North Carolinians in the Era of the Civil War and Reconstruction
Publication Year: 2008
Published by: The University of North Carolina Press
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The era of the Civil War and Reconstruction was a crucial period in U.S. history and in the history of North Carolina. More was at stake than the fate of the Union and the future of slavery, vitally important though these questions were. The fundamental character of southern...
North Carolinian Ambivalence: Rethinking Loyalty and Disaffection in the Civil War Piedmont
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The issue of southern loyalty (or loyalties) during the American Civil War has been a perennial staple for nineteenth-century historians since Robert E. Lee’s surrender at Appomattox. But in the past decade, it has evoked particular interest and controversy. The extent to which southerners...
A More Rigorous Style of Warfare: Wild’s Raid, Guerrilla Violence, and Negotiated Neutrality in Northeastern North Carolina
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During the final days of December 1863, Union brigadier general and Massachusetts abolitionist Edward Augustus Wild was a thoroughly frustrated man. By his own admission, Wild had undergone a major change in recent weeks. When he sat down on December 28 to...
Visions of Freedom and Civilization Opening before Them: African Americans Search for Autonomy during Military Occupation in North Carolina
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Wednesday, January 14, 1863, found Beaufort, North Carolina, still drying from a recent tempest and getting colder by the hour. The weather had not been the only turbulent event that week. Captain William B. Fowle Jr., Beaufort’s provost marshal, sat down that morning...
The Order of Nature Would Be Reversed: Soldiers, Slavery, and the North Carolina Gubernatorial Election of 1864
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In 1864, North Carolina governor Zebulon Baird Vance faced more than the usual number of challenges. The Civil War engulfed his nation; weather, labor shortages, and the presence of armies played havoc with harvests; and food and supply shortfalls afflicted his people....
To Do Justice to North Carolina: The War’s End according to Cornelia Phillips Spencer, Zebulon B. Vance, and David L. Swain
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At the beginning of Patriotic Gore, his classic study of the literature of the Civil War, Edmund Wilson asked, “Has there ever been another historical crisis of the magnitude of 1861–65 in which so many people were so articulate?” He went on to muse that “the drama has already...
Reconstruction and North Carolina: Women’s Tangled History with Law and Governance
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Women were no strangers to North Carolina courts during Reconstruction. They had little choice but to appear when they were the ones charged with crimes. That had always been the case, even before the upheaval of war and emancipation. But women—even African American...
No Longer under Cover(ture): Marriage, Divorce, and Gender in the 1868 Constitutional Convention
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Eighteen-year-old Martha A. Hopkins suffered a broken heart during the Civil War. Her husband of only one year, William T. Hopkins, deserted her in February 1864. She had married Hopkins against the will of her father, Robert D. Hart, who later came to suspect that Hopkins...
Different Colored Currents of the Sea: Reconstruction North Carolina, Mutuality, and the Political Roots of Jim Crow, 1872–1875
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In his work The New South Creed, Paul Gaston notes the unanimity with which white southerners saw themselves as the protectors of African Americans in a segregated society after the postwar amendments to the Constitution provided the slaves with freedom and United...
The Immortal Vance: The Political Commemoration of North Carolina’s War Governor
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On June 22, 1916, an adoring crowd gazed in awe upon Zebulon Baird Vance’s stout frame. Similar scenes had played out time and again in North Carolina when the “War Governor of the South” was on the stump. On this occasion, however, their “Zeb” was a bronze statue unveiled...
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Page Count: 320
Illustrations: 3 tables
Publication Year: 2008