Slavery and African Ethnicities in the Americas
Restoring the Links
Publication Year: 2005
Published by: The University of North Carolina Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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Preface: Truth and Reconciliation
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Thisslavetradeandslaveryspreadmorehumanmisery,inculcatedmoredis-respect for and neglect of humanity, a greater callousness to suﬀering, andandpalliateit,andwritehistorysoastoletmenforgetit;itremainsthemostAmericans throughout the Western Hemisphere owe a vast, but rarely ac-knowledgeddebttoAfrica.Ournationalandregionalculturesarosefromthe...
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...faithinthesocialimpactof history,growingconfidenceintheconcreteanddistrust of the abstract, lack of deference to changing fads in methodologyandinterpretation,self-assuranceinmyabilitytodooriginalandimportantprofessional scholarship. When I was young, women were not taken seri-ouslyas historians.The historyof slavery has remained a jealously guarded...
1. Gold, God, Race, and Slaves
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SlaveryintheAmericaswasjustifiedbyracistideology.Manyscholarsaswellas the wider public believe that black Africans were enslaved because theywereviewedbywhitesasinferiors.Buttheidentificationofracewithslaveryislargelyaprojectionbackwardintimeofbeliefsandideologiesthatintensi-fiedduringthefourcenturiesoftheAtlanticslavetrade,thedirectEuropean...
2. Making Invisible Africans Visible: Coasts, Ports, Regions,and Ethnicities
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Studies of the African diaspora in the Americas began mainly during theearly twentieth century among anthropologists: most notably Nina Rodri-guez in Brazil and Fernando Ortiz in Cuba, and then a generation later byFrances and Melville Herskovits in the United States. Fieldwork was a pri-mary methodology. They often studied communities of African descent in...
3. The Clustering of African Ethnicities in the Americas
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...[FaluposandArriatasare]themortalenemiesofallkindsofwhitemen.Ifourshipstouchtheirshorestheyplunderthegoodsandmakethewhitecrewtheirprisoners, and they sell them in those places where they normally trade forcows, goats, dogs, iron-bars and various cloths.The only thing these braves—ManuelAlvarez,EthiopiaMinorandaGeographicalAccountoftheProvince...
4. Greater Senegambia/Upper Guinea
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...excellence,asof law[havingawrittenreligionwithethical-legaltraditions].Theyaremuchmorefaithfulthanalltheothers,ofgreatreasonandcapacity,morehandsomeandattractiveinappearance;strong,healthy,andcapableofhard work; and for these reasons it is well known that all of them are morevaluableandesteemedthananyoftheothernations.Thesepeoplesandcoasts...
5. Lower Guinea: Ivory Coast, Gold Coast, Slave Coast/Bight of Benin
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Itismarveloustoseethenimblenessanddexteritywithwhichtheblackswhobettersaidlaunchestotradeivory,clothing,andotherthingstheyneed....alargeship,containingmuchivory,clothing,andotherthingsfoundabun-dantlyintheirlandtotradeforcurrency,iron,andotherthingstheylack.In Lower Guinea, the European maritime traders named African coasts for...
6. Lower Guinea: The Bight of Biafra
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...—MoreaudeSt.-Méry,Descriptiontopographique,physique,civile,politique,ethistoriquedelapartiefrançaisedel’isledeSt.Domingue,TheBightofBiafraisdiscussedhereseparatelyfromtheIvoryCoast,theGoldconsidered part of Lower Guinea. Its geography, economy, and politics aswell as the patterns of its transatlantic slave trade were distinct. The Bight...
7. Bantulands: West Central Africa and Mozambique
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In no way would he make war, as it was the continual warfare which hadalready destroyed the kingdom, and also the Faith. Nor did the Congolesewant any more troubles.They were already tired of being like beasts in thefieldsandwastelands:outraged,murdered,robbedandsold,andtheirrela-The Atlantic slave trade inWest Central Africa began very early and lasted...
Conclusion: Implications for Culture Formation in the Americas
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Thisbookisonlythebeginningofthelong,complex,challenging,butimpor-tanttaskofrestoringtheseveredlinksbetweenAfricaandtheAmericas.Inexplore the pattern of introduction of Africans over time and place. It will,onehopes,laythebasisforabetter-informeddiscussionofAfricanculturalinfluencesinvariousregionsintheAmericas.Wecannolongerbesatisfied...
Appendix: Prices of Slaves by Ethnicity and Gender in Louisiana, 1719–1820
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Page Count: 248
Illustrations: 24 illus., 6 figs., 23 tables, 7 maps
Publication Year: 2005