Soundings in Kings
Perspectives and Methods in Contemporary Scholarship
Publication Year: 2010
Published by: Augsburg Fortress Publishers
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Title Page, Copyright
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This volume began in a conversation during the 2005 Annual Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature in Philadelphia. Following a session of papers in the Deuteronomistic History section, Klaus-Peter Adam and I gathered with several other scholars who had presented papers to address what we recognized to be a growing problem. Namely: there was great dis-agreement whether the hypothesis of a Deuteronomistic History was in ...
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F or many years, the book of Kings was taken to be a record of events in the life of ancient Israel during the period of the monarchy that revealed in an unencumbered way the deeds of the kings, the complaints of the prophets, and the intervention of divine forces into political affairs when punishment was due. In more recent times, though, researchers have approached the study of the book of Kings from a variety of perspectives that ...
Part OneSources and Transmission
Chapter 1Text and Literary History:The Case of 1 Kings 19(mt and lxx)
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The context of my paper is the question of the relationship between text criticism and redaction criticism: how can text history contribute to a better knowledge of the literary development of the books of Kings? The dis-coveries of the Dead Sea Scrolls profoundly renewed the knowledge of the most ancient transmission of the biblical text and, in particular, of the place that the Septuagint (lxx) occupies in it. Some fragments, such as 4QSama or ...
Chapter 2Warfare and Treaty Formulasin the Background of Kings
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About two decades ago, Helga Weippert concluded that the hope “of find-ing the key to the overall understanding of the Deuteronomistic History (DH) [focuses] especially on the Book of Kings.”1 One of the reasons for this was that the Deuteronomistic (Dtr) phraseological framework in Kings was thought to be relatively easy to separate from its source parts. With her ...
Part TwoProphecy and Redaction
Chapter 3Prophetess of Doom:Hermeneutical Reflectionson the Huldah Oracle (2 Kings 22)
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Ever since the publication of Martin Noth’s Überlieferungsgeschichtliche Stu-dien in 1943,1 the book of Kings has been considered by German scholarship to be, to a large extent, the literary contiguous work of a single author, who by using older source material crafted it around the middle of the sixth cen-tury bce as an integral part of a larger narrative contained within the books ...
Chapter 4Hezekiah, Manasseh, andDynastic or TransgenerationalPunishment
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Recently, scholars have shown an increased interest in Manasseh’s por-trayal in the Deuteronomistic History (hereafter Dtr).1 Whereas the Chronicler blames the Babylonian exile on a cumulative process of ignoring the Lord’s prophets and incurring divine wrath (2 Chr 36:15-16), Dtr largely blames the exile on Manasseh (2 Kgs 21:10-15; 23:26-27; 24:3-4).2 That Dtr singles out Manasseh for blame seems odd considering that the two ...
Part ThreeAuthors and Audiences
Chapter 5The Redaction of Kingsand Priestly Authority in Jerusalem
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There has been renewed interest in the compositional history of Kings as researchers have become increasingly aware of the inadequacies of Noth’s theory of a Deuteronomistic History to account for this material’s redactional complexity and ideological diversity.1 As a consequence, a num-ber of scholars have recently argued that the present form and placement of Kings should no longer be viewed as part of a unified historical enter-...
Chapter 6The Sociolinguisticand Rhetorical Implicationsof the Source Citations in Kings
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Most researchers working with the texts of Kings recognize that the author of the book did not compose his work ex nihilo, though there is little consensus regarding the nature of the sources he employed. Schol-ars who see Kings as an exilic or Persian period composition more often see oral tradition and mimetic elements at work in the construction of the book’s historiographic material, with less certainty regarding the writer’s use ...
ResponseKings Resisting Privilege
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The following response to five of these six chapters on aspects of the book of Kings is offered unashamedly from the perspective of propos-als I have already published in a couple of volumes:1 how far are these essays convergent with my proposals, how far do they require me to rethink, and how far do I find that they offer me likely ways forward? My proposals were very simple. Behind the alternative accounts of the monarchical period in ...
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From the sampling of perspectives in the present volume, a few nota-ble issues emerge in relation to the study of the book of Kings. First and foremost, it is abundantly clear that Kings, while remaining a parade example of historiography from the ancient world, is by no means a work of history. The method of the transfer from sources to finished narrative and the thematic emphases in its orchestration of events precludes any ...
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Page Count: 232
Publication Year: 2010
Series Title: Soundings: Charting the Currents of Contemporary Scholarship
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