Suffering and Salvation in Ciudad Juarez
Publication Year: 2011
Published by: Augsburg Fortress Publishers
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Title Page, Copyright
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The themes of suffering and salvation have, of course, been central to Christian theology from the beginning. A central question for theology has been whether we can hope for salvation from sin and its consequences, so often experienced with seemingly unbearable cruelty. How can (or rather, how dare) one speak of a loving God in the face of suffering, especially the suffering...
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This book has various points of origin. Indeed, Ciudad Juárez (Chihua-hua, Mexico) has been significant to me virtually all my life and, arguably, even before my life began. It is the city that my paternal grandfather, Pablo Nava Pineda, spent time in as a teenager before he crossed into El Paso, Texas, in 1914 in search of a better life in the United States. Dur-...
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Salvation addresses God’s saving presence among human beings, which was inaugurated at creation, given ultimate expression through the person of Jesus the Christ, and continues in the dynamic action of the Holy Spirit in history. In the second half of the twentieth century, widely influential theologians such as Karl Rahner, Edward Schillebeeckx, Rose-mary Radford Ruether, and Gustavo Gutiérrez1 argued that the human quest for salvation entails not a flight from the world but an engagement ...
1: Suffering—A Social Reality
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Suffering brought on by structural evil makes demands of us. It demands that we1 recognize the ways in which our collective decisions can create an increased likelihood that the most vulnerable among us will suffer and suffer mightily. Yet it likewise asks us to consider how we see the suffering of others.2 How we perceive the suffering of others can make an enormous difference in whether we see, or not, its origins in social struc-When suffering is situated within a social, political ambit, as is done ...
2: Suffering, Social Imaginaries, and the Making of Evil
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If we are to understand the complexity of the appropriation of suffering within society, and if we are to grasp why social, political, and even some religious authorities deem the suffering of Latinas to be of a lesser significance than that of others, then we need to recognize the presence of a hegemonic imaginary worldview as it is generated and sustained by reigning stereotypes of Latinas. Too often these stereotypes have served to dehumanize Latinas by caricaturing them as...
3: Anselm and Salvation
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In the foregoing critical reading of feminicide, a social-suffering hermeneutic made clear the brutal execution of female human beings precisely because they are female, the tragic and unintelligible dimension of this evil, the social vertigo that this evil unleashes, and the varied ways we are all caught in its vortex.1 The question of salvation, in its origin just as today, begins with our awareness...
4: Responding to Social Suffering—Practices of Resistance
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Given the enduring success of Anselm’s theological construct, the contemporary tragedy of the Juárez feminicide makes clear the need to consider salvation anew. As Edward Schillebeeckx teaches us: “One of the tasks of theology is to safeguard belief in and this hope for a liberating, saving power which loves men and women and which will overcome this evil.”1 In...
5: On the Possibility of Salvation
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The horrific suffering brought about by the feminicide, the depth of its underlying roots, the limited ability of Anselmian atonement soteriology to respond, and the practices of resistance that have grown from the ashes of this tragedy lead us to our final topic: how the practices created by those who have lost loved ones to the feminicide carry theological insight into the meaning of salvation. Through the practices...
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For Further Reading
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Acuña, Rodolfo. Occupied America: A History of Chicanos. New York: Aquino, María Pilar. Our Cry for Life: Feminist Theology from Latin Aquino, María Pilar, Daisy L. Machado, and Jeanette Rodríguez, eds. Religion, Feminism and Justice: A Reader in Latina Feminist Theol-Aquino, María Pilar, and María José Rosado-Nunes, eds. Feminist Inter-...
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Page Count: 200
Publication Year: 2011