The Revolution of 1861
The American Civil War in the Age of Nationalist Conflict
Publication Year: 2012
Confederates argued that European nationalist movements provided models for their efforts to establish a new nation-state, while Unionists stressed the role of the state in balancing order and liberty in a revolutionary age. Diplomats and politicians used such arguments to explain their causes to thinkers throughout the world. Fleche maintains that the fight over the future of republican government in America was also a battle over the meaning of revolution in the Atlantic world and, as such, can be fully understood only as a part of the world-historical context in which it was fought.
Published by: The University of North Carolina Press
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Title Page, Copyright, Dedication
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...mind all of the people who have helped to bring it to fruition. The research for this book began at the University of Virginia, and many friends, col-leagues, and mentors have infl uenced the book’s development. First and foremost, I must thank Gary W. Gallagher for his instruction, advice, and professional example. He taught me much about history and scholarship, ...
Introduction: The American Civil War and the Age of Revolution
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New York to observe the fi nal act of what he would later call “fi ve years of revolution, political turmoil and civil war” in the United States. The French liberal hoped to follow in the footsteps of Alexis de Tocqueville, a close family friend, by observing American democracy in action. While his illustrious predecessor had reported to French readers on the promise ...
1 World Revolutions and the Coming of the American Civil War
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...of the American nation. On February second of that year, negotiators rep-resenting Mexico and the United States concluded the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, which ended the Mexican War and extended America’s bound-aries to the Pacifi c Ocean. Several weeks later, revolutions broke out in Europe that promised to establish representative governments across the ...
2 The Revolution of 1861
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...cannon opened fi re on a federal fort guarding the approaches to Charles-ton Harbor. The sectional tension that had plagued the Union for decades erupted into war between two self- proclaimed nation- states. Fort Sum-ter surrendered after a thirty- three- hour bombardment, and the world quickly took note. On April 16, William Howard Russell of the London ...
3 The Problem of Northern Nationalism
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...in America excited many northern patriots who had cheered movements for freedom in Europe in the years before the Civil War. The willingness of Old World liberals to embrace their adopted republic seemed to prove that the North stood for liberty, progress, and freedom. For the nation’s leaders, however, the issues at stake did not appear so simple. In the months after ...
4 The South and the Principle of Self-Determination
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London, becoming the fi rst offi cial representative of the Confederate States of America to set foot in Europe. Mann had been there before, but as a diplomat in the service of the United States. In 1849, he had been dis-patched to the revolutionary government of Hungary with authorization to recognize the new republic’s independence from Austria. Now the makers ...
5 The Last Best Hope of Earth
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ON JANUARY 1, 1863, IN A MUCH- ANTICIPATED NEW YEAR’S DAY CERE-mony, Abraham Lincoln signed his Emancipation Proclamation. The order, in its fi nal form, granted freedom to all slaves still held in bondage in Confederate territory. The president’s directive recast the U.S. military as an army of liberation. It instructed members of the armed forces to act on ...
6 The White Republic
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...new nation represented the principles of liberal revolution grew more diffi -cult in the spring of 1863. The European public’s supposed sympathy for the rights of self- determination had not enticed any Old World nation to risk war and intervene on behalf of the South. The Emancipation Proclamation proved most problematic. The Lincoln administration’s policy increasingly ...
Conclusion: American Nationalism and the Nineteenth-Century World
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...weight of unrelenting military pressure, Ernest Duvergier de Hauranne re-mained on hand to witness its death throes. The French thinker marveled at the grandeur of a struggle that had been carried on for so long by the people of two republics without ever succumbing to dictatorship or dema-goguery. The history of the French Revolution, the revolutions of 1848, and ...
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Page Count: 224
Illustrations: 2 line drawings, 1 map
Publication Year: 2012