A World of Its Own
Race, Labor, and Citrus in the Making of Greater Los Angeles, 1900-1970
Publication Year: 2002
Published by: The University of North Carolina Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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Racial Hierarchies and Border Spaces in the Citrus Belt, 1917–1926 47The Mexican Players and the Padua Hills Theatre, 1931–1974 121Dance Halls and Youth Culture in Greater Los Angeles, 1950–1974 189Paduanos Casilda Amador, Alfonso Gallardo, and Sara Macias, 1935 85Legendary ‘‘mambo king’’ Dámaso Pérez Prado at Rainbow Gardens,...
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My esteemed advisor and friend, Vicki Ruiz, once explained to me that in Chi-cana/Chicano History, ‘‘the people drive the book.’’ This book is no exception.I have learned the majority of what I know from the many people who dared toshare their lives with me on tape, and it is those people whom I wish to thankfirst. Although too many to name here (see the bibliography for a complete list),...
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...cucom Confederación de Uniónes de Campesinos y Obreros Mexicanosnaacp National Association for the Advancement of Colored Peopleucapawa United Cannery, Agricultural, Packing, and Allied Workers...
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Driving westbound along Interstate 10 from Pomona to Los Angeles in South-ern California, one cuts through the heart of what once was the richest agricul-tural land in the United States. On the south side of the freeway lie the groundsformerly occupied by walnut and deciduous fruit orchards and berry farms;to the north lie the interclimatic foothill ‘‘benches’’ and ‘‘fans’’ upon which...
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1. THE IDEAL COUNTRY LIFE: The Development of Citrus Suburbs in Southern California
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...1This citrus belt complex of peoples,institutions, and relationships has noparallel in rural life in America and nothingCitrus fruit has always possessed a unique status among the many crops thatmake up California’s vast agroecosystem. While wheat, cotton, and grapes havehad their images tarnished by revelations of labor exploitation, grower vigi-lantes, and absentee landlords, citrus has usually escaped such criticism. Even...
2. THE ‘‘COLONIA COMPLEX’’ REVISITED: Racial Hierarchies and Border Spaces in the Citrus Belt, 1917–1926
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...2It would be misleading...toconvey theimpression that the location of the coloniaswas accidental or that it has been determinedRacial Hierarchies and Border Spaces in the Citrus Belt, 1917–1926In Southern California Country: An Island on the Land, Carey McWilliamsdivides the ‘‘citrus land’’ of San Gabriel Valley into two primary groups: first,‘‘the 40,000 workers’’ who cultivated and harvested citrus crops; and second,...
3. FRIENDS OF THE MEXICANS?: Mexican Immigration and the Politics of Social Reform
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...3When public-spirited citizens in the parentcommunity have sought ‘‘to do something aboutthe Mexican Problem,’’ they have generally soughtDuring the 1928 congressional hearings on the Box Bill, a proposal to extendimmigration quotas to Mexico, the most vocal and powerful opponent of Mexi-can immigration East Texas congressman John C. Box remarked: ‘‘The charac-ter of the body of our citizenship will be lowered by scattering tens or hundreds...
4. JUST PUT ON THAT PADUA HILLS SMILE: The Mexican Players and the Padua Hills Theatre, 1931–1974
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...4The Padua Institute, located at the base of theSierra Madre Mountains near Claremont, isanother institution which works hard to keepDespite the trauma repatriation inflicted on Mexican communities, the cam-paigns failed to erase the influence of Mexicans in the development of a re-gional culture in Southern California. In addition to the historical markers suchas the missions, ranchos, and street names that reminded all Angelenos of Span-...
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5. CITRUS IN THE WAR YEARS: Gender, Citizenship, and Labor, 1940–1964
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...5Oddly enough, [braceros’] contacts with thelocal Mexican communities in California [have]not been pleasant. Frequently they were toldDespite the depression, citrus remained a profitable enterprise. Throughoutthe 1930s the industry remained one of the foundations of the regional econ-omy, evidenced by the extraordinary profits of ranch owners and the growth ofcitrus farms. Growers’ consistently pulled in revenues above $90 million annu-...
6. MEMORIES OF EL MONTE: Dance Halls and Youth Culture in Greater Los Angeles, 1950–1974
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...6With the Spanish-speaking element havingbeen re-enforced by a million or moreimmigrants in the last forty years, virtually allDance Halls and Youth Culture in Greater Los Angeles, 1950–1974With great anticipation, the staﬀ at Rainbow Gardens, Pomona’s famed dancepalace, prepared for another night of ballroom dancing in 1950. This evening’sdance, however, diﬀered substantially from any other function held by the club...
7. SOL Y SOMBRA: The Limits of Intercultural Activism in Post-Citrus Greater Los Angeles
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...7As the grove-owners have relinquished thereins of power and have not been succeededby their sons, all sorts of civic positions haveThe Limits of Intercultural Activism in Post-Citrus Greater Los AngelesAlthough citrus growers and local politicians continued to support policiesand employment patterns that separated Mexicans and whites and undercutthe economic and social mobility of Mexican Americans, during the 1940s...
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In the three decades since the 1960s, Southern California has experienceddemographic changes that have contributed to the transformation of the citrusbelt. Both Asian and Latino populations have expanded largely due to the sig-nificant increases in immigration as a result of alterations in U.S. immigrationlaws and severe economic and political crises abroad. The Immigration Act of...
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...table1. Nonwhite Population in Selected California Cities, 1890–1920City oneoldstyletabeightoldstyletabnineoldstyletabzerooldstyletab oneoldstyletabnineoldstyletabzerooldstyletabzerooldstyletab oneoldstyletabnineoldstyletaboneoldstyletabzerooldstyletab oneoldstyletabnineoldstyletabtwooldstyletabzerooldstyletabPasadena oneoldstyletabfiveoldstyletabnineoldstyletab threeoldstyletabthreeoldstyletabsixoldstyletab oneoldstyletab,oneoldstyletabzerooldstyletaboneoldstyletab oneoldstyletab,fiveoldstyletabnineoldstyletabtwooldstyletabPomona eightoldstyletabsevenoldstyletab fouroldstyletabfouroldstyletab nineoldstyletabzerooldstyletab sevenoldstyletabfouroldstyletabRedlands — oneoldstyletabtwooldstyletabthreeoldstyletab threeoldstyletabnineoldstyletabeightoldstyletab oneoldstyletabsixoldstyletabeightoldstyletab...
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The following are abbreviations for frequently cited archival sources in the notes.Azusa-Foothill Citrus Company Collection. Huntington Library, San Marino, Calif.George Clements Collection, MS 118. Special Collections, University of California,California Department of Industrial Relations. Division of Immigration and Housing.C-A 194. Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, Calif....
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Azusa-Foothill Citrus Company Collection. Huntington Library, San Marino, Calif.California Department of Industrial Relations. Division of Immigration and Housing. C-A194. Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, Calif.George Clements Collection, MS 118. Special Collections, University of California, LosLa Verne Mutual Orange Distributors Citrus Packinghouse Oral History Project. City Hall,...
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...theater,’’ 122–23, 129; ‘‘imperialist nostalgia,’’...
Page Count: 360
Illustrations: 32 illus., 7 tables, 5 maps
Publication Year: 2002
Series Title: Studies in Rural Culture