Apostle to the Nations, An Introduction
Publication Year: 2012
Published by: Augsburg Fortress Publishers
Download PDF (1.7 MB)
Title Page, Copyright
Download PDF (55.3 KB)
Download PDF (84.2 KB)
List of Figures
Download PDF (73.9 KB)
List of Textboxes
Download PDF (64.1 KB)
Download PDF (1.6 MB)
The giving of thanks was important for Paul (see below on “Structure of Helle-nistic Letters”), and it is important for me as the author of this study. To Gerhard Krodel and John Reumann go thanks for the excellent courses that introduced me To Hans Dieter Betz go thanks for the insights and encouragement he gave as my doctoral advisor. To students at Trinity Lutheran Seminary from 1981 until ...
Part OneWho Was Pauland What Did He Do?
Download PDF (516.7 KB)
Introduction: Why Study Paul?
Download PDF (504.4 KB)
Think of a well-known but controversial public figure from the present or the past: Barack Obama, Hillary Rodham Clinton, Lady Gaga, Eleanor Roosevelt, Ronald Reagan. Each person has passionate supporters—and equally ardent opponents. Paul, an early Christ-believing missionary, apostle (or “messenger,” see chapter 3), theologian, and author, has elicited the same kind of sharply opposed reactions. ...
1. How Can We Study Paul?
Download PDF (297.7 KB)
If we had posed thirty years ago the lead question of this chapter, “How can we study Paul?” the answer would have been that we can do it by using history, with theology not far behind. In the twenty-first century, we have those options plus several others. While the larger number of interpretative options complicates the task of studying Paul, proper use of them opens the letters of Paul to new insights Modern scientific historical study is the systematic study of the past. Historians ...
2. What Sources Can We Use to Study Paul?
Download PDF (577.6 KB)
We have explored reasons why the study of Paul is both intriguing and infor-mative, and we have investigated different ways of studying ancient texts from Paul. Now we need to be more precise about the sources available for study-ing him. The major sources that have been used are his letters, the New Testament A first and obvious place to begin is with the letters of Paul. They provide us a unique opportunity. From the hand of Jesus, for example, we have not one writ-...
3. Where and When Did Paul Live and Work?
Download PDF (787.7 KB)
Although scholars have often viewed Paul as a timeless figure issuing theologi-cal pronouncements independent of his own era, today scholars work hard to set Paul within his own world. Indeed, not to do so runs the risk of misun-derstanding him by reading him as though he wrote in the fourth century, the seventeenth century, or the twenty-first century, instead of the first century. In this chapter, we will focus on details of Paul’s life: when he lived, where he lived, and ...
4. What Kind of Person Was Paul?
Download PDF (2.4 MB)
Part of the fun—and challenge—of learning to know Paul better is sorting out and putting back together again the stream of religious, cultural, and educa-tional experiences that informed his life and letters. Paul was a Judean, he was a Greco-Roman, he was a leather worker, and he was a Christ-believer. Each iden-tity, however, was more complex than the mere label would signal.Paul was a Judean who was filled with a burning love for his people (see Rom 9:1-...
5. What Did Paul Do?
Download PDF (2.1 MB)
As we have seen, Paul’s mission was to announce the good news of what God had done in Jesus. While the message went first to Judean people, it was also for non-Judeans (Rom 1:16), and to those non-Judeans, Paul had a special mis-sion. That mission, in addition, was understood by Paul to participate in God’s long-standing plan that through the witness of Israel, the nations would stream into Jerusalem and to the God of Israel. Of that end-of-time message, Paul was a ...
Part TwoWhat Did Paul Write?
Download PDF (281.0 KB)
6. 1 Thessalonians: The End Is Near—but Not Yet
Download PDF (690.9 KB)
Imagine coming in late to a first-century gathering of Christ-believers in the northern Greek city of Thessalonica. As you look for a place to stand or sit in the small apartment, a brother Christ-believer whispers to you that the leader is reading a letter from the missionary who began your congregation, a man named Paul. You are glad that someone is reading the letter, since you cannot ...
7. Galatians: Free to Be Children of God
Download PDF (427.7 KB)
Imagine sitting in a Christ-believing congregation somewhere in the interior of Turkey. There are no pews, and in fact, you are gathered with other Christ-believers in someone’s home. Even though you are not well educated, you are well aware of how a letter should be constructed: salutation, thanksgiving, body, exhortation, conclusion. So as the reader begins the letter, you know what to lis-...
8. 1 Corinthians: Life in the Body
Download PDF (1.3 MB)
Imagine being part of a group of twenty people gathered in the home of a wealthy person. You are there to sing God’s praises and to learn. You live in an important city—Corinth, in the province of Achaia.1 The past few weeks have been exciting but confusing. You recently came to believe that Jesus was God’s chosen and sent one. But how are you to live now? The same as before? Freer? Or more ...
9. 2 Corinthians: Treasure in Clay Jars
Download PDF (956.7 KB)
In response to the missionary conversation and preaching of the apostle Paul, you were baptized some months ago. It was a glorious event. You felt the Spirit’s surge of power then and for weeks afterward. Your belief in Jesus as the Christ is still solid, but you wonder why God’s power is not evident in your life in more obvious ways that can be seen by others. Because of that concern, your ears immediately ...
10. Romans: God Justifies the Ungodly
Download PDF (1.0 MB)
Imagine living in the crowded, dirty, exciting capital of the empire, the city of Rome. As a decade-long believer in Christ, you have heard of the missionary Paul, but you have never met him. You learned at work yesterday that the congrega-tion had received a letter from him, so you rush to the weekly worship gathering to hear it read. The letter starts out well enough: “Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, ...
11. Philippians: Citizenship in Heaven
Download PDF (282.8 KB)
You are a first-century Christ-believer living in Philippi, a northern Greek city where many gods are worshipped. On your way to this week’s time for worship and education, you happen to notice the beautiful buildings dedicated to Egyp-tian deities. Even more, the temples to the deified emperors Julius, Augustus, and Claudius catch your eye. In your city, often called “little Rome,” you also glance for ...
12. Philemon: Life in the Christ-Believing Family
Download PDF (392.0 KB)
As a Christ-believer with a modest income and a small apartment, you have always appreciated Philemon’s generosity. He regularly makes his large home available for worship, and he has financially helped several believers. So you have no problem identifying with the new letter from Paul when the apostle compli-ments Philemon: “The hearts of the saints have been refreshed through you, my ...
13. How Did People Develop What Paul Wrote?
Download PDF (1.2 MB)
The purpose of this chapter is to survey the Pauline tradition in the generations immediately following Paul, in order to see how Paul and his thought were utilized as the church continued to develop. Six letters in the New Testament that are associated with the name of Paul are understood in this book to have been written in his name by someone else after his death. Such writings were common in antiquity and were viewed as ways both to honor the original author or found-...
Download PDF (102.3 KB)
Download PDF (66.5 KB)
Download PDF (297.4 KB)
General Index: Authors and Subjects
Download PDF (1.7 MB)
Page Count: 398
Publication Year: 2012