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A Longhouse Fragmented

Ohio Iroquois Autonomy in the Nineteenth Century

Brian Joseph Gilley

Publication Year: 2014

Tells the social history of the Iroquois people of Ohio during the build-up to removal.

Published by: State University of New York Press

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. 2-5

Contents

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pp. 6-7

List of Illustrations

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pp. vii-viii

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Preface

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pp. ix-xiv

At the Fiftieth Annual Conference on Iroquois Research in 1995, I found myself among some of the most important people in Native North American anthropology, archaeology, and history. Students with direct intellectual lineages to Franz Boas mingled with fledgling scholars and graduate students such as me. Fortunately, Laurence Hauptman had ...

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Introduction

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pp. 1-14

Francis Jennings refers to the ?imaginary? Iroquois as the product of two moments in North American colonial and US history. The first came as the result of British attempts to bring Iroquoian peoples and their ter-ritories under the empire?s sphere of influence in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Through historiographies by British colonial intel-...

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Chapter One: Place-Based Sandusky Histories

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pp. 15-30

It is well known that the Iroquois made extensive use of the Ohio Territory for hunting and trade before the establishment of villages in the Allegheny drainage and permanent settlement in the Sandusky region. Abounding game and ?unclaimed? land made the Ohio Terri-tory an important resource for the colonial economies of Iroquois and ...

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Chapter Two: Community Maintenance and Midwinter at Sandusky

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pp. 31-52

On November 15, 1831, John McElvain, the Indian agent for the Piqua Agency in Ohio, wrote to Secretary of War Lewis Cass informing him of the impending departure of 340 Seneca and Cayuga the following day from the Sandusky Reservation in Ohio. A few months earlier the ?San-dusky Seneca? had signed a treaty for removal to the Neosho Reservation ...

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Chapter Three: Representation and Autonomy

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pp. 53-72

No one can be more desirous of seeing our Indians all settled west of the Mississippi than I am. They cannot be preserved long on what is called Reservations in this country, but they cannot be forced. They will gradually move themselves as our population crowds on them. . . . In the months after the last Midwinter ceremony, community leaders at ...

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Chapter Four: Displacing the Longhouse

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pp. 73-88

To remove the Senecas of Sandusky, Ohio . . . afforded me an oppor-tunity of aiding in the benevolent policy of removing the Indians to a country better adapted to their habits and necessities, and of provid-ing for those immediately under my charge such comforts upon their The return of the headmen from Indian Territory and the death of Sen-...

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Chapter Five: Refusing Fragmentation

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pp. 89-112

Not a year after removal, the emigrating Seneca again found themselves in council with Indian agents. President Jackson, it seems, was concerned about the continued use of ancient forms of social and political organi-zation among the newly removed peoples. The majority of the peoples removed from Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois continued to function accord-...

Abbreviations Used in Notes

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pp. 113-114

Notes

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pp. 115-130

Works Cited

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pp. 131-138

Index

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pp. 139-142

Back Cover

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p. 158-158


E-ISBN-13: 9781438449418
Print-ISBN-13: 9781438449395

Page Count: 160
Publication Year: 2014

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Iroquois Indians -- Ohio -- History -- 19th century.
  • Iroquois Indians -- Ohio -- Politics and government.
  • Iroquois Indians -- Ohio -- Social life and customs.
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