Chelmno and the Holocaust
The History of Hitler's First Death Camp
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: The University of North Carolina Press
Title Page, Copyrihgt
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List of Illustrations
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List of Maps
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This book is the result of a project that eventually stretched over a 20 year period. So many people intersected with this work over the years that it is truly impossible to name them all. A sincere thank you seems less than adequate. Others who cannot go unnamed and whom I want to acknowledge and thank here are as follows: ...
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The small Polish village of Chełmno was the site of the first Nazi death camp, which unlike the larger and better known death camps that followed—Bełżec, Sobibór, Treblinka, Auschwitz-Birkenau and Majdanek—used mobile gas vans rather than stationary gas chambers. ...
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The literature on the extermination of the Jews during the Second World War is vast. It is common knowledge that millions of people perished in the Holocaust, yet research concerning the extermination centers, where many of the victims actually died, is limited at best. ...
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"Euthanasia” is a word derived from the Greek language meaning “helping to die.” The modern concept of “physician-assisted suicide” has nothing in common with what has become known as the Euthanasia Program conducted by the National Socialist regime. This program was based on racial theory and eugenics. ...
2. Extermination: The First Period (1941–1943), Photographs follow page 148
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In the autumn of 1941, Rottenführer Walter Burmeister, assigned as Lange’s driver, signed an oath of secrecy to remain silent concerning his activities with the Sonderkommando.1 While the operation in Konin was underway, Lange ordered Burmeister to drive east about 40 kilometers to the small village of Chełmno. ...
3. Extermination: The Second Period (1944–1945)
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Between the closure of Chełmno in April 1943 and its re-establishment a year later, Germany faced a number of defeats on the battlefield. German forces had already surrendered at Stalingrad, the Red Army’s long march to Berlin had begun and Allied bombing over the Reich intensified. ...
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The Sonderkommando fled Chełmno just before the arrival of the Red Army. The remaining members of the Polizeiwachtkommando were placed under the command of the local police in Koło. The SS contingent drove to Konin and spent the night there. Bothmann attempted to contact Dr. Bradfisch of the Łódź Gestapo, but was unsuccessful. ...
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Page Count: 416
Illustrations: 2 line drawings, 1 map
Publication Year: 2012