We cannot verify your location
Browse Book and Journal Content on Project MUSE
OR

Civil War in the West

The Civil War from the Mississippi to the Mountains

Earl J. Hess

Publication Year: 2012

The Western theater of the Civil War, rich in agricultural resources and manpower and home to a large number of slaves, stretched 600 miles north to south and 450 miles east to west from the Appalachians to the Mississippi. If the South lost the West, there would be little hope of preserving the Confederacy. Earl J. Hess’s comprehensive study of how Federal forces conquered and held the West examines the geographical difficulties of conducting campaigns in a vast land, as well as the toll irregular warfare took on soldiers and civilians alike. Hess balances a thorough knowledge of the battle lines with a deep understanding of what was happening within the occupied territories.

Published by: The University of North Carolina Press

Title Page, Copyright, Dedication

pdf iconDownload PDF (338.7 KB)
pp. i-v

Contents

pdf iconDownload PDF (132.5 KB)
pp. vii-ix

read more

Preface

pdf iconDownload PDF (136.5 KB)
pp. xi-xv

Today, it is difficult to imagine how much Civil War America was defined by regional aspects of geography and culture. The United States was a continental nation loosely held together by a handful of key political...

read more

1 Spring and Summer 1861

pdf iconDownload PDF (284.7 KB)
pp. 1-17

The secession crisis inspired confused reactions among people across the Northern states that lay west of the Appalachian Highlands. Promises of a peaceful separation of the seven Deep South states had lulled many...

read more

2 Fall 1861

pdf iconDownload PDF (217.3 KB)
pp. 18-33

Preparations for war dragged on much longer than anyone on either side anticipated. Rather than a quick solution to secession, the fall of 1861 witnessed little more than the consolidation of opposing positions in Kentucky...

read more

3 Fort Henry to Corinth

pdf iconDownload PDF (252.9 KB)
pp. 34-51

Grant proposed moving against the Confederate posture in the West as early as January 1862. He suggested shipping his men up the Tennessee River to strike at Fort Henry and use it as a base to operate toward...

read more

4 Occupation

pdf iconDownload PDF (216.2 KB)
pp. 52-74

It became an item of received wisdom after the war to criticize Henry Halleck for not advancing deep into Mississippi following the fall of Corinth. His large army of some one hundred thousand veterans “could have gone to Mobile, or...

read more

5 The Gulf

pdf iconDownload PDF (317.8 KB)
pp. 75-91

Federal authorities had enough resources to operate large numbers of troops supported by naval power along selected areas of the Confederate coast. In addition to incursions along the North Carolina and South...

read more

6 Kentucky and Corinth

pdf iconDownload PDF (216.5 KB)
pp. 92-109

Don Carlos Buell had a big job to do in the summer of 1862. Pushing the Army of the Ohio eastward across territory recently abandoned by the Confederates and restoring his line of railroad communications...

read more

7 Winter Campaigns

pdf iconDownload PDF (414.6 KB)
pp. 110-133

The hiatus in Union offensives along the Mississippi River came to an end by the late fall of 1862 as the new regiments Lincoln had called for in July became available, swelling the size of Federal field armies. The...

read more

8 The Vicksburg Campaign and Siege

pdf iconDownload PDF (401.6 KB)
pp. 134-159

The Vicksburg campaign evolved more from circumstances than from a coherent plan. When Grant sent Sherman down the Mississippi, it was with the intention of executing a strong, fast strike that could capture...

read more

9 Occupation and Port Hudson

pdf iconDownload PDF (209.3 KB)
pp. 160-177

For a good part of Grant’s forces the fall of Vicksburg was not the end of campaigning that summer. Sherman was ready to advance against Johnston’s concentration near Jackson as soon as the Gibraltar fell. Grant instructed

read more

10 From Tullahoma to Knoxville

pdf iconDownload PDF (313.4 KB)
pp. 178-198

Officials in Washington had a difficult time juggling the needs of different military departments for more troops early in 1863. Following his bitter victory at Stones River, William Rosecrans cried loudly for more...

read more

11 Administering the Western Conquests

pdf iconDownload PDF (187.4 KB)
pp. 199-212

Quartermaster General Montgomery C. Meigs estimated that Federal forces in the West reclaimed 50,000 square miles of “revolted territory” in 1863. Added to the 150,000 square miles recovered in 1861–62, that...

read more

12 Atlanta

pdf iconDownload PDF (268.5 KB)
pp. 213-232

After a great deal of work to prepare his logistical support, Sherman was ready to set out against Johnston in the first week of May 1864. He faced sixty thousand Confederates in the Army of Tennessee, led by a careful commander in a rugged mountainous territory...

read more

13 Behind the Lines

pdf iconDownload PDF (157.6 KB)
pp. 233-246

While Sherman battled his way toward Atlanta, the rear areas of Union occupation in the West were alive with activity. Strategic raids by mounted Confederate forces swept across western Tennessee and western Kentucky, hitting...

read more

14 Fall Turning Point

pdf iconDownload PDF (335.9 KB)
pp. 247-267

The Union war effort in the West reached a turning point in the fall of 1864. After spending a year and eight months advancing from Nashville to Atlanta, Federal troops now found themselves at the end of an increasingly problematic...

read more

15 The Last Campaigns

pdf iconDownload PDF (232.4 KB)
pp. 268-285

After receiving authorization to march through North Carolina and South Carolina on January 2, 1865, General William T. Sherman prepared for a move that would be far more difficult and complex than his march across Georgia. He playfully informed his...

read more

16 End Game

pdf iconDownload PDF (227.9 KB)
pp. 286-306

Ending a war often proves more difficult than starting or even winning it, and the Rebel government offered no guidance for how its military forces should deal with the many issues involved with bringing peace to...

read more

Conclusion

pdf iconDownload PDF (171.6 KB)
pp. 307-320

The Union won and the Confederacy lost the Civil War largely due to what each side did, or failed to do, in the West. This expansive region, embraced by the Mississippi River, the Ohio River, the Gulf Coast, and the Appalachian Highlands, comprised...

Notes

pdf iconDownload PDF (304.7 KB)
pp. 321-370

Bibliography

pdf iconDownload PDF (148.1 KB)
pp. 371-384

Index

pdf iconDownload PDF (702.5 KB)
pp. 385-392


E-ISBN-13: 9781469601892
E-ISBN-10: 1469601893
Print-ISBN-13: 9780807835425
Print-ISBN-10: 0807835420

Page Count: 416
Illustrations: 2 line drawings, 1 map
Publication Year: 2012

Series Title: Littlefield History of the Civil War Era

Research Areas

Recommend

Subject Headings

  • Southwest, Old -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Campaigns.
  • Mississippi River Valley -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Campaigns.
  • United States -- History -- Civil War, 1861-1865 -- Campaigns.
  • You have access to this content
  • Free sample
  • Open Access
  • Restricted Access