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Antietam Campaign

Edited by Gary W. Gallagher

Publication Year: 2008

Ten original essays offer fresh insight into the bloodiest day of the Civil War. Contributors explore questions of military leadership, strategy, and tactics, the performance of untried military units, and the ways in which the battle has been remembered.

Published by: The University of North Carolina Press

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

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Contents

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pp. vii-viii

Introduction

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pp. ix-xv

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1. The Net Result of the Campaign Was in Our Favor: Confederate Reaction to the Maryland Campaign

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pp. 3-43

The roads leading from Sharpsburg to Boteler's Ford choked under the strain of men, vehicles, and animals during the night of September 18, 1862. Trudging through a sheltering fog that helped mask their movement toward the Potomac River, Confederate soldiers hoped that an enemy who had been quiescent all day...

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2. General McClellan's Bodyguard: The Army of the Potomac after Antietam

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pp. 44-73

As night fell across the fields and farms surrounding Sharpsburg, Maryland, on September 17,1862, officers and men of the Army of the Potomac who had survived that day's bloody work paused to reflect on what they had endured. Brig. Gen. Marsena R. Patrick, whose brigade of New Yorkers had battled across...

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3. Maryland, Our Maryland: Or How Lincoln and His Army Helped to Define the Confederacy

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pp. 74-100

The Army of Northern Virginia entered Maryland as self-proclaimed liberators. As they crossed the Potomac on September 4,1862, soldiers sang "Maryland, My Maryland"—an anthern that pledged retribution for the repression of Confederate sentiment by the northern government. Four days later Robert E. Lee issued...

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4. Dirty, Ragged, and Ill-Provided For: Confederate Logistical Problems in the 1862 Maryland Campaign and Their Solutions

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pp. 101-142

Confederate general John R. Jones claimed in his official report of the battle of Antietam that the Army of Northern Virginia had never been "so dirty, ragged, and ill-provided for" as it was in the 1862 Maryland campaign. Years later, the astute former artillery officer Edward Porter Alexander wrote that "[i]n the matter...

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5. Who Would Not Be a Soldier: The Volunteers of '62 in the Maryland Campaign

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pp. 143-168

"Then, after the leaving the turnpike, filing to the left across the fields, and wading or jumping a small running stream, the column is halted, and for the first time the Ninth regiment men receive orders to load. Some have never before loaded a gun, few have ever loaded with a ball cartridge, and many must be shown the...

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6. All Who Went into That Battle Were Heroes: Remembering the 16th Regiment Connecticut Volunteers at Antietam

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pp. 169-191

On October 11, 1894, a small group of survivors, family members, and friends of the 16th Regiment Connecticut Volunteers gathered at Antietam to dedicate a monument to their unit. Former lieutenant colonel Frank Cheney was one of several speakers at the ceremony. "Comrades," he began, "[w]e made our first pilgrimage...

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7. Defending Lee's Flank: J. E. B. Stuart, John Pelham, and Confederate Artillery on Nicodemus Heights

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pp. 192-222

The artillery arm of the Army of Northern Virginia consistently encountered superior weapons and ammunition during the Civil War. In most situations R. E. Lee's cannon crews could hope, at best, to hold their own. From friction primers to horseflesh, in cannon tubes and case shot, southern gunners labored...

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8. It Appeared As Though Mutual Extermination Would Put a Stop to the Awful Carnage: Confederates in Sharpsburg's Bloody Lane

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pp. 223-258

A northern correspondent walked grimly down the Roulette lane on the morning of September 18,1862, horrified by the Federal corpses that strewed the fields around him. Then he reached the Bloody Lane and stood stunned by "a ghastly spectacle!" "The Confederates had gone down as the grass falls before the...

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9. We Don't Know What on Earth to Do with Him: William Nelson Pendleton and the Affair at Shepherdstown, September 19,1862

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pp. 259-288

Nicknames provide revealing clues about how historical figures were viewed by their contemporaries. "Marse Robert" expressed the feelings of fatherly respect and devotion Confederate soldiers felt for Robert E. Lee, while "Old Jack" captured the folk-hero status that Stonewall Jackson enjoyed among his troops. The...

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10. From Antietam to the Argonne: The Maryland Campaign's Lessons for Future Leaders of the American Expeditionary Force

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pp. 289-315

Fifty years after armies in blue and gray clashed outside the small town of Sharpsburg, a survivor claimed that "Antietam was our greatest day of battle, the bloodiest battle for the South and the most glorious for the Union arms in all that wondrous four years' war which gave to the world new examples of patriotism and...

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Bibliographic Essay

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pp. 317-320

The 1862 Maryland campaign has inspired a large and diverse literature. D. Scott Hartwig's The Battle of Antietam and the Maryland Campaign of 1862: A Bibliography (Westport, Conn.: Meckler, 1990) provides an annotated guide to several hundred campaign studies, biographies, unit histories, and other pertinent titles. Readers also...

Contributors

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pp. 321-322

Index

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pp. 323-335


E-ISBN-13: 9781469602417
E-ISBN-10: 1469602415
Print-ISBN-13: 9780807824818
Print-ISBN-10: 080782481X

Page Count: 352
Illustrations: 2 line drawings, 1 map
Publication Year: 2008

Series Title: Military Campaigns of the Civil War