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Japanese Cities

Richard Child Kuniko; Hill Fujita

Publication Year: 2009

Published by: Temple University Press

Contents

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pp. vii-x

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Acknowledgments

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pp. xi-

The perpetrators of any book project, and especially one of this complexity, pile up debts of gratitude. We wish to thank the following people: Kazuyoshi Koshiro at Yokohama National University, who first introduced us to some of the Japanese contributors to this book; Katherine...

Part I INTRODUCTION

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1 Japanese Cities in the World Economy

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pp. 3-25

Japan is the world's second most powerful economy and one of the most urbanized nations on earth. Yet the English-language urban literature has relatively little to say about cities in Japan. This omission seems all the more striking when one...

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2 Urban Growth in Prewar Japan

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pp. 26-50

With the Meiji restoration of 1868, Japan abolished the feudalism of the shogunate and embarked upon a course of modernization. Before exploring the growth of cities in modern Japan, this essay gives a brief account of cities in the Edo era (1603- 1868). Unfortunately, sources from the era give inadequate data on the...

Part II WORLD CITY FORMATION

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3 Japan’s World Cities OSAKA AND TOKYO COMPARED

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pp. 53-82

The Osaka metropolitan area was once the center of the Japanese economy, but today the Tokyo metropolitan area has taken over that position. This essay discusses the relative decline of the Osaka metropolitan area, with special reference to the city...

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4 The “New” Tokyo Story RESTRUCTURING SPACE AND THE STRUGGLE FOR PLACE IN A WORLD CITY

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pp. 83-119

The history of Tokyo has been one of cycles of meteoric expansion and radical restructuring. From its ascendence as Edo, the nation's center of military-political power in the early years of the seventeenth century, to the new era of internationalization...

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5 Kanagawa JAPAN’S BRAIN CENTER

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pp. 120-140

Kanagawa is in the Kanto region, south of central Tokyo. It is one of the prefectures forming greater Tokyo. The Kanto region first became important in the twelfth century. In 1192 a feudal government was established there by the Minamoto family. Its capital, called Kamakura, was located in Kanagawa. Later, in...

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6 Restructuring Urban-Industrial Links in Greater Tokyo SMALL PRODUCERS' RESPONSES TO CHANGING WORLD MARKETS

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pp. 141-156

The appreciation of the yen since September 1985 has accelerated the internationalization of the Japanese economy and greatly changed its internal structure. Business enterprises have quickly adapted to new situations brought about by the yen's high value. Companies of all sizes have staked their very survival on cultivating ...

Part III GLOBAL-LOCAL LINKS

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7 Nagoya THE CORE OF JAPAN'S GLOBAL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES

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pp. 159-174

The Nagoya metropolis is Japan's leading industrial area with about 10 percent of the nation's manufacturing output. Nagoya's remarkable industrial development is the result of outstanding growth in the local automobile industry, promoted mainly...

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8 Toyota City INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION AND THE LOCAL STATE IN JAPAN

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pp. 175-200

Our study of Toyota Motor Corporation and Toyota City focuses on the interplay between local corporatism and urban economic development in Japan. Toyota Motor Corporation is currently the world's most successful car manufacturer. Corporations in every automobile-producing nation are trying to copy...

Part IV DECLINING INDUSTRIAL CITIES AND POLICY RESPONSES

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9 The Decline and Renaissance of the Steel Town THE CASE OF KAMAISHI

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pp. 203-223

Postwar Japanese economic development can be divided into three stages: the postwar recovery period, a high-growth period, and a low-growth period. The 1980s, the stage of low growth, have been a major turning point in Japanese society and economy. Changes are in progress at three levels: Japan's position in the...

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10 Steel Town to Space World RESTRUCTURING AND ADJUSTMENT IN KITAKYUSHU CITY

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pp. 224-254

Heavy industries such as steel, chemicals, shipbuilding, and other forms of metal fabrication played a critical role in propelling economic growth in Japan between the 1950s and 1970s (Kosai 1986). Annual steel production, for example, grew from 10 million metric tons in 1955 to 120 million tons in 1973, while

Part V JAPAN AND THE WORLD

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11 Reshaping Western Pacific Rim Cities EXPORTING JAPANESE PLANNING IDEAS

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pp. 257-279

During my first visit to Japan in 1979, a professor of economics at one of the former imperial universities much admired the urban legacy of the British in Asia. He fretted that Japanese planners had made no lasting contribution to the geographical organization, patterns of urbanization, and physical and spatial character...

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12 Global Interdependence and Urban Restructuring in Japan

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pp. 280-298

What, in the final analysis, is distinctive about Japanese urban development? What sorts of issues does Japan's urban trajectory pose for social theory and comparative research? In concluding, we highlight several arguments running through the contributions to this book....

About the Contributors

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pp. 299-300

Index

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pp. 301-311


E-ISBN-13: 9781439900925

Publication Year: 2009