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Irrationalism: Lukacs and the Marxist View of Reason

Tom Rockmore

Publication Year: 1992

Published by: Temple University Press


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pp. vi-vii

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Introduction: Irrationalism: Lukacs and the Marxist View of Reason

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pp. 1-13

AT THE VERY LEAST, Karl Marx and Marxism are committed to a form of contextualism, to a view that theory, any theory, must be understood in relation to, and not in isolation from, the context in which it emerges. If some form of contextualism is assumed, if thought is dependent on...

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One: Marx on Philosophy and Ideology

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pp. 15-32

A CLAIM FOR THE CONTINUITY between Marx and Marxism is not merely a scholastic problem of interest to specialists; it is immediately important for the understanding of Marx's position. The task of the present chapter is to bring out some of the differences between Marx and...

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Two: Philosophy and Science, Ideology and Truth

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pp. 33-53

As THE FIRST STEP IN THE DISCUSSION of the conceptual background of Lukac's Marxism, the preceding chapter examined Marx's views of philosophy and ideology. Examination of Marx's writings, particularly his critique of Hegel, led to two conclusions. First, neither his critique...

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Three: Epistemological Irrationality

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pp. 55-77

ENGELS'S FORMULATION OF THE MARXIST VIEW that philosophy is ideology suggests two epistemological conclusions. First, from the perspective of a nonidealistic, materialistic science Marxism surpasses ideology to attain truth. Second, philosophy in general is intrinsically unable to...

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Four: Marxism Economics and Neo-Kanatian Philosophy

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pp. 79-102

THE PRIOR DISCUSSION HAS SKETCHED the background in Marx, Marxism, and German neo-Kantianism of Lukac's effort to refute non-Marxist philosophy and to argue for Marxism. This argument depends on a conception of reason. Marxism maintains that non-Marxism is incapable....

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Five: The Antinomies of Bourgeois Thought

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pp. 103-127

THE PREVIOUS CHAPTER DISCUSSED Lukac's analysis of political economy in his groundbreaking essay "Reification and Class Consciousness." His argument employs a Marxist reading of Marx's theory with Kantian and neo-Kantian elements. He comprehends Marx's theory as a form....

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Six: The Standpoint of the Proletariat

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pp. 129-151

THE DISCUSSION OF THE PROLETARIAN ANGLE of vision forms the third and final part of Lukac's great essay. In the first section, devoted to the phenomenon of reification, he argued the absolute superiority of Marx's view of political economy over all alternatives. In the second, he maintained

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Seven: Hegel's Objective Idealism and Dialectical Materialism

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pp. 153-174

THE THREE PRECEDING CHAPTERS have reviewed in some detail the central part of Lukac's brilliant but flawed argument for Marxism as the truth of classical German idealism in his initial, best known Marxist work,...

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Eight: Philosophical and Political Irrationalism

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pp. 175-213

THERE IS AN OBVIOUS CONTINUITY between History and Class Consciousness and The Young Hegel. Lukac's distinction between reason and unreason, or irrationality, describes his comprehension of the difference between...

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Nine: Lukac's Social Ontology

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pp. 215-242

MARXISM SINCE ENGELS HAS ALWAYS MAINTAINED two claims: a distinction in kind between itself and classical German philosophy, even philosophy as such; and a view of its absolute superiority over classical German...

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Conclusion: A Marxist View of Reason?

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pp. 243-251

THIS BOOK HAS EXAMINED Lukac's Marxist view of reason. The nature and use of reason are central themes in the philosophical tradition. Marxism has always been concerned with a socially responsible form of reason as the condition of a better form of life. In his early writings, Marx...


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pp. 253-310


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pp. 311-315

E-ISBN-13: 9781439904510

Publication Year: 1992