As French as Everyone Else?: A Survey of French Citizens of Maghrebin, African, and Turkish Origin
Publication Year: 2011
France is often depicted as the model of assimilationist or republican integration in the international literature on immigration. However, rarely have surveys drilled down to provide individual responses from a double representative sample. In As French as Everyone Else?, Sylvain Brouard and Vincent Tiberj provide a comprehensive assessment of the state of integration in France and challenge the usual crisis of integration by systematically comparing the "new French" immigrants, as well as their children and grandchildren born in France, with a sample of the French general population.
The authors' survey considers a wide range of topics, including religious affiliation and religiosity, political attitudes and political efficacy, value systems (including gender roles, work ethics, and anti-Semitism), patterns of integration, multiple identities and national belongings, and affirmative action. As the authors show, despite existing differences, immigrants of Maghrebin, African, and Turkish origin share a wide scope of commonality with other French citizens.
Published by: Temple University Press
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Foreword to the English Edition
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Western Europe faces a political crisis even deeper than its current economic crisis. The predicament goes so deep because it is double edged. Historically, the countries of Europe were countries of emigration, not immigration. So they share a common identity and ancestry—a constructed common identity and ancestry, to be sure, but shared all the same to a degree...
A Note on the Translation
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Foreword to the French Edition
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For nearly a quarter of a century, immigration has been a powerful and persistent issue in French public debates. Throughout questions of integration, discrimination, unemployment, insecurity, violence, laïcité,* education, and communautarisme,† the “image of the immigrant” remains omnipresent, continually returning...
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This word would never have seen the light of day without the assistance of Richard Descoings, the administrator of the National Foundation of Political Science; Gérard Grunberg, the foundation’s scientific director; and Pascal Perrineau, director of CEVIPOF. Initial support of the Jean-Jaurès Foundation, as well as...
Introduction: Why This Question?
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For a century and a half, France, like the United States, has been a major country for immigration. And as in the United States, France’s citizenship policies have been largely shaped by the principle of jus soli, or birthright citizenship (Noiriel 1988). France has received wave after wave of immigrants from eastern Europe, Italy...
1. Are the New French More Religious and Less Laïque?
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Until now, the religious affiliation and practice of French people who immigrated or are the descendants of immigrants from Africa or Turkey has rarely been the object of systematic, rigorous, and in-depth study. Indeed, the few existing surveys focus on Muslims and are subject to numerous critiques as to their...
2. Integration into the French Political System
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An individual's relationship to politics includes several dimensions, and we examine them one by one: the relationship to the political system in general (confidence or distrust, interest or alienation), the political preoccupations of the New French and their differences from (or similarities to) the rest of the...
3. A Welfare Culture?
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Since the end of the 1980s, the left/right divide that traditionally characterized political life in France has been subject to multiple strains. Th e crumbling of the Eastern bloc, the conversion of an entire section of the left to marketplace economics, the crisis in the welfare state and the persistence of unemployment, the...
4. Women, Mores, and Homosexuality
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The cultural attitudes and values of the New French raise numerous questions. Are they more conservative when it comes to morals, especially those regarding women? At the time of the debate on the Islamic veil at school, the media spoke of a Muslim culture of submission, if not oppression, of young women, basing...
5. Racism and Anti-Semitism
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On racism, as with other subjects covered in this work, we are used to hearing diametrically opposed hypotheses, difficult to prove or disprove owing to a lack of sufficient or relevant data. Because the New French are the primary victims of discrimination based on skin color or origins, they should be immune to...
6. Integration and Equal Opportunity
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The term “integration” immediately comes to mind when we talk about immigration. The word, with its multiple meanings, poses a problem (Richard 2004). In general, integration no longer means a process—the insertion of foreigners into a society—but indicates a state of being, which itself is the object of disagreement...
7. What Identity/Identities?
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The theme of communautarisme is extremely prevalent in today’s public debate. The “communautaire phenomenon” is one of the qualities of the “segmented societies” that are so well known in sociology. In Le ghetto français (2004), Éric Maurin characterizes French society as a type of segmented society. He emphasizes...
Conclusion: As French as Everyone Else
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First, our results invalidate this hypothesis. The New French do not seem to confine their nationality to a strictly legal question. Their identification with their compatriots does not depart from that of the French in general. And if the New French are unique in any way, with regard to religion, for example, they are far from being on the margins...
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Publication Year: 2011