The Color of the Law
Race, Violence, and Justice in the Post@-World War II South
Publication Year: 1999
Published by: The University of North Carolina Press
Title Page, Copyright
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My gratitude is deep and wide. I appreciate the leadership of John W. Cell and the advice and support of the participants, including the late Betty Shabazz, in a National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) Summer Seminar in the mid-198os, when I began to shift the focus of my work from the nineteenth century to the twentieth. I am grateful to the Woodrow Wil ...
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With its incessant demand for labor and its elarion call for democracy, World War II penetrated the remotest corners of American society. Most notably in the South, it affected race relations more powerfully than any event since the Civil War almost one hundred years earlier. Changes oc curred as blacks, as well as "'hites, fought in the armed forces, migrated in ...
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For Gladys Stephenson, getting the children's radio repaired was a trying experience. A 37-year-old domestic worker and mother of four, Stephenson lived in a black working-class neighborhood in the West End in Columbia, a small Middle Tennessee town located about forty-three miles south of Nashville. She had sent the radio in for repairs in early January 1946. Her ...
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The selection of the Bottom as a place to make a stand in behalf of James Stephenson was not happenstance. Most simply, the first block of East Eighth Street was a confined physical space long controlled by African Americans. Frequented by a multitude of low-wage workers and owned by a handful of middle-class entrepreneurs, the establishments of the Bottom ...
WAR, ESTEEM,EFFICACY, ANDENTITLEMENT!
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Without question, World War II affected middle-class leaders such as Mor ton and the Blairs. As the organizers of war bond and Red Cross drives in Maury County, James and Mary Morton felt their commitment to a "Double-V" strengthened as the war progressed. Saul Blair also both im bibed and circulated word of the "Double-V" effort as he distributed the ...
THE MAKINCAND UNMAKINC
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Unfortunately for African Americans, the improved job opportunities that accompanied World War II disappeared quickly, and the GI Bill did not offer black veterans the same advantages that it presented whites. Neverthe less, black southerners, through the growing sense of entitlement and per sonal efficacy that they experienced during the war, were in a better position ...
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Ironically, while the migration of African Americans to the nation's cities discouraged attacks by white civilians, it increased the possibility of negative encounters between police officers and black residents. This occurred be cause after World War II, police in the urban South were more likely to abuse blacks than were those in small towns and the countryside. l Police ...
CRAND (IUR~)MANEUYERS ANDTHE POLITICS OFEXCLUSION
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By the close of World War II, the extension of civil rights to African Ameri cans had become for white liberals "an acid test" of their creed.! Conserva tives meanwhile continued to defend the status quo, and some southern officials, like Theodore Bilbo and Ed Crump, grew increasingly shrill and vociferous as they detected enhanced personal efficacy among black Ameri ...
OUTSIDERS ANDTHE POLITICS OFJUSTICE
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A native of Culleoka who was deeply incensed at the negative publicity his community was receiving, Judge Joe M. Ingram proved no more impartial in the trial that occurred in Lawrenceburg than had his predecessor, Judge Davies, in the grand jury hearing. Time and again Ingram acted in concert with the prosecution, and as happened so often in cases involving African ...
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..."Prevented lynchings function as 'historical counterexamples' to com pleted lvnchings and, as such, arc analytically indispensable to the analysis of lynchings," scholars Larry J. Griffin, Paula Clark, and Joanne C. Sand berg recently observed. I In keeping with this observation, the failed lynch ing in Maury County in February 1946 tells us much about the lvnching ...
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Arthur Raper Papers, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Federal Grand Jury Records, Vols. 1-11, 14, author's personal col Trial Transcript, State of Tennessee v. Sol Blair, et ai., 10 vols. and 1. Griffin, Clark, and Sandberg, "Narrative and Event," 25, 29· 1. This account of Gladys Stephenson's problems in getting her radio re ...
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Miller, Alexander F., and Mozell Hill."Safety, Security, and the South" (results of 1950 Atlanta University survcy of black college Southern Historical Collection, Wilson Library, University of North Dwyer, Lynn. "A Study of the Social and Economic History of the Columbia Reservoir Area, Volume 1: 18°7-189°." Submitted to the Tennessee ...
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Page Count: 352
Illustrations: 23 illus., 1 map
Publication Year: 1999
Series Title: The John Hope Franklin Series in African American History and Culture