We cannot verify your location
Browse Book and Journal Content on Project MUSE

The Revolution of 1861

The American Civil War in the Age of Nationalist Conflict

Andre M. Fleche

Publication Year: 2012

It was no coincidence that the Civil War occurred during an age of violent political upheaval in Europe and the Americas. Grounding the causes and philosophies of the Civil War in an international context, Andre M. Fleche examines how questions of national self-determination, race, class, and labor the world over influenced American interpretations of the strains on the Union and the growing differences between North and South. Setting familiar events in an international context, Fleche enlarges our understanding of nationalism in the nineteenth century, with startling implications for our understanding of the Civil War.
Confederates argued that European nationalist movements provided models for their efforts to establish a new nation-state, while Unionists stressed the role of the state in balancing order and liberty in a revolutionary age. Diplomats and politicians used such arguments to explain their causes to thinkers throughout the world. Fleche maintains that the fight over the future of republican government in America was also a battle over the meaning of revolution in the Atlantic world and, as such, can be fully understood only as a part of the world-historical context in which it was fought.

Published by: The University of North Carolina Press

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

pdf iconDownload PDF (356.5 KB)
pp. i-vi


pdf iconDownload PDF (56.9 KB)
pp. vii-x

read more


pdf iconDownload PDF (57.3 KB)
pp. xi-xiv

...mind all of the people who have helped to bring it to fruition. The research for this book began at the University of Virginia, and many friends, colleagues, and mentors have infl uenced the book’s development. First and foremost, I must thank Gary W. Gallagher for his instruction, advice, and professional example. He taught me much about history and scholarship, and raised my aspirations...

read more

Introduction: The American Civil War and the Age of Revolution

pdf iconDownload PDF (70.0 KB)
pp. 1-10

...New York to observe the final act of what he would later call “five years of revolution, political turmoil and civil war” in the United States. The French liberal hoped to follow in the footsteps of Alexis de Tocqueville, a close family friend, by observing American democracy in action. While his illustrious predecessor ...

read more

1. World Revolutions and the Coming of the American Civil War

pdf iconDownload PDF (367.4 KB)
pp. 11-37

...of the American nation. On February second of that year, negotiators representing Mexico and the United States concluded the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which ended the Mexican War and extended America’s boundaries to the Pacific Ocean. Several weeks later, revolutions broke out in Europe that promised to establish representative...

read more

2. The Revolution of 1861

pdf iconDownload PDF (243.7 KB)
pp. 38-59

...cannon opened fi re on a federal fort guarding the approaches to Charleston Harbor. The sectional tension that had plagued the Union for decades erupted into war between two self-proclaimed nation-states. Fort Sumter surrendered after a thirty-three-hour bombardment, and the world quickly took note. On April 16, William ...

read more

3. The Problem of Northern Nationalism

pdf iconDownload PDF (144.0 KB)
pp. 60-79

...in America excited many northern patriots who had cheered movements for freedom in Europe in the years before the Civil War. The willingness of Old World liberals to embrace their adopted republic seemed to prove that the North stood for liberty, progress, and freedom. For the nation’s leaders, however, the issues at stake did not appear so simple. In the months after the Battle of Fort Sumter, they found...

read more

4. The South and the Principle of Self-Determination

pdf iconDownload PDF (423.2 KB)
pp. 80-106

...London, becoming the fi rst offi cial representative of the Confederate States of America to set foot in Europe. Mann had been there before, but as a diplomat in the service of the United States. In 1849, he had been dispatched to the revolutionary government of Hungary with authorization to recognize the new republic’s independence...

read more

5. The Last Best Hope of Earth

pdf iconDownload PDF (373.4 KB)
pp. 107-131

...Abraham Lincoln signed his Emancipation Proclamation. The order, in its fi nal form, granted freedom to all slaves still held in bondage in Confederate territory. The president’s directive recast the U.S. military as an army of liberation. It instructed members of the armed forces to act on their new duty to “recognize and maintain” the freedom of the slaves they encountered as Union...

read more

6. The White Republic

pdf iconDownload PDF (201.9 KB)
pp. 132-150

...new nation represented the principles of liberal revolution grew more difficult in the spring of 1863. The European public’s supposed sympathy for the rights of self-determination had not enticed any Old World nation to risk war and intervene on behalf of the South. The Emancipation Proclamation proved most problematic. The Lincoln administration’s policy increasingly appealed to the antislavery...

read more

Conclusion: American Nationalism and the Nineteenth-Century World

pdf iconDownload PDF (74.0 KB)
pp. 151-158

...weight of unrelenting military pressure, Ernest Duvergier de Hauranne remained on hand to witness its death throes. The French thinker marveled at the grandeur of a struggle that had been carried on for so long by the people of two republics without ever succumbing to dictatorship or demagoguery. The history...


pdf iconDownload PDF (168.1 KB)
pp. 159-182


pdf iconDownload PDF (106.7 KB)
pp. 183-198


pdf iconDownload PDF (473.0 KB)
pp. 199-204

E-ISBN-13: 9781469601946
E-ISBN-10: 146960194X
Print-ISBN-13: 9780807835234
Print-ISBN-10: 0807835234

Page Count: 224
Illustrations: 2 line drawings, 1 map
Publication Year: 2012