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Hans Jonas’s Ethic of Responsibility

From Ontology to Ecology

Theresa Morris

Publication Year: 2013

Articulates the fundamental importance of ontology to Hans Jonas’s environmental ethics.

Published by: State University of New York Press

Title Page, Copyright

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pp. i-iv

Contents

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pp. v-vi

Acknowledgments

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pp. vii-viii

Abbreviations

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pp. ix-x

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Introduction

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pp. 1-12

A central concern, perhaps the central concern in ethical theory is the question of foundation: Upon what grounds must a theory of ethics rest if it is to persuade us of its rightness, its truth? The questioning of the roots of ethics originates with Socrates and extends throughout the history of moral philosophy, yet today this questioning seems to have lost ...

Part One Origins

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1 The Philosophical Genesis of the Ecological Crisis

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pp. 15-44

In his essay “Philosophy at the End of the Century,” Hans Jonas describes the crisis he sees arising from “the threat we pose to the planet’s ecology,” one that forces us to look anew at “one of the oldest philosophical questions, that of the relationship between human being and nature, between mind and matter—in other words, the age-old question of dualism.”1 ...

Part Two Groundwork

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2 A Philosophy of the Organism

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pp. 47-88

In his seminal text, The Phenomenon of Life, Jonas develops a philosophy of biology using a phenomenological approach. The “testimony of life” provides the basis for his observations, and his researches lead him to two important conclusions: humans are not separate from and other than nature, and nature is not devoid of intrinsic value. These findings ...

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3 Nature and Value

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pp. 89-118

The thinking that separates the human being from nature results, Jonas claims, in nihilism because when nature is understood as mere matter, indifferent and blind, the human being is thrown into a meaningless and unresponsive world (PL, 233). To begin to address the crisis created through the use and misuse of technology in the natural world,...

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4 The Good, the “Idea of Man,”and Responsibility

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pp. 119-140

As I noted in the last chapter, Jonas bases his conception of the good on the biological evidence that shows that all organisms harbor purposes. They desire the end that is the continuation of their lives, and they strive toward that continuation in their activities. A good is understood, philosophically, to be that end which a being pursues because it is valued....

Part Three Potentialities

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5 Technology, Nature, and Ethics

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pp. 143-186

The subtitle to The Imperative of Responsibility is In Search of an Ethics for the Technological Age, reflecting Jonas’s claim that modern technology has fundamentally changed the scope and extent of human action, necessitating a new ethical understanding and approach. In an essay titled “Technology as a Subject for Ethics,” he states that technology...

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Conclusion The Ethic of Responsibility and the Problem of the Future

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pp. 187-200

Responsibility for, and to, the future is the central tenet of Jonas's ethical philosophy, the end at which his theoretical work aims. He argues, first, that as a result of the great success of the human technological capacity and its resultant increase in power, human beings are burdened with the very serious long-term responsibilities that accompany that power. ...

Notes

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pp. 201-222

Bibliography

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pp. 223-230

Index

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pp. 231-BC


E-ISBN-13: 9781438448824
Print-ISBN-13: 9781438448817

Page Count: 246
Publication Year: 2013

Series Title: SUNY series in Environmental Philosophy and Ethics

Research Areas

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Subject Headings

  • Environmental responsibility.
  • Ontology.
  • Responsibility.
  • Jonas, Hans, 1903-1993.
  • Environmental ethics.
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