Eyes Without Country: Searching for a Palestinian Strategy of Liberation
Publication Year: 1995
Published by: Temple University Press
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Initial work on this book coincided with the outbreak of the intifada in the Occupied Territories. During 1987-1988, I was a postdoctoral fellow at the Program on Nonviolent Sanctions at Harvard University's Center for International Affairs. I was pursuing my research on Palestinian nonviolent civilian resistance to Israeli occupation. The intifada, the civilian uprising ...
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For decades, these opening lines of the famous poem by the Palestinian writer Mahmoud Darwish seemed to capture the essence of the Palestinian experience. These words captured the poignancy of Palestinian dispossession, resignation, and despair. They told of lives of longing ...
1. The Context and Background of the Intifada
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The total Palestinian population worldwide is estimated at more than five million people. Since their dispersal following the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, Palestinians have come to fall largely under three distinct jurisdictions-inside the Occupied Territories, in the diaspora, and as citizens of Israel. By far the largest single concentration of Palestinians ...
2. Twenty Years of Occupation: Palestinian Resistance Before the Intifada
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Tracing the course of resistance in the Occupied Territories is difficult without first taking into account the Palestinian national liberation movement as a whole, embodied in the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO). Palestinian resistance emerged initially in response to British rule and Jewish settlement in Mandate Palestine in the early ...
3. The Intifada as Palestinian Civilian Resistance
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The exact date of the following incident is not known. It may have occurred just prior to the intifada or during its early phases. It is recounted here because it captures so vividly the spirit of this uprising in the Occupied Territories. Dheisheh camp, near the West Bank city of Bethlehem, has long been a site of confrontations between Palestinian ...
4. Nonviolent Civilian Resistance: Theoretical Underpinnings
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As was pointed out in an earlier chapter, analysis of both the intifada and the general feasibility of nonviolent civilian resistance derives from the strategic or "practical" school. This perspective defines a nonviolent struggle as a "war," albeit one that is waged without lethal weapons. Instead of aiming to change the heart of the opponent or to convert the enemy to ...
5. Assessing Strategic Directions: Prospects for a Strategy of Nonviolent Civilian Resistance
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The defeat of Iraq at the end of the Gulf War in 1991 lent new urgency to strategic thinking regarding the future directions of Palestinian resistance. Most Palestinians, whether inside or outside the Occupied Territories, agreed on one thing-that the intifada should continue. By the summer of 1993, however, all but a few of the active groups in the Occupied ...
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Palestinians have generally come around to accepting a two-state nlution, as demanded by international legitimacy. Yet a two-state solution may always be perceived as a "compromise," with all of its attendant negative connotations and with a sense of having given up something valuable. Most obvious is that it may fall short of what each of the parties truly desires, whether a Greater ...
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Publication Year: 1995