced...
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Page Count: 216
Illustrations: 9 illus.
Publication Year: 2006
Series Title: Gender and American Culture