Crime And Capitalism: Readings in Marxist Crimonology
Publication Year: 1993
Published by: Temple University Press
Preface to the Second Edition
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No thoughtful person could prepare a book of Marxist theory at this moment in history without wondering for at least a moment whether the enterprise is quixotic. Have not political and theoretical developments of the last decade raised all kinds of questions about the viability of Marxism?...
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In the 1970s a new school of criminological thought, known variously as "new," "critical," "radical," or Marxist, came on the scene.1 It challenged the paradigms that then dominated criminology, and drew on the insights of New Left social criticism in developing a host of new and controversial ideas about crime. ...
Part 1: Marx and Engels on Crime and Punishment
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Although crime was not a central interest for Marx and Engels, they did discuss crime and punishment in some of their writings. Now, when radical criminologists are attempting to reconstruct criminology on Marxian foundations, these writings are of particular interest. To convey a sense of what Marx and Engels had to say about crime, representative ...
Part 2: The Causes of Crime
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By the mid to late 1960s, some non-Marxist criminologists had virtually stopped looking for causes of crime and had turned instead to studying social responses to it. They did so not merely to correct an imbalance, to study the police and the courts because so much less was known about them than about thieves, addicts, and prostitutes. Rather, the ...
Part 3: Criminal Law and Criminal Justice
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Until the 1960s, criminologists restricted their research to an extremely limited set of questions. They asked what the causes of crime were, and how it could be prevented or controlled. The laws that defined what was criminal, and the enforcement practices that defined who was to be labeled as a criminal and punished or rehabilitated were not studied. Although ...
Part 4: Crime and Revolution: Is Crime Progressive?
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Criminologists and lay persons alike have usually regarded crime as something harmful, something to be prevented, but qualifications to this general condemnation have often been made. Beccaria, an Italian economist and legal philosopher who wrote in the late eighteenth century, argued that matters of religious belief and private morality should not be subject ...
Part 5: Praxis and Marxian Criminology
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Marx's preoccupation with revolutionary political movements grew out of his attempts to grapple with the philosophical legacy of Hegel. In the 1830s and 1840s, the Young Hegelians - a circle of philosophers who extended and modified Hegel's ideas - had come to regard philosophy as a form of social criticism. They compared the world as it was with a philosophical ...
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Publication Year: 1993