Publication Year: 2010
Published by: Temple University Press
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Even as recently as a decade ago, not a single student in the thousands of philosophy courses offered annually in America's colleges and universities discussed the ethics of how humans treat animals. Today, each semester, many tens of thousands of students, perhaps as many as a hundred thousand a year, examine this topic. Usually part of a course on contemporary...
1. Introduction: Religions and the Rights of Animals
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Almost exactly a hundred years ago, in March 1885, John Ruskin wrote to the Vice Chancellor of Oxford University in order to resign from his position as Slade Professor of Fine Art. The immediate cause was the vote in the University on March 10 which, in Ruskin's phrase, "endowed vivisection."1 In a speech the previous December, he had said...
2. The Use of Animals in Science
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Although each year only about 5 percent of all animal deaths at the hands of human beings result from the use of animals in science, the number killed--in the neighborhood of 500 million--is not inconsiderable. I If we are to make an intelligent judgment about the ethics and scientific wisdom of permitting this many animals to be used in scientific settings, we...
3. Judaism and Animal Experimentation
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In a provocative comment, the German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer remarked that the denial of rights to animals is a doctrine peculiar to Western civilization and reflects a barbarianism that has its roots in Judaism: "Die vermeintliche Rechtlosigkeit der Tiere ist geradezu eine emp�rende Rohheit und Barberei des Okzidents, deren Quelle im...
4. The Place of Animals in Creation: A Christian View1
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These words come from the Report of a Working Group set up in 1971 by the then Archbishop of Canterbury "to investigate the relevance of Christian doctrine to the problems of man in his environment."2 The Report's affirmation of the "intrinsic" value of creation is so traditional that it may be interpreted as theologically unexceptional. It is, after all, quite...
5. The Relevance of Animal Experimentation to Roman Catholic Ethical Methodology
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In an amusing chapter of Pierre Daninos' Le secret du Major Thompson, a book that, in my day, students of French read at school, the Major's Parisian visitor, having observed with astonishment the civil rights and domestic privileges enjoyed by pets in Britain, summed up his impressions: "Si les animaux avait un pape, leur Vatican serait � Londres!"1...
6. Animal Experimentation: The Muslim Viewpoint
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The question of the use of animals in science cannot be studied in isolation. To appreciate its full implications, it must be addressed against the backdrop of the similarities and differences that exist between humans and the rest of the animated world. How we understand these similarities and differences--indeed, how we answer the question at hand--is...
7. Hindu Perspectives on the Use of Animals in Science
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Questions about our use of animals in science are of comparatively recent origin. Therefore we will be disappointed if we expect to find definitive and pointed answers in Hinduism. It could not even have occurred to the Hindu seers when they were trying to formulate the Hindu doctrines that such questions would ever demand their attention. Therefore...
8. Noninjury to Animals: Jaina and Buddhist Perspectives
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The view of animals held by those in the Indian milieu differs radically from that held by those living in the European-Western technological matrix. Similar views are found in Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism, influencing Asian attitudes and offering a unique perspective on the role of animals in the drama of human life. In the material that follows, I...
9. Of Animals and Man: The Confucian Perspective
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The Classical Confucian tradition is distinctive in part because it emphasizes a specific set of moral relations within which the involved individuals are enjoined to develop appropriate moral virtues. This set of relations is usually described as the five human relationships: king-subject, father-son, husband-wife, elder brother-younger brother, and...
About the Authors
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J. DAVID BLEICH, PH.D. is Rosh Yeshivah (Professor of Talmud), Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary, Yeshiva University; Tenzer Professor of Jewish Law and Ethics, Benjamin N. Cardozo School of Law; Rabbi, The Yorkville Synagogue, New York City; has taught at Hunter College, Rutgers University, and Bar Ilan University; ordained, Mesivta...
Publication Year: 2010