The Barbarian Principle
Merleau-Ponty, Schelling, and the Question of Nature
Publication Year: 2013
Published by: State University of New York Press
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Title Page, Copyright
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We would like to raise a glass of Brunello in thanks to our colleagues and friends at both Seattle University and Gonzaga University in Florence for their ongoing support. We also would like to express our gratitude to Chiasmi International where an earlier version of Robert Vallier’s essay appeared as “Être Sauvage and the Barbaric Principle: Merleau-Ponty’s ...
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Frequently cited works by Merleau-Ponty and Schelling adhere to the following sigla. Less frequently used editions by these authors, as well as all other works by other authors, are cited in the respective endnotes.N1 La nature: Notes, cours du Collège de France. Edited by Domi-NC Notes des cours, 1959–1961. Edited by Stéphanie Ménasé. ...
CHAPTER ONEThe Reawakening of theBarbarian Principle
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In what follows, I would like to speak both to our motivation for this collection of essays and then to the character of the essays themselves.In his provocative essay in Signs on Husserl and the problem of non-philosophy and non-phenomenology, “The Philosopher and His Shadow,” Merleau-Ponty takes up the question of what eludes philosophy ...
CHAPTER TWOPrefatory Meditations
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This essay purports to show that Merleau-Ponty’s philosophical vocation of the phenomenologist to offer a description of lived before the objectifications and interpretations of natural science or the natural attitude. Like Schelling, Merleau-Ponty turns to the artist, to the painter, who, according to Merleau-Ponty, alone ...
PART IISchelling and the Question of Nature
CHAPTER THREEUnfolding the Hidden Logos
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And what if the Barbarian Principle operates in language just as perspective of Schelling. But it is by no means limited to that perspective. As Merleau-Ponty once famously stated (citing Valéry), “language is everything, since it is the voice of no one, since it is the very voice of the things, the waves, and the forests.” This is ...
CHAPTER FOURSchelling on Plato’s Timaeus
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This essay investigates the intricate relationship between Schelling and Plato’s major cosmological works, The Ages of the World and the Timaeus, respectively, with a special focus on the controversial and intriguing notion of the platonic χώρα, which proves to be of major significance for the question of Nature. The first section ...
CHAPTER FIVEOn the Relation Between Natureand History in Schelling’sFreedom Essay and Spinoza’sTheologico-Political Treatise
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This chapter explores the relation between Schelling’s and Spinoza’s respective conceptions of Nature and the different conceptions of history to which they lead. Although Schelling’s conception of Nature initially emerges out of an intense engagement with Spinoza, I argue that his reconfiguration of the Spinozan substance/mode ...
PART IIIMerleau-Ponty and Schellingin Conversation
CHAPTER SEVENÊtre sauvage and the Barbarian Principle
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Ponty’s interest in the Naturphilosophie as developed in post-Kantian philosophy, most notably and radically by Schelling. In this essay, I discuss Merleau-Ponty’s relationship to Schelling and the barbarian principle, concentrating on the late lecture course, The Concept of This essay takes its bearings from a remark Merleau-Ponty makes in his ...
CHAPTER EIGHTÊtre brut or Nature
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This contribution purports to explain the change in Merleau-Ponty’s conception of Nature when he dissected Schelling’s Naturphilosophie in the lectures held in 1956–1958 and 1959–1960 at the Collège de France. Merleau-Ponty’s thought on Nature had been evolving steadily: a classical conception as a “manifold of objective events ...
CHAPTER NINEFreedom as the Experience of Nature
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...poses the main problem for Schelling’s Naturphilosophie. Yet for humans, being natural emerges in a new perspective and experience: transgressing its eternal recurrence toward an open future, an open history of natural existence, but also as the possibility of destroying this natural existence. This “open history,” which is one of freedom ...
CHAPTER TENFinding the Body’s Place in Nature
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In this essay, I place Merleau-Ponty’s course notes on Nature (1956–1960) between his two major works (The Phenomenology of Perception and The Visible and the Invisible) with regard to the Ponty’s discussion of Schelling’s conception of Nature in the first lecture course represents a central step in his reflection on that ...
CHAPTER ELEVENNature and Self-Knowledge
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This essay takes issue with Merleau-Ponty’s criticism of Schelling in his lecture course, “The Concept of Nature.” For Merleau-Ponty, Schelling’s idea of nature remains bound to the Idealist tradition with its focus on the unity of nature in the Absolute Subject. The limit of this Romantic concept of nature, Merleau-Ponty suggests, ...
CHAPTER TWELVEReading the Barbarous Source
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As is well known, Schelling’s work achieved a certain paradigmatic phenomenological descriptive method. Concomitantly, he elaborated theoretical expression and its historical rationality, articulating its inherent “right of rectification.” The result outlined the emergence of his new account in relation to what he termed an “operant” or ...
CHAPTER THIRTEENNature’s Inside
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In this essay I trace the relationship of the philosophy of Merleau-Ponty to that of Schelling by following the itinerary of the various transformations of the concepts of nature found in Merleau-Ponty’s work from The Structure of Behavior through The Phenomenology of Perception and the lecture course on Nature to The Visible and the ...
CHAPTER FOURTEENListening for the Voice of the Light
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Taking as our theme a question from Eye and Mind (“What is depth, what is light, what is being?”), we trace Merleau-Ponty’s final ontological project in its movement to uncover the “genesis of ideality.” Depth (as a third dimension or “voluminosity” through which the presence and absence of things coheres) is, for Merleau- Ponty,...
CHAPTER FIFTEENThe Eye and the Spirit of Nature
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This essay analyzes Merleau-Ponty’s reception of Schelling’s Naturphilosophie by focusing on their shared vision regarding the relationship between art and Nature. In discerning how both thinkers understand this relationship, I argue that the meeting point between these two philosophies is the experience of the tragic nature of ...
CHAPTER SIXTEENThe Art of Nature
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This essay takes up the problem of Nature in Schelling and Merleau-Ponty (especially in his late lecture course on Nature) as it comes developed through an analysis not only of their respective writings also through the related problems of the relationship between the polarizing forces of light and gravity as well as the unity of willing ...
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Page Count: 368
Publication Year: 2013
Series Title: SUNY series in Contemporary Continental Philosophy